Dear Qur’an friends, in todays lessons we will continue from the 83rd verse of An’am chapter. But I would like to make a reminder of our previous lesson before we begin.
Prophet Abraham was undertaking a unity test. While he was playing a celestial script, first he called stars as his Rabb but after their set he looked at the moon and later on the sun when it rises. After seeing all of them go down at one point he deduce that they are all temporary, all mortal and by the path of his mind, he reached to the point of understanding the existence of Allah the creator of all existence. He percieve Allah and reached unity by that.
So after we see the steps of reaching Allah by climbing the steps of existence all the way to the creator of all, now we reach to a passage where the proofs of Rububiyet (Godhood) are given. We are about to see the verses which show us the care, passion and mery of Allah for all humans.
83-) Ve tilke huccetuna ateynaha Ibrahiyme ala kavmih* nerfe’u derecatin men nesha’u, inne Rabbeke Hakiymun Aliym;
This is the definite proof We have given to Abraham against his people. We raise to elevated degrees whom We will! Indeed, your Rabb is the Hakim, the Aleem. (A.Hulusi)
That was Our argument which We gave to Abraham (to use) against his people: We raise whom We will, degree after degree: for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve tilke huccetuna ateynaha Ibrahiyme ala kavmih This is it. This is the way of proof that was given to Abraham in order to reach the ideology of unity. The verse explains that Abraham’s search for Allah through stars and moon and sun is actually a way of proof. Huccetuna our argument, our way of proof is said.
The tools of unity is as you know it, the mind, the conscious, the will. All these are means to make us reach to Allah’s existence, make us realize Allah’s unity. If a person can use all his mental powers correctly, the final destination is Allah’s existence and unity. It’s tevhid mentality. If you can see the essence of creation, you begin to realize the creator himself. This is the way of proof of Allah. It’s only natural for Allah to show His existence like this. It’s not theorical, not on the paper, it’s fully practical. This method is presented to humanity as the best and monatural way of convincing. Allah calls this method Huccetuna our way of proving. This means this is the method we want to use in our search for Allah’s existence.
nerfe’u derecatin men nesha’ We raise to elevated degrees whom We will! Just like we said, these are the steps that makes us reach the truth in the end, through stars and moon and sun. Abraham climbed these stairs in order to reach Allah’s existence and unity. For a creatures search for the creator, one should use the nature as a road map, a guide, a tool. Everything you see in the nature, on earth are actually maps that eventually help you reach Allah. If you can read them correctly, you hear the sound that takes you to Allah, you see the light. That’s why Abraham used these sounds and reach the unity by the path of intuition.
inne Rabbeke Hakiymun Aliym; for your Rabb is full of wisdom and knowledge. This celestial scenario that Abraham played is actually a product of wisdom. Humanity is taught how they can reach the truth, how they should look at the nature and reach the creations and how they should translate them. And this is the product of Allah’s wisdom and knowledge. Allah is the owner of wisdom and Allah knows all things. Surely Allah knows that when a person calls the moon as his Rabb, is he actually falling into shirq and associate the moon with Him or is he actually climbing the stairs that eventually makes that person reaching to Him.
That’s why trying to create a shirq out of nowhere from Abraham’s search for the truth via the stars, moon and the sun is actually ignoring the sight that Allah wants us to see.
84-) Ve vehebna lehu Ishaka ve Ya’kub* kullen hedeyna* ve Nuhan hedeyna min kablu ve min zurriyyetihi Davude ve Suleymane ve Eyyube ve Yusufe ve Musa ve Harun* ve kezalike neczil muhsiniyn;
And We gave to him (Abraham) Isaac and Jacob… All of them, We have guided (informed of the reality). And We guided Noah, and among his descendants, David, Soloman, Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron… Thus We reward the doers of good. (A.Hulusi)
We gave him Isaac and Jacob: all (three) We guided: and before him, We guided Noah, and among his progeny, David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron: thus do We reward those who do good: (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve vehebna lehu Ishaka ve Ya’kub We gave him Isaac and Jacob: These section is put like they exist becaues of what transpired before. As in Abraham had reached the truth, Allah’s existence, unity and godhood via his mind, his will and his perception. He had thanked for the blessing of mind we gave him and for that we gave him extra blessings. One of which is the biggest blessings a man can receive on earth. A pure and on truth bloodline. That’s what was given to Abraham and it is said here. Isaac as you know him, Abraham’s son and Jakob, his grandson from Isaac as his father.
kullen hedeyna* ve Nuhan hedeyna min kabl All of them, We have guided. And We guided Noah. Here the prophet Noah is mentioned for the sake of the prophethoods continuity. It is said that Noah was on the right path and just like him, descendants of Abraham were set on the right path as well. At this point Noah’s mentioning is actually a proof of prophethoods relations throughout the humanities history.
ve min zurriyyetihi Davude ve Suleymane ve Eyyube ve Yusufe ve Musa ve Harun And from his generation, from Abraham’s generations… Although Noah is mentioned here at last all these prophets mentioned before and after him are prophets from Abraham’s bloodline. David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron. We chose David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron from his bloodline.
These are the prophets of sons of Israel. They aren’t lined up of course. But their choosings from the Abraham’s line reminds us the verse 124 of Al-Baqarah chapter.
In Baqarah chapter 124th verse; Ve izibtela Ibrahiyme Rabbuhu Bikelimatin And remember that Abraham was tried by his Rabb with certain commands, feetemmehunne, which he fulfilled: kale inniy cailuke linNasi imama He said: “I will make you an Imam to the Nations.” He pleaded: kale ve min zurriyyetiy “And also (Imams) from my offspring!” kale la yenalu ahdiyzzalimiyn; He answered: “But My Promise is not within the reach of evil-doers.” This was Abraham’s pray came to life and because of that our prophet Muhammad said “I’m the pray of my ancestor Abraham.”
ve kezalike neczil muhsiniyn; thus do We reward those who do good. Here the principle is set for Allah’s choice, Allah’s choice for prophet. As in our Rabb puts a standard when a prophet was chosen. Prophethood is explained as a reward here. Because neczil We reward. If prophethood is a reward then all those prophets were the winners of this reward. So how did they win? muhsiniyn; By being good, being the true and honest. They earned their roles by using their minds, nature that was put within them truly and nicely and for that they were rewarded with prophethood.
85-) Ve Zekeriyya ve Yahya ve ‘Iysa ve Ilyas* kullun mines salihiyn;
And Zacharia, John, Jesus and Elias… All of them were of the righteous. (A.Hulusi)
And Zakariya and John, and Jesus and Elias: all in the ranks of the Righteous: (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve Zekeriyya ve Yahya ve ‘Iysa ve Ilyas* kullun mines salihiyn Zachariah was also a prophet which came to sons of Israel and they slaughtered him like a sheep. John, his son, also a prophet of sons of Israel, him too murdered by his community. Ve Zekeriyya ve Yahya ve ‘Iysa ve Ilyas* kullun mines salihiyn Jesus also a prophet for the same community. And Elias who we can see in old testaments by the name of Eliah, a prophet who lived between 880 and 850 BC.
By that time the sons of Israel were in deep with the sickness of idol worshipping or by Qur’an’s dialect, the sickness of imitation. They were worshipping one of the idols of neighbour clan, an idol named Baal. Prophet Elias or by the name from the old testaments Eliah showed resistance for this deviation and surely enough they stoned him away. He too suffered from his own community.
kullun mines salihiyn; it is explained here too, the reason why all these individuals were rewarded with the position of prophethood. They were all in the ranks of the Righteous.
86-) Ve Isma’iyle vElyese’a ve Yunuse ve Luta* ve kullen faddalna alel alemiyn;
And Ishmael, Elisha, Jonah and Lot… We made them superior to all people (the worlds) (by enabling them to experience the mystery of vicegerency in their bodily life). (A.Hulusi)
And Ismail and Elisha, and Jonah, and Lot: and to all We gave favor above the nations: (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve Isma’iyle vElyese’a ve Yunuse ve Luta And Ishmael, Elisha, Jonah and Lot (We also chose)
Ismael as he is known Prophet Abraham’s second son and Rasulallah’s ancestor. And Elisha or in old testament Elijah is a prophet we read in Qur’an. Jonah has also mentioned in both Qur’an and old testaments. So is Lot.
Prophet Lot has no direct bloodline with Prophet Abraham. There might be objections about the reason of his mentionings here. But Lot was Abraham’s nephew, his brothers son. Uncle is like a father. Arabs have this approach to matters like these.
We see this mentality in a hadith that is named after Rasulallah. Aunt is like mother and uncle is like father. But beyond that, Lot follows Abraham’s footsteps constantly just like a son walking behind his father. That’s why even Lot has no direct bloodline with Abraham himself but he was indeed his son if we take the matter path related. Just like Ehli Beyt. Before mentioning the blood relations, they take priorities in faith relations.
For example when son and wife of Noah is mentioned in Hud/46, we see this expression. leyse min ehlik, they are not from your path. Qur’an wasn’t talking about the blood in this scenario. Noah’s son Kanan, he didn’t travel your path, he wasn’t in your path. Hence he is no longer in your line.
ve kullen faddalna alel alemiyn; and to all We gave favor above the nations.
87-) Ve min abaihim ve zurriyyatihim ve ihvanihim* vectebeynahum ve hedeynahum ila siratin mustekiym;
And some of their fathers, descendants and brothers! We have chosen them and led them to the right path. (A.Hulusi)
(To them) and to their fathers, and progeny and brethren: We chose them, and we guided them to a straight Way. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve min abaihim ve zurriyyatihim ve ihvanihim* And some of their fathers, descendants and brothers. vectebeynahum ve hedeynahum ila siratin mustekiym We have chosen them and led them to the right path.
88-) Zalike hudAllahi yehdiy Bihi men yeshau min ibadiHI, velev eshreku le habita anhum ma kanu ya’melun;
This is Allah’s guidance… He guides (enables the realization of the innermost reality of) whom he wills among His servants… If they had associated others with Allah (duality) then surely all of their earnings would have become vain. (A.Hulusi)
This is the Guidance of Allah. He giveth that guidance to whom He pleaseth, of His worshippers. If they were to join other gods with Him, all that they did would be vain for them (A.Yusuf Ali)
Zalike hudAllahi yehdiy Bihi men yeshau min ibadiHI This is Allah’s guidance… He guides whom he wills among His servants. This is the guidance of Allah dear friends. Only Allah can do this. So what do humanity have left but to fall and lose their path if not guided by the truths that are eternally valid.
This is Allah’s guidance… He guides whom he wills among His servants. Hudallah, the revelations are the maps of Allah, dear friends. Those who neglect to take these maps with you in their journeys of vast deserts and oceans are doomed to be lost and forgotten eventually.
Quran is the collection of milestones in humanities journey of infinity. They are the road signs. They show the edges of the road, preventing the travelers from falling over the edge, flying away from the trut path. And with success. People who follow the signs surely find the end of the path when the time comes. But those who ignore them will surely go astray before reaching their destinations.
From all these we understand that mind is a compass and revelations are the road maps. And all those moon, stars, sun, seas, mountains and heavens that Abraham searched for the truth. They are also the steps that lead us to the same truth. When used correctly, the final destination is Allah’s unity, celestiality and existence. This is the definition of salvation.
velev eshreku le habita anhum ma kanu ya’melun; If they were to join other gods with Him, all that they did would be vain for them. The group that is mentioned here are the prophets. It is said that when they are reaching for salvation, they are hadn’t shirq Allah. Had they shirq at some point, surely all their efforts would be in vain. The verse indicates that all the road maps that humanity should benefit from were also used by the prophets as well.
89-) Ulaikelleziyne ateynahumul Kitabe vel Hukme ven Nubuvvete, fein yekfur Biha haulai fekad vekkelna Biha kavmen leysu Biha Bikafiriyn;
They are the ones to whom We have given the Book (the knowledge of the reality and sunnatullah), Judgment and Nubuwwah… If they (the people) deny these things that We have given, We will entrust it to a people who will not deny any of it. (A.Hulusi)
These were the men to whom We gave the Book, and authority, and prophethood: if these (their descendants) reject them, Behold! We shall entrust their charge to a new People who reject them not. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ulaikelleziyne ateynahumul Kitabe vel Hukme ven Nubuvvete These were the men to whom We gave the Book, and authority, and prophethood.
1-The Book. The celestial warning is given.
2-The Judgement. The power of comparison. Mind is a gift to humanity but wrongfully used it might make you fall at the edge of the road. That’s why a lone mind can be a tool of deviation. The power of understanding is the right use of the mind. Given tools are used correctly this way. Only then, only if the power of mind, the will and the understanding is used correctly, a person can walk the path that the book illuminates.
3-The Prophethood. I take this one as the power of leadership. Also the power of representation for the celestial message. Being the person who is tasked to deliver the celestial messages to other people.
Book, Judgement and Prophethood. These three things are the ones which make a prophet, prophet.
fein yekfur Biha haulai fekad vekkelna Biha kavmen leysu Biha Bikafiriyn if these- who are these? To remember that the first community given with this message are the Meccan community of that time since the verse had arrived at the last year before Hejira, the “these” group are Meccans of that time- reject them, Behold! We shall entrust their charge to a new People who reject them not. So who shall be the entrusted group then? They will be the ensar (locals) and muhacirs (arrived) of Madina community.
This verse is also a herald, a miracle revealed right before Hejira. A herald for the true believers. The dawn is coming, the path is finally over the peak. Inne me’al’usri yusra; (Inshirah/6) usr hardship yusra turning to ease.
It shows Madina here and the truth that is explained here is this, dear Qur’an friends. Truth is like a river everflowing. It finds its path and reaches the sea. Eventually but always finds its path. Revelations are like a river. They find a worthy community that will follow it and build a life around them. But if a community isn’t worthy of it, then it begins the search again to find its sea once again. You can be sure of that.
90-) Ulaikelleziyne hedAllahu fe Bi hudahumuktedih* kul la es’elukum aleyhi ecra* in huve illa zikra lil alemiyn;
They are the ones who Allah has guided… So, follow their reality! Say, “I do not want a reward (for informing you)… it is only a reminder to people (the worlds)!” (A.Hulusi)
Those were the (prophets) who received Allah’s guidance. Follow the guidance they received; Say: “No reward for this do I ask of you: This is but a reminder to the nations.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ulaikelleziyne hedAllahu They are the ones who Allah has guided… fe Bi hudahumuktedih So, follow their reality!
Me at first, if we realize the truth of this expression in our hearts, it should shake us from the foundatition, my dear friends. This expression, these people who has been named for a few verses now, these 18 prophets. This is the exact point to seperate them from philosopers. This is the point where religion and philosopy seperates.
Revelations are like a river, I said earlier. Uncut, everflowing and contains prophets that verify one another. No prophet gives a new truth, unheard from the previous prophets. That’s why right here I want to say this. Truth isn’t old or new. Truth is timeless dear friends, it can never be old. All these times prophets confirming each others indicates that the truth isn’t a fashion thing, and since it hasn’t got a fashion attribute it cannot go out of style either. Every age, every ground has this truth. And the message says to Rasulallah, fe Bi hudahumuktedih So, follow their reality!
It doesn’t say things like, “You are chosen, you are the one, you are the exception.” No, you follow their path. Because it is a path. Just like the poet says “The line of humanity flows from two river paths. The paths are twins and yet one path is with the light and the other with the filth.” So in which line you are drifting? Are you in the line of light, everclean? Or in the line of filth? One should decide and act like it.
kul la es’elüküm aleyhi ecran Say: “No reward for this do I ask of you” I don’t expect anything from you.
This is the first thing a prophet says to its community they are assigned to. Not demanding anyhing. Why? Because they will be paid in afterlife. Any reward or fee destroys their chances in afterlife. Not only that, any form of fee also destroy the impact of their voices, messages. Prophets address peoples minds. So think; if I don’t want anything from you, what might be my gain from this. Think really hard about this and decide about me. They said.
in huve illa zikra lil alemiyn; Remember this. Revelations, these celestial messages. It is only a reminder to people. This is a celestial heirloom. If you betray this trust, you betray Allah’s truth in you.
After the passage that explains us the proofs of lordhood and unity, another passage will be opened, explaining another proof of Allah’s lordship. The proofs of prophethood. They are been explained from now on.
91-) Ve ma kaderullahe hakka kadriHI iz kalu ma enzelAllahu ala besherin min shey’* kul men enzelel Kitabelleziy cae Bihi Musa nuren ve huden linNasi tec’alunehu karatiyse tubduneha ve tuhfune kesiyra* ve ‘ullimtum ma lem ta’lemu entum ve la abaukum* kulillahu summe zerhum fiy havdihim yel’abun;
And they did not duly appreciate Allah, by saying, “Allah has not revealed anything to any man” Say, “Who revealed the Book (knowledge) that Moses brought from his essence as Nur and protection for the people? You put it (knowledge) into parchments and show it, but you hide most of it… While much was taught to you, things neither you nor your fathers knew!”… Say: ‘Allah’ and let them amuse themselves in their empty discourse (their illusory world) in which they are absorbed.” (A.Hulusi)
No just estimate of Allah do they make when they say: “Nothing doth Allah send down to man (by way of revelation)” Say: “Who then sent down the Book which Moses brought?- a light and guidance to man: But ye make it into (separate) sheets for show, while ye conceal much (of its contents): therein were ye taught that which ye knew not – neither ye nor your fathers.” Say: “Allah (sent it down)”, then leave them to plunge in vain discourse and trifling. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve ma kaderullahe hakka kadriHI iz kalu ma enzelAllahu ala besherin min shey’ And they did not duly appreciate Allah, by saying, “Allah has not revealed anything to any man.”
Appreciating Allah duly, what a great expression isn’t it? It must be something difficult to reach to that point. In order to appreciate our Rabb duly, one should spend his entire life like Allah sees him all the time. Having the mind, sight and faith with this attitude. If only a man possess such faith then he can appreciate Allah duly.
The verse indicates about not being able to appreciate it however; not being able to appreciate Allah’s creations, mainly humans, not feeling the love and compassion. And surely enough, rejecting the signs, turning back to verses is also turning back to the love of all creations, dear friends. Secondly it’s about being unable to comprehend that Allah is active in peoples lives. People who cannot appreciate are usually believe in a passive, far away Rabb on their own.
This was the faith of heathens. Passive, not being able to interfere humans lives, cut their bonds with them or in other words lost hope from humanity. This type of belief is rejected here in this verse.
kul men enzelel Kitabelleziy cae Bihi Musa nuren ve huden linNasi tec’alunehu karatiyse tubduneha ve tuhfune kesiyra Say, “Who revealed the Book that Moses brought from his essence as Nur and protection for the people? You put it into parchments and show it, but you hide most of it…
Although the verses are Meccan origins, it looks like the addressed group are Madina community. But we should also remember this. Jews were the mentors of heathens and non-believers. Nonbelievers were going to jews are they bring questions to Rasulallah that which they got from the jews. And after taking Rasulallah’s answer they were going to them again and ask what to do. That’s why sometimes Qur’an eliminates the conduits and go directly to the source, in this case the mentors. That’s why it would be a more firm and acceptable approach to a situation that might be an exception. This verse drops jews masks and bring forth the conflicts they are in.
Tec’alunehu karatiys was said in verse also, in paper it means, you wrote them in papyrus. Here the verb ceale means turning, transforming, handling. As in Allah sent revelations as a map, a guide for the true path and yet they turned it into a piece of paper to be put on a table. Can you imagine a bigger insult than turn something so valuable, so celestial to a piece of cloth, paper to wipe the dirt?
So the punch here is the wrong usage of revleations. Here it’s been rejected and called it shameful to use the map of your lives for other purposes and it calls this community not to turn jewish in this matter.
ve ‘ullimtum ma lem ta’lemu entum ve la abaukum While much was taught to you, things neither you nor your fathers knew!”. They learnt from the verses we had sent earlier.
They showed a jewish attitude to the verses they had recieved. They acted like the old testaments as myth. As in it’s asleep. They turned Tora into a puzzle book. With their pseudo knowledges on Tora’s numeric codes, they created a system called ebced and cifir. İnstead of taking those verses into their lives, they turned them into uncrackable codes and tried to rob ignorant people with that. So Qur’an informs the people about this fact, how it was a betrayal and the people who follow this book shouldn’t go down that road.
kulillahu summe zerhum fiy havdihim yel’abun; Say: ‘Allah’ and let them amuse themselves in their empty discourse, their illusory world in which they are absorbed.”
92-) Ve haza Kitabun enzelnahu mubarekun musaddikulleziy beyne yedeyhi ve li tunzira Ummel Kura ve men havleha* velleziyne yu’minune Bil ahireti yu’minune Bihi ve hum ala salatihim yuhafizun;
This is a (Book) We have revealed, blessed and confirmed those before it, to warn the Mother of Cities (Mecca) and those who live near her… Those who believe in the eternal life to come also believe in this knowledge… They are the ones who continue performing their salat (prayers). (A.Hulusi)
And this is a Book which We have sent down, bringing blessings, and confirming (the revelations) which came before it: that thou mayest warn the Mother of Cities (Makkah) and all around her. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in this (Book), and they are constant in guarding their prayers. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve haza Kitabun enzelnahu mubarekun musaddikulleziy beyne yedeyhi ve li tunzira Ummel Kura ve men havleha And this is a Book which We have sent down, bringing blessings, and confirming (the revelations) which came before it: that thou mayest warn the Mother of Cities (Makkah) and all around her.
Dear friends, there’s an Ummul Kura in this verse. This expression is for the first addressed group of this verse. Becauseit means center, capitol. A hub for religion, history and commerce. All centers of civilizations, all megapolises, all metropolises are ummul kura. So this is the truth that this verse gives us. Go to these centers in which are the rulers of this world and carry the message to there. Carry the celestial messages to there since they are like a heart of a person.
All capitals in all countries are like a persons heart. When you take over a persons heart, you take over his lips, eyes, ears and all organs. There are several important capitals in this world too. That’s why I believe the message should be taken as an order because they are all ummul kura.
velleziyne yu’minune Bil ahireti yu’minune Bihi Those who believe in the eternal life to come also believe in this knowledge
There’s a reference here, it’s for people who show their faiths to verses and afterlife. It is said that if you believe that you will be hold accountable after death, you should follow this book so that you can easily defend yourselves.
ve hum ala salatihim yuhafizun; They are the ones who continue performing their salat. They are the ones who stay strong.
Here the word salatihim can be translated with its literal form. Usually it has the meaning of praying. But in its essence praying represents a persons strong stance in his belief, dear friends. Here the message not only includes praying but the responsibilities of life choices as well, that’s why I choose to translate this as it is.
93-) Ve men azlemu mimmeniftera alAllahi keziben ev kale uhiye ileyye ve lem yuha ileyhi shey’un ve men kale seunzilu misle ma enzelAllah* velev tera iziz zalimune fiy gameratil mevti vel melaiketu basitu eydiyhim* ahricu enfusekum* elyevme tuczevne azabelhuni Bi ma kuntum tekulune alAllahi gayrel Hakki ve kuntum an ayatihi testekbirun;
Who can do more wrong than one who lies about Allah or who says, “It has been revealed unto me” when nothing has been revealed to him and who says, “I will reveal the like of what Allah has revealed”? If only you could see the wrongdoers when they live the intensity of death! The angels (forces) extend (spread) their hands and say, “Separate yourselves from your body (world) now as consciousness (for you have tasted death, life without a body, and life continues)! Today you will be punished with humiliation for the things you said about Allah not based on truth, and for being arrogant towards His signs.” (A.Hulusi)
Who can be more wicked than one who inventeth a lie against Allah, or saith, “I have received inspiration,” when he hath received none, or (again) who saith, “I can reveal the like of what Allah hath revealed”? If thou couldst but see how the wicked (do fare) in the agonies of death! – the angels stretch forth their hands, (saying),”Yield up your souls: this day shall ye receive your reward,- a penalty of disgrace, for that ye used to tell lies against Allah, and scornfully to reject of His Signs!” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve men azlemu mimmeniftera alAllahi keziben I should make a reference to 91st verse right now. One who invents a lie against Allah, this is the lie saying, “Allah didn’t bring down anything.” This is a speech of lie. It only appropriate to learn whether Allah sent down anything or not, from Allah. No person has the authority to say something in the name of Allah. If you do that you clearly spit lies about Allah.
ev kale uhıye ileyye ve lem yuha ileyhi sheyun or says, “I have received inspiration,” when he has received none. The problem of false prophets, vain mehdi claims, false Messiah claims or so.
These problems were a part of religion before, there are still here and there will always be problems like these in future. False prophets and imposter Messiahs will always be around us and these claims will never seize to exist. This is a reference to that.
ve men kale seunzilu misle ma enzelAllah or (again) who says, “I can reveal the like of what Allah has revealed”? Who can be more wicked than these. Ve men azlemu more wicked, more tyranic, more evil than these ones. This last one is a denial for revelations celestial origin. As in denying by saying, “I can bring forth the things like Allah supposedly sent down.” This is denying the celestial origin as a starting point.
velev tera iziz zalimune fiy gameratil mevt And here we read a type of addressing that shakes our bones, a scolding. If you could but see how the wicked do fare in the agonies of death! Those who don’t believe the celestial origins of the signs, those who don’t trust Allah, who think highly of themselves on certain things, who try to con others by using religion, those who claim prophethood or tell lies about Allah, those who describe Allah not the way Allah describe Himself but the way the person think abut Allah, the tyrants who don’t appreciate Allah… These sentence are all about them. You should see those wrong-doers while angels make them suffer in their agonies of death.
vel melaiketu basitu eydiyhim* ahricu enfusekum the angels stretch forth their hands, (saying),”Yield up your souls:” It’s time to give up your souls.
elyevme tuczevne azabelhuni Bi ma kuntum tekulune alAllahi gayrel Hakki ve kuntum an ayatihi testekbirun; this day shall you receive your reward,- a penalty of disgrace, for that you used to tell lies against Allah, and scornfully to reject of His Signs. Qur’an opens this window to that scene for us. Saying, “You should see them when they are choked while they suffer the pain of death.”
O Rabb, we seek refuge in you from meeting this end. How can we not seek shelter in you from betraying the signs, slandering you or insulting you!
94-) Ve lekad ci’tumuna furada kema halaknakum evvele merretin ve terektum ma havvelnakum verae zuhurikum* ve ma nera me’akum shufe’aekumulleziyne ze’amtum ennehum fiykum shureka’* lekad tekatta’a beynekum ve dalle ankum ma kuntum tez’umun;
Indeed, you have come to Us as individuals, like how We created you the first time (with the awareness of your origin)! You have left behind the illusions We conferred upon you… We do not see you with the intercessors you took, thinking they are partners (of Allah)… Indeed, the tie between you has been severed and everything you assumed existed has been lost! (A.Hulusi)
“And behold! ye come to us bare and alone as We created you for the first time: Ye have left behind you all (the favors) which We bestowed on you: We see not with you your intercessors whom ye thought to be partners in your affairs: so now all relations between you have been cut off, and your (pet) fancies have left you in the lurch!” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve lekad ci’tumuna furada kema halaknakum evvele merretin “And behold! ye come to us bare and alone as We created you for the first time. Imagine an afterlife court which the judge is Allah and all humanity is before Allah. All people with their actions visible like a film arund their neck. Not just 3D, 3000D, an amazing production. We will be told there, “You come to us bare and alone.”
ve terektum ma havvelnakum verae zuhurikum* You have left behind you all (the favors) which We bestowed on you: ve ma nera me’akum shufe’aekumulleziyne ze’amtum ennehum fiykum shureka’ We see not with you your intercessors whom ye thought to be partners in your affairs: Where are your saviours now?
ennehum fiykum is a hard expression. Things you put next to Allah, the things people shirq Allah with or for. Whoever they are. Saints, trusteds, prophets or simple stones and dirts, graves and mausoleums. All the things those people hold dear while living are gone now.
lekad tekatta’a beynekum ve dalle ankum ma kuntum tez’umun so now all relations between you have been cut off, and your (pet) fancies have left you in the lurch!”
This expression is for people who put middle things between them and Allah, people who create conduits and search for people as their saviours. Here the message is clear. Trust your actions. Your lives will be your greatest saviours.
95-) InnAllahe falikulhabbi venneva* yuhricul hayye minel meyyiti ve muhricul meyyiti minel hayy* zalikumullahu, feenna tu’fekun;
Indeed Allah is the cleaver that cracks and splits the seeds (creates forms of existence from the seeds of Names)! He brings the living (those who realize their infiniteness based on the Name Hayy) from the dead (those deprived of the knowledge of the reality)… And the dead (those who fail to leave their cocoon and fall into the state of the ‘Inciting Self’; carnal state of existence) from the living (those who live with the knowledge of the reality, in the state of the ‘Inspired Self’)! Thus is Allah! How you are turned (from one state to another). (A.Hulusi)
It is Allah Who causeth the seed-grain and the date-stone to split and sprout. He causeth the living to issue from the dead, and He is the One to cause the dead to issue from the living. That is Allah: then how are ye deluded away from the truth? (A.Yusuf Ali)
InnAllahe falikulhabbi venneva It is Allah Who causes the seed-grain and the date-stone to split and sprout. A new passage arrives. After delivering the proofs of prophethood, now we are informed with the proofs of unity and singularity. Qur’an has a magnificent systematics within itself. All these passages merge into a single message that completes the entire book. But the inner meanings of each passage are profound too. So here we see the proofs of unity and singularity of Allah. Allah is the one who causes the seed grain and date stone to split and sprout.
Here we should take the role of “Inne” noun and add the verb role. As in the focus on the sentence should be for Allah. It’s Allah who creates the seed and grain.
Defining Allah with an action of his is like “The creator here is Allah. Defining an action with the creator on focus is like “Allah is the one who does this.” It creates a small but meaningful nuance, it makes a nicer translation.
yuhricul hayye minel meyyiti ve muhricul meyyiti minel hayy* He causes the living to issue from the dead, and He is the One to cause the dead to issue from the living. zalikumullahu, feenna tu’fekun That is Allah: then how are you deluded away from the truth?
Look at the expression, dear friends. This is Allah. As in compare the concept of Allah in your minds with the Allah who is described in Qur’an. This is important. Just believing Allah isn’t enough.One should believe in Allah as Allah describes. feenna tu’fekun; then how are you deluded away from the truth? “fek” means lie in Arabic language. Slander or taking the word upside down have the same meanings. It is usually used to describe minds confusion, dear friends. It can be translated as blown away in other languages. The sentence can be understood as. “How you become confused and blown away from the truth?”
96-) Falikul isbah* ve ce’alelleyle sekenen veshemse vel Kamera husbana* zalike takdiyrul Aziyzil Aliym;
He tears away the darkness to bring forth the daylight! He has made the night for rest, and the Sun and the stars for measurement… This is the determination of the Aziz, the Aleem. (A.Hulusi)
He it is that cleaveth the day-break (from the dark): He makes the night for rest and tranquillity, and the sun and moon for the reckoning (of time): Such is the judgment and ordering of (Him), the Exalted in Power, the Omniscient. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Falikul isbah* ve ce’alelleyle sekenen He tears away the darkness to bring forth the daylight! veshemse vel Kamera husbana He has made the night for rest, and the Sun and the stars for measurement.
Siyak and sibak, before and after, if you look carefully the beginning and the end of the verse, you see the benefits of materials for humanity. As in sun, moon, earth they are all described as benefits for humans. Otherwise veshemse vel Kamera husbana Hebanen if read with the word B like in the Rahman chapter if creates the word Bihusbanin, so the meaning takes place as The one who moves the time in its course.
zalike takdiyrul Aziyzil Aliym; Such is the judgment and ordering of Him, the Exalted in Power, the Omniscient. All things in heavens and on earth, they move by the courses that Allah sets for them. So you humans with all your minds and willpowers, do you honestly think that Allah will leave you to yourselves? Think about it? Even the skies are in His disposal, even the non-living materials act by the laws they are created in, you a masterpiece of Allah, do you think you are without law. This is the message.
97-) Ve HUvelleziy ce’ale lekumunNucume litehtedu Biha fiy zulumatil berri velbahr* kad fassalnel ayati likavmin ya’lemun;
It is HU who forms the stars in the darkness of the night and the sea, so that you find guidance! We have indeed explained Our signs for a people who know. (A.Hulusi)
It is He Who maketh the stars (as beacons) for you, that ye may guide yourselves, with their help, through the dark spaces of land and sea: We detail Our Signs for people who know. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve HUvelleziy ce’ale lekumunNucume litehtedu Biha fiy zulumatil berri velbahr* It is HU who forms the stars in the darkness of the night and the sea, so that you find guidance! kad fassalnel ayati likavmin ya’lemun; We have indeed explained Our signs for a people who know.
98-) Ve HUvelleziy ensheekum min nefsin vahidetin femustakkarun ve mustevde’un, kad fessalnel’ayati likavmin yefkahun;
HU has created you from a single soul (a single Self)… and then a place of dwelling (a place to know one’s self, the formation of the world) and then a container (the body, a temporary place for safe keeping)… We have indeed explained Our signs for a people of open understanding. (A.Hulusi)
It is He Who hath produced you from a single soul: then there is a nesting place and a repository: We detail Our Signs for people who understand. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve HUvelleziy ensheekum min nefsin vahidetin It is He Who has produced you from a single soul. The proofs of unity and celestiality of Allah continue here. This sentence indicates that we cannot grasp the importance of Allah for us. Remember, we owe our existence to Allah. So what form of language can be used to deny Allah with the speech Allah has given us to deny the same Allah which we owe our beings to? Ve HUvelleziy ensheekum min nefsin vahidetin It is He Who has produced you from a single soul. femustakkarun ve mustevde’un and then a place of dwelling and then a container.
This is a peculiar expression. A place tos tay, temporary and permanently. Many meanings may come to our minds when we think about this.
Woom is a place. Woom is temporary, earth is permanent? No, that doesn’t fit. Another approach maybe. Before death and after death. Earth is temporary, afterlife is permanent. It fits but there are other examples fort his analogy. Body is temporary, soul is permanent. The word mustevde’un indicates a process. So I think this verse makes a reference to 67th verse of the same chapter.
kad fessalnel’ayati likavmin yefkahun; We detail Our Signs for people who understand.
99-) Ve HUvelleziy enzele mines Semai ma’en, feahrecna Bihi nebate kulli shey’in feahrecna minhu hadiren nuhricu minhu habben muterakiba* ve minennahli min tal’iha kinvanun daniyetun ve cennatin min a’nabin vezzeytune verrummane mushtebihen ve gayre muteshabih* unzuru ila semerihi iza esmera ve yen’ih* inne fiy zalikum le ayatin li kavmin yu’minun;
HU discloses water from the sky! With it We produce the growth of ALL THINGS! And from it We produced greenery… And from it grains arranged in layers… And clusters of dates hanging low from the sheath of the date palms… And We produce vineyards and olive groves and pomegranates, alike yet different! Look at its fruits when it yields and ripens… Indeed, there are signs in these for a people who believe. (A.Hulusi)
It is He Who sendeth down rain from the skies: with it We produce vegetation of all kinds: from some We produce green (crops), out of which We produce grain, heaped up (at harvest); out of the date-palm and its sheaths (or spathes) (come) clusters of dates hanging low and near: and (then there are) gardens of grapes, and olives, and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety): when they begin to bear fruit, feast your eyes with the fruit and the ripeness thereof. Behold! in these things there are Signs for people who believe. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve HUvelleziy enzele mines Semai ma’en, It is He Who sendeth down rain from the skies. A reference for the origin of life that comes from water.
feahrecna Bihi nebate kulli shey’in with it We produce vegetation of all kinds. The process of plants is expressed here. Also a message in subtext. Weed, you only see grass. But even a single grass is bound to a law. It borns, grows, gives fruit and seed and it dies. So you humanity, you think you don’t exist as a mere plant do? Don’t you look at that plant and learn something? You do have a spring, summer and autumn too. An done day you shall shed your leaves and fade away too.
All references here are nature related, dear friends. Allah advices us to use our minds correctly and the verses like these oftenly ends with this expression. likavmin yu’minun; in these things there are Signs for people who believe.
feahrecna minhu hadiren from some We produce green (crops), out of which We produce grain, nuhricu minhu habben muterakiba. And clusters of dates hanging low from the sheath of the date palms. Stages of green production, all of these. The way nature produce vegatation.
ve minennahli min tal’iha kinvanun daniyetun And clusters of dates hanging low from the sheath of the date palms. ve cennatin min a’nabin vezzeytune verrummane And We produce vineyards and olive groves and pomegranates mushtebihen ve gayre muteshabih, alike yet different!
The laws of existence is similar to the laws of nature. As in born, raise (grow), give birth (seeding) and dearh. Similar and yet in all forms of taste, color and forms. They are like the instruments of a big choir. All sings the proofs of unity.
It also carries a reference to the choices of humans, all different thoughts, different emotions, different idologies and method of expressions. Different method of delivery for information, even the prophets are unique on this matter. Although the roots of belief is singular, the details can be varied.
unzuru ila semerihi iza esmera ve yen’ih* Look at its fruits when it yields and ripens… inne fiy zalikum le ayatin li kavmin yu’minun Indeed, there are signs in these for a people who believe.
100-) Ve ce’alu Lillahi shurekaelCinne ve halekahum ve hareku leHU beniyne ve benatin Bigayri ‘ilm* subhaneHU ve te’ala amma yesifun;
Yet they attributed the jinn (invisible beings) as partners onto Allah – while He (Allah) has created them (the qualities they manifest comprise Allah’s Names)! Ignorantly they attributed sons and daughters unto Him! Subhan is He, above and beyond what they attribute! (A.Hulusi)
Yet they make the Jinns equals with Allah, though Allah did create the Jinns; and they falsely, having no knowledge, attribute to Him sons and daughters. Praise and glory be to Him! (for He is) above what they attribute to Him! (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve ce’alu Lillahi shurekaelCin Yet they attributed the invisible beings as partners onto Allah.
I didn’t want to translate this elCinn part as djinn. The concept of djinn was completed later on. The times when the Qur’an brought down this concept hadn’t find it’s ground yet. Like we mentioned before the roots of “ce ne ne” oftenly creates words regarding the hidden, covered, away from the eyes. Cenin (Fetus), Mecnun (Lover), Can (Life), Cennet (Paradise) all are hidden and invisible. That’s why here the expression elCinn is about different existence plains out of humans reach both physically and mentally. It’s about the dimension created by Allah but hidden away from humanity.
ve halekahum What’s saying here. Yet they attributed them as partners onto Allah. They tried to give them power that Allah hadn’t given. They were creatures too. The verse continues with the same sentence. ve halekahum while Allah has created them.
A beautiful and fulfilling explanation. How can you see these creatures and Allah as the same. How can you attribute them as partners to Allah. How can you do this extortion of power.
ve hareku leHU beniyne ve benatin Bigayri ‘ilm* and they falsely, having no knowledge, attribute to Him sons and daughters. subhaneHU ve te’ala amma yesifun; Praise and glory be to Him! (for He is) above what they attribute to Him.
Yes dear friends, Remember the first sentence of 91st verse. Ve ma kaderullahe hakka kadriHI inability to appreciate Allah as one should. If a person cannot appreciate Allah as he should, that’s when the problems begin to surface. All kinds of shirq come throught that door. That’s why this verse refuse of kinds of slanders and shirqs by this expression.
subhaneHU ve te’ala amma yesifun; Praise and glory be to Him! (for He is) above what they attribute to Him. A great answer for all questions. Whatever you imagine in your heads about Allah, know that Allah is neither of them. Humans conception is unable to graps the concept of Allah.
A saying of Ziya Pasha comes to mind here. “No need for explanation about it for this little mind, because this scale cannot handle that much weight.
101-) Bediy’usSemavati vel Ard* enna yekunu leHU veledun velem tekun leHU sahibeh* ve haleka kulle shey’* ve HUve Bikulli shey’in ‘Aliym;
(He is) the Badee (the originator) of the heavens and the earth! How can one free from the concept of companionship have a son! He created all! HU, as the creator of all with His Names, and by being present in their essence with His Names, knows them! (A.Hulusi)
Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth: How can He have a son when He hath no consort? He created all things, and He hath full knowledge of all things. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Bediy’usSemavati vel Ard* Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth: enna yekunu leHU veledun velem tekun leHU sahibeh How can He have a son when He has no consort? Can’t you imagine just a simple thing. Those who claim this slander. This is a criticism especially to christianic mentality of trinity. Also jewish communities claims like “We are the chosen sons and friends of Allah.” They had such claims. They were boasting like they are the chosen community. So this sentence is a celestial answer to all these twisted thoughts. How can Allah has a child? Allah is above the concept of companionship.
ve haleka kulle shey’* ve HUve Bikulli shey’in ‘Aliym He created all things, and He hath full knowledge of all things.
102-) Zalikumullahu Rabbukum* la ilahe illa HU* haliku kulli shey’in fa’buduHU, ve HUve ala kulli shey’in Vekiyl;
Thus is your Rabb Allah! There is no god, only HU! The creator of all (not externally but from within dimensional depths)! Become aware of your servitude to Him! He is Wakil over all things. (A.Hulusi)
That is Allah, your Lord! there is no god but He, the Creator of all things: then worship ye Him: and He hath power to dispose of all affairs. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Zalikumullahu Rabbukum* la ilahe illa HU La ilahe illallah. Kelime- tevhid (Words of Unity) always comes with this form in Qur’an Zalikumullahu Rabbukum* Thus is your Rabb Allah!
The verses we tried to translate today were about Allah as definition, come by three passages. 83-90 were explaining about the proofs of Rububiyet. 91 to 94 were about the biggest reflection of Lordship the proofs of Nubuvvet, also known as the proofs of prophethood and 95 to 101st verses gave us the proofs of uluhiyet and vahdaniyet, celestiality and unity. This verse is like a summary or a closing line for all these passages.
Zalikumullahu Rabbukum* That is Allah, your Lord! la ilahe illa HU* there is no god but He haliku kulli shey’in the Creator of all things: fa’buduHU, then worship ye Him: ve HUve ala kulli shey’in Vekiyl and He hath power to dispose of all affairs.
103-) La tudrikuHUl ebsaru ve HUve yudrikul ebsar* ve HUvelLatiyful Habiyr;
Vision (sense perception) perceives Him not but He perceives (evaluates) all that is visible. HU is al-Latif, al-Habir. (A.Hulusi)
No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is Subtle well-aware (of all things). (A.Yusuf Ali)
La tudrikuHUl ebsaru No vision can grasp Him, ve HUve yudrikul ebsar but His grasp is over all vision.
What wonderful expressions, isn’t it dear friends. No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision:
Like we said before, whatever comes to your mind, Allah’s isn’t that. This is an expression surpassing that. An explanation for Allah’s absolute existence on this realm and beyond.
Allah as a being, not only surpasses the horizon of eyes but mind as well. Allah is beyond all humanly possible explanation and thoughts. Creatures cannot graps the concept of creator. How can a limited person be able to understand the infinite.
ve HUvelLatiyful Habiyr He is Subtle well-aware (of all things). Latiyf when used with habir indicates an adjective regarding knowing all things. Latiyf is a reference for unpenetrable. Allah knows all things even things that are tried to conceal unbreakable doors. All your tiniest secrets, the last rooms in your hearts. This is the reflection of Allah’s Latiyf name.
104-) Kad caekum basairu min Rabbikum* femen ebsara feli nefsih* ve men ‘amiye fealeyha* ve ma ene aleykum Bi Hafiyz;
In truth, there has come to you proofs from your Rabb to be evaluated… Whoever evaluates them with insight it is for his own good, and whoever lacks insight it is his loss… I am not a guard over you! (A.Hulusi)
“Now have come to you, from your Lord, proofs (to open your eyes): if any will see, it will be for (the good of) his own soul; if any will be blind, it will be to his own (harm): I am not (here) to watch over your doings.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kad caekum basairu min Rabbikum In truth, there has come to you proofs from your Rabb to be evaluated. The tools of understanding are given to you by your Rabb. This message is like the underlying meaning of the translations we did today. How can someone use the blessing of mind, will and consciousness to good use. We are been told here. If a person wishes to climb the limits of his capacity, he should latch onto his hearts tissues and listen to Allah. Without listening to Allah, one cannot identify himself nor can fully use his own capacity. These verses are the best examples for that.
femen ebsara feli nefsih* ve men ‘amiye fealeyha if any will see, it will be for the good of his own soul; if any will be blind, it will be to his own harm. It’s clear, open. Whoever wishes to see, it’s for his own good. And whoever wishes to close his eyes, it’s for his own harm. You, closing your eyes, cannot hurt the sun. He who closes his eyes to ignore the truth, only makes the world a dungeon, a prison to himself.
ve ma ene aleykum Bi Hafiyz; I am not a guard over you! Here the Hafiyz name can be translated as I’m not an obstacle to you. It means protection and guarding. So the entire message gives us this statement. “Dont expect me to ignore the willpower of yours that I gave you. I gave you will and mind so when you choose to go the other way, don’t expect me to treat you like mindless, weak and powerless creatures and bound you to a static and easy destiny.”
Dear friends, with all due respect I should say this. Animals know their boundries by their leashes, humans know their boundries by their minds. Leash or in literature “Ukal” and mind “Akil” comes from the same roots. But people don’t need leashes. Because we have our own minds. So if a person steps out from his boundries and violate his borders, then he becomes alienated to himself just like a wild animal which snapped its leash.
105-) Ve kezalike nusarriful ayati ve liyekulu dereste ve linubeyyinehu likavmin ya’lemun;
Thus We explain Our signs in many ways, so they say, “You have learnt the requirements” and so We may make it clear for a people who know.
Thus do We explain the Signs by various (ways): that they may say, “Thou hast learnt this (from somebody),” and that We may make the matter clear to those who know. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve kezalike nusarriful ayati ve liyekulu dereste ve linubeyyinehu likavmin ya’lemun Thus We explain Our signs in many ways, so they say, “You have learnt the requirements” and so We may make it clear for a people who know.
liyekulu dereste so they say, “You have learnt the requirements”. The expression of “so they say” is seen as a reference for heathens claims like “You deliver these words from someone else.” Their slanders to Rasulallah. But I don’t see a reasonable motive for such translation. If we take the verse as a whole, I believe we see the message quite clear. The ending gives us linubeyyinehu likavmin ya’lemun and so We may make it clear for a people who know. So this verse shouldn’t be taken as an historical records response but a fully understandable advise. That’s why I don’t remenisce other stories about it.
106-) Ittebi’ ma uhiye ileyke min Rabbike, la ilahe illa HU* ve a’rid anil mushrikiyn;
Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb! There is no god, only HU! Turn away from those with dualistic beliefs! (A.Hulusi)
Follow what thou art taught by inspiration from thy Lord: there is no god but He: and turn aside from those who join gods with Allah. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ittebi’ ma uhiye ileyke min Rabbike Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb!
la ilahe illa HU There is no god, only HU! The greatest truth of all. ve a’rid anil mushrikiyn Turn away from those with dualistic beliefs! This warning is also for all of us, people who carry the celestial message through time.
107-) Velev shaAllahu ma eshreku* ve ma ce’alnake aleyhim hafiyza* ve ma ente aleyhim Bi Vekiyl;
Had Allah willed, they would not have been dualists! We have not placed you as a guardian over them! Nor are you responsible for them (i.e. you are not their representative, and you are not charged with changing or guiding them). (A.Hulusi)
If it had been Allah’s will, they would not have taken false gods: but We made thee not one to watch over their doings, nor art thou set over them to dispose of their affairs. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Velev shaAllahu ma eshreku Had Allah willed, they would not have been dualists! The warning continues here. Allah hadn’t wanted that. What did Allah want? Choices. Allah gave mind, willpower. After that Allah chose not to ignore them. The will was given and then asked to choose. You have the capability of seperating the wrong from right. Use your gifts and earn your prize with your hearts sweat.
ve ma ce’alnake aleyhim hafiyza* We have not placed you as a guardian over them! ve ma ente aleyhim Bi Vekiyl; Nor are you responsible for them.
“Ve ahiru davana velil hamdulillahi rabbil alemiyn” (Jonah/10) “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds!” All products of our claims, causes and lives are for Allah and our last word to our Allah is “Hamd”.