Dear Qur’an friends, in our previous lesson we had translated several verses of An’am Chapter regarding rububiyet, uluhiyet and nubuvvet. (Singularity, unity and prophethood). We had closed our lesson with the 107th verse which informs us about these attributes. Now we will continue our lesson with 108th verse.
108-) Ve la tesubbulleziyne yed’une min dunillahi feyesubbullahe adven Bigayri ‘ilm* kezalike zeyyenna likulli ummetin amelehum summe ila Rabbihim merciuhum feyunebbiuhum Bi ma kanu ya’melun;
Do not revile gods besides Allah… (In response to this) they transgress the boundary and revile Allah out of their ignorance! Thus We made pleasing to every community their deeds… Then to their Rabb is their return… He will inform them of the meaning of all they did. (A.Hulusi)
Revile not ye those whom they call upon besides Allah, lest they out of spite revile Allah in their ignorance. Thus have We made alluring to each people its own doings. In the end will they return to their Lord, and He shall then tell them the truth of all that they did. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve la tesubbulleziyne yed’une min dunillahi feyesubbullahe adven Bigayri ‘ilm Do not revile gods besides Allah… (In response to this) they transgress the boundary and revile Allah out of their ignorance! Who are they? People who don’t accept the invitation of Islam, people who don’t submit to Allah and deitifying other people or objects to replace Allah, people who avoid showing their faith even they are among the people of the book. Don’t talk badly to their gods and revile their beliefs because they might revile back to Allah because of their hatred leading ignorance.
An important moral lesson is given here. Do not revile gods besides Allah… (In response to this) they transgress the boundary and revile Allah out of their ignorance! On the path of truth, two things shouldn’t be included.
Whoever a believer is facing, in which condition they are in, no matter of the vastness of his perversion and herecy, a believers who defend the truth shouldn’t use these tools. From this point of view we understand the reason of this verse.
You might hurt the feelings of the person in front of you. Because you try to deliver the truth to him. Not to offend him, you are trying to earn his heart. Insulting or any invective is unnecessary for a person who defends the truth. Only people who defend the superstitious may use the tools of insulting. It’s a normal reaction really. Because superstitious beliefs don’t have any defendable sides, so whoever tries to defend it, usually uses the method of insulting and belittling to gain the upperhand in a dispute. Since they cannot prove their own cases rightfulness, they attack the other side to prove their might.
But does a man who defend the right need such ways? The truth is all by itself the upperhand. Whoever defends the truth doesn’t need to use any insult. This only hurts the people in front of you, not to mention drift him away from the true path.
Secondly, such arrogant behaviours only encourages the person in front of you to insult your beliefs or the truths you try to defend. Insulting the superstitious isn’t an insult to the truth. It’s something else from the truth to begin with. But insulting something false, not only attack something unworthy by your standards and belittling yourselves in the process, it also opens another door. Taking insults to your faiths and your values. So by making the person ignorant to the truth to insult your values, he evidently reaches to a point where he begin to insult Allah, so whoever opens this door whether he wants it or not, becomes a partner to this sin. That’s why this verse restricts the believers to open this door.
Remember, you cannot find a single insult in Rasulallah’s style to any Meccan heathens or clay idols. No insult or belittling. He only talked the truth, only the truth. Not a single bad attitude to make people turn their backs to him. His compassion and dignity reaches so far, when son of Abu Cehil, Ikrime converted to Islam, Rasulallah forbids the believers to talk badly about Abu Cehil. Just because any bad words might reaches Ikrime and made him feel bad or hurt. The example of Rasulallah sets the greatest tone for all interactions with believers and nonbelievers and how to address them properly.
kezalike zeyyenna likulli ummetin amelehum Thus We made pleasing to every community their deeds…
Normally no one can act with mutual understanding to insulting or blasphemy. A true believer doesn’t have such luxury. But he can understand who a heathen or non-believer tries to resist in blasphemy. Or he should try to understand. Because more a true believer tries to understand the reason of a heathens resistance in blasphemy, more he begin to realize the illuminating explanations of Qur’an on this matter. “Their deeds look pleasing and beautiful to them.”
Most people don’t defend the superstitious by admitting it. Unless their denials are based on stubbornness. They usually believe their beliefs right. But they all assume that only, which is a big problem. This problem starts within the person, when your mind becomes upside down, your moral values, ethic truths follow it, long before your truths become false and falses become truth. These are the results of the gains from enviroment, culture, education, family and personal experiences. That’s how the lifestyles emerge. All things I counted becomes that persons lifestyle. So an understanding that is based on twisted foundations cannot comprehend the truth as one should.
They treated afterlife like it doesn’t exist and to earth they act like they are immortal. They gave the value that should be given to Allah, to other creatures. This is the state of mental crush, Qur’an tells us about these people by saying; “Their actions look fancy and beautiful to them.” This is a psychological evaluation.
summe ila Rabbihim merciuhum at the end they will return to their Rabb. What can change if a man sees all his falses of his actions. It doesn’t change that they are false. It doesn’t change the nature of superstition. Why? Because they will return to Allah at the end. To their Rabb where all things will be evaluated with justice. When they return to their Rabbs they will realize the mistakes they had done.
feyunebbiuhum Bi ma kanu ya’melun; and He shall then tell them the truth of all that they did. The true values of their actions will be told to them. Good of bad. All things they called good, the same things Allah calls bad. All things they dislike, the same things that might lead them to their eternal happiness. Surely regret shall be the center of those peoples emotions when the end comes.
109-) Ve aksemu Billahi cehde eymanihim lein caethum ayetun le yu’minunne Biha* kul innemel ayatu indAllahi ve ma yush’irukum enneha iza caet la yu’minun;
And they swear by Allah with all their might that they will believe if a miracle comes to them. Say, “Miracles are only with Allah”… Are you not aware that they will not believe even if a miracle came to them? (A.Hulusi)
They swear their strongest oaths by Allah, that if a (special) sign came to them, by it they would believe. Say: “Certainly (all) Signs are in the power of Allah: but what will make you (Muslims) realize that (even) if (special) signs came, they will not believe.”? (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve aksemu Billahi cehde eymanihim lein caethum ayetun le yu’minunne Biha And they swear by Allah with all their might that they will believe if a miracle comes to them.
These type of people, leave the understanding of life on one side, the same life they live in with countless miracles in every second of it and they expect extraordinary miracles from Allah. Special treatment. This is also like this. They try to personalize prophethood as well the truth. They want Allah, prophets and the entire existence trying to work for them, trying to convince them.
Surely they don’t have that kind of right. Because if a person manages to open his heart to Allah, the heart itself becomes a miracle. He himself becomes a miracle. All verses in Qur’an are already miracles both singular ad as a whole. Ayetun. This is the word I translated as miracle. It has the meanings of both verse, miracle, sign and message. As in for those who ask for a miracle from Allah, revelations are the greates examples. So if a person cannot be convinced by them, what kind of miracle manages to reach that mind. The verse also says they swear. They swear by Allah with all their might that they will believe if a miracle comes to them. Qur’an answers them.
kul innemel ayatu indAllah Say, “Miracles are only with Allah” It’s like this. It isn’t said that Rasulallah wasn’t given any miracles. It is said that prophets cannot show miracles with their own will. They couldn’t create miracles whenever they want. Miracle by definition also shows the prophet weak. It’s in the meaning. Miracle, the thing that makes people feel small.
Every miracle happens within the borders of Sunnetullah, the principles Allah made on creation. And sunnetullah never changes.
Not a single thing might occur against sunnetullah. But at this point when heathens asking for a miracle, Meccan traders asking for a miracle from Rasulallah, that was exactly what they were asking. As in, “We don’t accept these verses, these signs from Allah. We don’t believe that they are from Allah.” Maybe not by tongue but by intentions they were saying these. Because if they did, they wouldn’t asked for extra miracles. That’s why Allah evaluates the situation like this and it is presented as a resistance on denial.
ve ma yush’irukum enneha iza caet la yu’minun Are you not aware that they will not believe even if a miracle came to them?
Qur’an says openly that even if a miracle came to them, they wouldn’t believe it, because there were many examples happened before that to prove. Previous prophets and their communities, what had they done when they saw a miracle? They called their prophets sorcerer. They didn’t believe them again. Because they thought their problem was somewhere outside but in fact it was within their own souls. They insist on denial hence they denied the miracle they saw with their own eyes.
So what happens after that? lekudiyel emr (En’am/8) the bill comes due says Qur’an. They were put down. A miracle is a no return path. If a community asks for a miracle and a miracle is delivered and they still insist on denial, the wrath comes next. That’s why Rasulallah always stood against heathens demands for miracle. Because he knew well that if they insist on denial after they see a miracle, their fates would have been sealed forever.
110-) Ve nukallibu ef’idetehum ve ebsarehum kema lem yu’minu Bihi evvele merretin ve nezeruhum fiy tugyanihim ya’mehun;
And thus We will lock their hearts (the reflector of the Names to the consciousness – heart neurons) and their eyes (ability to perceive and evaluate) just as they refused to believe before (the miracle came)! And We will leave them on their own in their transgression, wandering blindly! (A.Hulusi)
We (too) shall turn to (confusion) their hearts and their eyes, even as they refused to believe in this in the first instance: We shall leave them in their trespasses, to stumble blindly. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve nukallibu ef’idetehum ve ebsarehum And thus We will lock their hearts and their eyes.
What sort of lock, what sort of turn into confusion this is? Their eyes might still look but their hearts cannot see. Their gaze for the truth is closed as well as their hearts. When hearts turn, they cannot hear Hakk, they cannot feel Hakk. This is a state of ensealment. In another verse we hear, ..tabeAllahu ala kulubihim.. (Tevbe/93) Allah sealed their hearts. This is a turnaround. Because if a heart turns upside down, it begins to see the right as wrong and wrong as right. Just like Abu Cehil and Abu Bekirs perspectives.
Abu Cehil comes and says “O Muhammad. I cannot find an uglier person on earth. You are a disaster.”
Abu Bekir comes the same day and says, “O Muhammad. My mother and father, all for you. What a lovely sight you are.”
This is a perspective thing. It a matter of how and where from you choose to look. If satan rules over hearts capital, person only see from the point where satan tells him.
If faith rules a persons heart, he begins to see from the point Allah asks him to. So naturally the same things might seem totally different based on the point of view and who give that perspective in the first place.
kema lem yu’minu Bihi evvele merre What was the beginning of the verse saying? We turned their hearts and eyes back. Just like at first, the position they stayed unbelieving. As in before the revelations, before the signs, before they reached the level of education. And now they are blind, deaf and heartless like they are never talked by Allah or they were never met a prophet. This evvela merratin expression points out this first state of mind and says it isn’t changed for them. Most things actually did change. But since their perspective stayed the same, so do everything else in their lives stayed equally the same.
Sunrise on earth isn’t enough to convince you that earth isn’t a dungeon for you. You should open your eyes as well. If the sun rises but you insist on shutting your eyes closed, earth remains dark for you. It’s still night for you. In order to open your eyes, Allah’s will should reach you. The rule of salvation lies by opening a persons eyes of willpower.
ve nezeruhum fiy tugyanihim ya’mehun; And We will leave them on their own in their transgression, wandering blindly.
Those who want to transgress, are let. Those who wants to reach the true path, are also given their chances. This is a reason and consequence kind of situation. This is what’s been told here.
ve nezeruhum fiy tugyanihim ya’mehun; And We will leave them on their own in their transgression, wandering blindly. By saying this Allah also says, “They insist on closing their eyes so we let them turn their lives into a dungeon full of agony.”
This is a law. A psychological law. If you open your hearts to the truth, salvation comes from that door. If you open your eyes to the truth, light comes through and you begin to see. If you open your ears, you begin to hear, you begin to take soundwaves into your ears. If you close your ears, it doesn’t mean that sound isn’t there. Sound has no responsibility over your inability of hearing. Because you are the one who close your earts. That’s why it is said; summun bukmun ‘umyun fehum la ya’kilun; (Baqarah/171) You acted like deaf, mute and blind and there’s no turning back. So all these expressions should be taken within the lines of natural existence and its law of reason and consequences. That’s how they can be understood as they should.
111-) Ve lev ennena nezzelna ileyhimul Melaikete ve kelemmehumul mevta ve hasherna aleyhim kulle shey’in kubulen ma kanu liyu’minu illa en yeshaAllahu ve lakinne ekserehum yechelun;
If We had revealed angels to them and if the dead spoke to them and if We made them experience every stage of life after death (life after the biological body ceases to exist) they would still not believe, unless Allah should will… But most of them live in ignorance! (A.Hulusi)
Even if We did send unto them angels, and the dead did speak unto them, and We gathered together all things before their very eyes, they are not the ones to believe, unless it is in Allah’s Plan. But most of them ignore (the truth). (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve lev ennena nezzelna ileyhimul Melaikete Even if We did send unto them angels,ve kelemmehumul mevta and the dead did speak unto them ve hasherna aleyhim kulle shey’in kubulen and We gathered together all things before their very eyes, ma kanu liyu’minu illa en yeshaAllahu they are not the ones to believe, unless it is in Allah’s Plan.
What a clear and equally terrifying truth. I just explained what it means the expression of “They don’t believe unless Allah wants them to.” So a question comes up. When can Allah will this? Or more importantly “What can we do so that Allah wills for us?” This is an important question. Allah wills only a person wishes for the true path. That’s why this expression reflects the truth in all its perspectives.
What is this wishing then? Willpower. Allah gives us this willpower so salvation lies within the path of using our willpower for the true path.
So humans cannot dismiss the willpower that they took from Allah. Also we cannot expect Allah to dismiss our willpower, the same attribute Allah gave us in the first place. You be a being of will, you be a human and then you ask Allah to count you among the powerless creatures. No Allah is the one who respects humans will the most. So if anyone says “You gave me this willpower so dismiss my behaviours because I don’t use it.” it would be an insult both to Allah and himself.
Also being blind because one doesn’t want to see, being deaf because one doesn’t want to hear. This is the psychological law that Allah puts, the verse gives us this hint again here.
ve lakinne ekserehum yechelun; But most of them ignore the truth. Why do they ignore the truth? Since they don’t use the will that Allah blessed them with, they ignore the fact that Allah may open the door if they just bother knocking. That’s why in the end, they shamelessly try to blame Allah for their own sins.
Another truth they ignore on this matter, the verse explains. They cannot understand the standing reason of their denials either. Because mind doesn’t work if it feels threatened. This is the problem here.
Why does Allah ask for faith from humanity? What can Allah gain from that? Nothing. But let’s thing the other way around. What can Allah lose if everyone deny Allah altogether? Still nothing. But there should be something comes out from faith, otherwise Allah wouldn’t order something like this? So who can gain from this since Allah doesn’t order something useless? Humanity have. People who show their faith have gains from this fact.
So another question pop sup. What can humanity gain from faith. There are several answers for this question. First of all, faith gives mind the feeling of trust. Mind cannot act properly if it doesn’t feel safe. That’s why people cannot think straight when they are startled. This is the law of mind.
In this passage we are constantly reminded of laws. Psychological laws, salvation laws of Allah, the working principles of soul and mind. That’s why the last sentence is a warning here. ve lakinne ekserehum yechelun; But most of them ignore the truth.
112-) Ve kezalike cealna likulli Nebiyyin aduvven sheyatiynel’insi vel cinni yuhiy ba’duhum illa ba’din zuhrufel kavli gurura* velev shae Rabbuke ma fealuhu, fezerhum ve ma yefterun;
And thus We made enemies for every Nabi (the informer of the eternal life) – devils from among mankind (those who confine their existence to their body alone and live in pursuit of their bodily pleasures) and jinn… Some of them disclose decorative speech to others to deceive them! If your Rabb willed, they would not do that… So, leave them in that which they invent! (A.Hulusi)
Likewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy,- evil ones among men and Jinns, inspiring each other with flowery discourses by way of deception. If thy Lord had so willed, they would not have done it: so leave them and what they forge. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve kezalike cealna likulli Nebiyyin aduvven sheyatiynel’insi vel cinni Likewise did We make for every Messenger an enemy,- evil ones among men (visible folk) and Jinns (invisible folk)
The word Vel Cinn here can be translated as invisible creatures again. So I should rephrase the sencence like this. “Evil ones among the men and invisible forces who act in the name of evil.” So the reason behind Vel Cinn phrase is for the evil natures invisible forces, not good natured. sheyatiynel’insi vel cinni men and djinns who turn evil means exactly that. We made enemies among them for every prophet.
Think that this verse had brought down at the final phase of Mecca era. Rasulallah was about to migrate Madina. He literally finished all he could do and there was no hope. Mecca was out of reach. All people who may accept the invitation of Islam had come, the rest are the broken rocks, dead, so to speak. They were closed by all aspects.
Our Rabb helps his Messenger and explains personally the situation. Why they become like this? Rasulallah tried to explain the community over and over about the signs, reaching the very limits of his patience and still they insist on denial. When Rasulallah got confused on their mindless resistance, the verse gave him the answer he seek, “This wasn’t only for you. This is the natures law for everyone who reach the position of prophethood. All prophets who takes the job of invitation to true path shall have enemies among men and invisible creatures, they are the instruments of evil.”
Of course this verses area isn’t limited with the first reader, all people who accepts the role of delivering the message of salvation, every true believer who walks and invites other to the true path shall take lessons from this verse. Since you try to carry the eternal message on earth, know that you the law shall find you and you will encounter evil individuals in front of you. They try everything to make you stop because this is the nature of it.
So our Rabb explains the law to his prophet here. Allah says, “This isn’t happening only to you. All prophets and all missionaries, all people who accepts the role of inviting people to Allah shall and will find enemies among men and djinns who serve evil.”
yuhiy ba’duhum illa ba’din zuhrufel kavli gurura inspiring each other with flowery discourses by way of deception.
Look at the magnificent expression of the verse, dear Qur’an friends. For the purpose of deception, they give theories of bright and flowery paths, so that they can convince.
I want to make a reference to the sentence of evil men and invisible beings here. For manking, ego takes the role of satan, driving men to negative poles, tempting desires and instincts. Because of that ego frequently uses these types of bright and shiny thoughts, theories with whispers.
Here we also see the word yuhiy. It comes from the same root as vahiy, revelations. It reveals, sort of an anti verse. Allah delivers the signs of truth, satan and his followers delivers the signs of falsehood. Allah promises eternal joy but other side promises desires, tyranny, lust and indecency. Here we are told the difference between these two revelations and the message continues here.
If you follow their shiny and bright theories, you turn your faces from the truth. Because the truth is plain, it’s not that mysterious or interesting. For one, truth isn’t new. Truth is the name of the oldest values of humanity ndlife. So, hearing something new, something that nobody heard about before doesn’t mean it is something good. All prophets had arrived with the same motto. “I don’t deliver something new from my previous brothers. I am here to validate the previous message that was delivered to you. I’m just a reminder of truth that was given to you and forgotten by you before. So that you may remember again.”
That’s why prophets aren’t creators or changers. They are the reminders, warners. They warn us about the things we forgot. That’s also the reason why another of revelations name is zikr, repetation. Why, because it reminds humanity of his grace. Nothing new, no invitation to a new movement. All revelations have one purpose and one purpose only. Come to your senses.
velev shae Rabbuke ma fealuhu If your Rabb willed, they would not do that. We see another reference for all those celestial laws here. If your Rabb willed, they would not do that. What can we understand from that? First of Allah, our Rabb hadn’t willed that. As in Allah hadn’t willed their choices are their own, others wouldn’t follow their shiny theories. They wouldn’t be able to find customers for the false dreams they sell. But Allah hadn’t willed that. Allah willed for willpower, respected our choices. Willpower is given to mankind and choices are set in front of us.
Imma shakiran ve imma kefura Whether you thank or blaspheme. Make your choice. This is the will of Allah.
Based on this fact, we might also say this. There will always be evil theories and ideologies. Always systems of evil contraptions, demonic thoughts will exist. So a true believer cannot be fooled with mere dreams of this world. There will always be thorns in this rose garden. Naturally it’s up to us to think about the reason of Allah for reminding us this fact. The reason is this. Mankind, do your duty. Take responsibility of your faith and do your duties on earth. You don’t have a mission to clear out all the thorns on earth. You should try to be a rose. If your Rabb had willed, this wouldn’t happen. But according to natures law, this is the way Allah willed it.
fezerhum ve ma yefterun; Then stay away from them and their made up theories. Yefterun word can be translated like this, made up. Almost every ideologies that derailed humanity, were based on made up theories. If you study them carefully, you can see how those thoughts and lifestyles treat people, or made them treat themselves like.
Think about Freud or Darwin. Think about Nietche and his thoughts. Or better yet, think about Marx’s ideology and how it was taken as a whole by Stalin administration. How a made up story ended up creating a mass genocide for at least 30 million people. Made up ideologies and their small minded followers, End result, devastation.
fezerhum ve ma yefterun; Then stay away from them and their made up theories. Leave them to their superstitions. Let them be.
113-) Ve li tesga ileyhi ef’idetulleziyne la yu’minune Bil ahireti ve li yerdavhu ve liyakterifu ma hum mukterifun;
In order that the hearts (the reflectors of the Names to the consciousness – neurons in the heart) of those who do not believe in the eternal life to come, will incline toward it (deception) and delight in it, and hence continue doing what they are doing. (A.Hulusi)
To such (deceit) let the hearts of those incline, who have no faith in the hereafter: let them delight in it, and let them earn from it what they may. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve li tesga ileyhi ef’idetulleziyne la yu’minune Bil ahireti Their motives are- this is the follow up for the previous verse. Their motives, their reasons for creating such glorified bedazzled theories are to lure people who don’t believe in afterlife to their traps. There’s a peculiar explanation here for that. la yu’minune Bil ahireti who have no faith in the hereafter: let them delight in it. From this sentence we can clearly understand that the faith of afterlife is like a shield, an armor for such shiny but underlyingly terrifying thoeries.
Why? Simple. For example Marx had created his theory on what basis? A life without forward, a life but only in this world. He promised heaven on earth, a life which the class of workers are in command. He created a symbolic utopia and invited people to that world. For his opinion this was the only way people can be happy. But this ideology lacked afterlife and only tried to created perfect life on earth, hence the term utopia.
On the opposite side, capitalism tried to do the same thing with different methods. Although Keynes’s theory was the exact opposite of Marx’s ideology, both currents wanted the same thing. Creating paradise. Creating more, consumig more and by this circle elevating humans quality of life. Whatever the cost might be. You might steal others force, you might usurp others rights. Basically your happiness depends on other peoples misery. So what’s tye value of that? Just because you want your lifestyle to be perfect, what’s the harm of starving 100 million kids to death? This is the logic, a logic without the thought of afterlife. So can a believer fall into this trap? No, he immediately realizes the the real danger here.
Liberalism is the same. Everything should be free. It looks good on paper. Though almost every ideology represents the truth in its own twisted way. But it’s the unseen or rather ignored truths that lead other people to their disasters.
ve li yerdavhu ve liyakterifu ma hum mukterifun; and let them earn from it what they may.
Iktiraf means the shell, crust of a wound in arabic language. Also the crust of a tree comes from the same root. So the message can be taken like this. People might be crumbled like crust, so be it. That’s how we seperate the bad from the good. Says Rabb of All Worlds.
114-) EfegayrAllahi ebtegiy hakemen ve HUvelleziy enzele ileykumul Kitabe mufassala* velleziyne ateynahumul Kitabe ya’lemune ennehu munezzelun min Rabbike Bil Hakki, fela tekunenne minel mumteriyn;
Shall I seek a judge other than Allah when He has revealed to you the knowledge of the reality and sunnatullah (Book) in detail? Those to whom We have given the Book know that it is revealed from their Rabb in Truth… Do not be of those who doubt! (A.Hulusi)
Say: “Shall I seek for judge other than Allah? – when He it is Who hath sent unto you the Book, explained in detail.” They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it hath been sent down from thy Lord in truth. Never be then of those who doubt. (A.Yusuf Ali)
EfegayrAllahi ebtegiy hakemen ve HUvelleziy enzele ileykumul Kitabe mufassala Say: “Shall I seek for judge other than Allah? – when He it is Who has sent unto you the Book, explained in detail.”
This is the main objective here in fact. Zemahsheri delivers the word “Mufassal” as a scale to seperate right from wrong. Mufassala, the attribute of this book, seperator of good and bad. So in this case we can understand the verse like this. We already have Signs to seperate right from wrong, so why should we begin to search new measures in this case? Should we look for better referees while we have the best?
What’s the meaning of this? This is leaving Allah, denying Allah’s right to differanciate right from wrong, trying to usurp to authority of Allah and giving it to someone else or using it yourselves. Whoever this authority is assigned to, it becomes the center of shirq. Because this authority only belongs to Allah.
velleziyne ateynahumul Kitabe ya’lemune ennehu munezzelun min Rabbike Bil Hakki They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it has been sent down from your Rabb in truth. People who were entrusted with Signs before, people who were addressed with celestial messages earlier, decent believers of the Book were confessing that these are really the Signs, they are from Allah indeed. Among them most decent ones submit themselves to Allah without hesitation. Abdullah Bin Selam, Muhayrik and others. Or that Jewish scholar who gave his entire wealth to Rasulallah for the preparation of Uhud Battle.
They were confessing. Some confess but some still resist on denial. They know well that this book contains the true message and yet they willingly and knowingly resist on denial.
fela tekunenne minel mumteriyn; Never be then of those who doubt.
115-) Ve temmet kelimetu Rabbike sidkan ve adla* la mubeddile li kelimatiHI, ve HuvesSemiy’ul ‘Aliym;
The word of your Rabb has been confirmed and eventuated, as it deserves! None can alter his words… HU is the Sami, the Aleem! (A.Hulusi)
The Word of thy Lord doth find its fulfillment in truth and in justice: None can change His Words: for He is the One who heareth and knoweth all. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve temmet kelimetu Rabbike sidkan ve adla* The word of your Rabb has been confirmed and eventuated, as it deserves! This sentence is for all of us. What is our Rabb’s promise? la mubeddile li kelimatiHI None can change His Words.
Here the words can also be translated as promises. All verses in Bible regarding the arrival of our Prophet Rasulallah are pointed out by this promise. I believe it has a reference for this too in this verse.
ve HuvesSemiy’ul ‘Aliym for He is the One who hears and knows all.
116-) Ve in tuti’ eksere men fiyl Ardi yudilluke an sebiylillah* in yettebi’une illazzanne ve in hum illa yahrusun;
If you follow the majority of those on earth they will mislead you from the way of Allah… They only follow their assumptions and talk without thinking! (A.Hulusi)
Wert thou to follow the common run of those on earth, they will lead thee away from the way of Allah. They follow nothing but conjecture: they do nothing but lie. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve in tuti’ eksere men fiyl Ardi yudilluke an sebiylillah If you follow the majority of those on earth they will mislead you from the way of Allah.
Dear Qur’an friends, this verse addressed the prophet at first. It says exactly what it is. If you follow the majority of those on earth they will mislead you from the way of Allah. What really said here is the oldest truth of humanity. Don’t submit yourself to majorities choices. Don’t think about quantity, think about quality. Remember 244, 249 and 250th verses in Baqarah chapter, the ones about Talut.
..kem min fietin kaliyletin galebet fieten kesiyraten Bi iznillah.. (Baqarah/249) How oft, by Allah’s will, hath a small force vanquished a big one? Allah is with those who steadfastly persevere.”
Here there is two distinct concept. Qur’an seperates them to different sides. Ekserunnas-Ulul elbab.
Ekserunnas majority of people, crowds, masses. If you follow them, it’s obvious where they take you and where you end up.
Ulul elbab; thinkers, people who realizes the importance of pure mind. They were never be the majority of earth. This is the law of it. The law of truth. Moving on.
in yettebi’une illazzanne Qur’an continues to give information about the ongoing attributes of crowds. They follow nothing but conjecture. Zanne can also be translated as assumption or superstition. They all have the same nature. Crowds, masses, people without the ability of thinking usually follow conjectural paths. The next sentence is also interesting.
ve in hum illa yahrusun; And talk without thinking! Or we should say they act with the natural feeling of crowd psychology. Here the word Yahrusun is appropriate to be used like this. Because we are mostly talk about greed and ambition here. Haris means a person who acts with his instincts never to think about anything else. Following instincts doesn’t mean that a person has natural born with mind and use it to reach Allah, it’s about following the rules of huge groups since it’s nature’s law. That’s greed, also acting without thinking.
Wherever the masses take you, you walk there without questioning. Wherever they stay, you stay there. In this case your truths become the headcount. But in reality never be the headcount is the scale of truth. This is only the reign of numbers on earth. But reign of numbers is definitely not the reign of truth. You cannot rely on numbers against the force of truth.
117-) Inne Rabbeke HUve a’lemu men yedillu an sebiyliHI, ve HUve a’lemu Bil muhtediyn;
Indeed, your Rabb is HU! He knows best who goes astray! HU; the One who knows best those who experience the reality…(A.Hulusi)
Thy Lord knoweth best who strayeth from His Way: He knoweth best those who are rightly guided. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Inne Rabbeke HUve a’lemu men yedillu an sebiyliHI, ve HUve a’lemu Bil muhtediyn Your Rabb knows best who strays from His Way: He knows best those who are rightly guided.
118-) Fekulu mimma zukiresmullahi aleyhi in kuntum Bi ayatiHI mu’miniyn;
If you are of those who believe in His existence apparent in His signs (the manifestations of His Names) then eat of those things upon which the Name of Allah is mentioned! (A.Hulusi)
So eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath been pronounced, if ye have faith in His Signs. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Fekulu mimma zukiresmullahi aleyhi Although this verse might seem to take the passage to another point, it’s actually very related and connected to the previous passage. So eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name has been pronounced.
To understand the meaning of a speech, you must first realize why it is formed. Unless we understand this properly, the real meaning might slip away.
So why is there a warning like this here, what’s it against. It’s against people who forbid things to themselves. It’s violating Allah’s rights of determining right and wrong. It says these things are good and others bad. So he might create extra restrictions. Extra forbidden acts from normal casual things. Like you cannot eat those. Why? We understand the reason from above. In order to follow the ruling of crowds. This is the connection we talk about.
So eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name has been pronounced, in kuntum Bi ayatiHI mu’miniyn if you have faith in His Signs.
Qur’an takes the act of inflation in religion as the same with not believing the sign. Creating extra laws is exactly that. That’s why it says, if you believe with all your hearts, don’t create additional restrictions to yourselves. Eat what Allah has given permission. Naturally these extra restrictions are all about superstitions. I just answer the reason of such behaviour.
Let’s pull an example from the age of happiness. There was a tribe came to Rasulallah to declare their initiation or convertion to Islam in the 9.th year. When they came to Rasulallah, he made an interesting condition though. “If you don’t eat hearts (of animals)i your faiths won’t count. You might ask here what’s the connection between faith and eating heart. Well, those tribe declared themselves tham eating an animals heart even as sacrificial ones, bad. Here we should understand the great depth of Rasulallah’s perception. We should feel the weight of this sentence. If you don’t eat hearts, your faiths won’t count. It’s not the same as saying, “You won’t be muslim unless you eat hearts.” No, it’s this. “By setting this rule to yourselves, you overstep the rights of Allah for declaring right and wrong. You tried to ban a normal things that Allah lets you.” Otherwise a person might not like the taste, that’s not the problem here. We will understand this message clearers a bit later.
119-) Ve ma lekum ella te’kulu mimma zukiresmullahi aleyhi ve kad fassale lekum ma harreme aleykum illa madturirtum ileyhi, ve inne kesiyren leyudillune Bi ehvaihim Bi gayri ‘ilm* inne Rabbeke HUve a’lemu Bil mu’tediyn;
Unless you are forced to out of need, why do you not eat the things upon which the name of Allah is uttered, when He has informed you in detail of the things He has prohibited to you? Indeed, most of them go astray (deviate the matter) ignorantly, with baseless ideas! Certainly, HU, your Rabb, knows best the transgressors. (A.Hulusi)
Why should ye not eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath been pronounced, when He hath explained to you in detail what is forbidden to you – except under compulsion of necessity? But many do mislead (men) by their low desires without knowledge. Thy Lord knoweth best those who transgress. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve ma lekum ella te’kulu mimma zukiresmullahi aleyhi ve kad fassale lekum ma harreme aleykum illa madturirtum ileyhi Unless you are forced to out of need, why do you not eat the things upon which the name of Allah is uttered, when He has informed you in detail of the things He has prohibited to you?
Here we understand that Allah forbade somethings. We also understand that if something should be restricted, it should be explained. That’s why the fundamental rule of Islamic sheria is freedom. Permission. One shall not search for a proof for good. If there’s no rule about something, it is permitted. Sin however are with proof. If there’s a proof of a sin, then the rule stands out. That’s why el asl fil eshya ibahatun principle says this. The most importand rule of things is freedom.
There’s another expression here, I don’t know if you catch it or not. “Things have been informed to you in detail.” Why is there a saying like this here. It is revealed in 114-116 verse of Nahl chapter. An’am and Nahl chapters were brought down at almost the same time period. That’s why most verses have resemblences among each others.
ve inne kesiyren leyudillune Bi ehvaihim Bi gayri ‘ilm But most people lead others to wrong paths with conjectures of others, without based on real facts on this matter. Here the message says there’s no right knowledge in their arsenal. That’s why the saying explains a lot for situations like this. “Ignorants make discount in religion, ignorant fundamentalists make additions to religion.”
inne Rabbeke HUve a’lemu Bil mu’tediyn; Your Rabb knows best those who transgress.
120-) Ve zeru zahirel ismi ve batineh* innelleziyne yeksibunel isme seyuczevne Bi ma kanu yakterifun;
In regards to the things Allah has forbidden, abandon both the apparent ones and the conceptual ones… Indeed, those who commit mistakes will definitely live the consequences of their actions. (A.Hulusi)
Eschew all sin, open or secret: those who earn sin will get due recompense for their “earnings.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve zeru zahirel ismi ve batineh In regards to the things Allah has forbidden, abandon both the apparent ones and the conceptual ones. This verse can also be taken like this. Making discounts in religion is open sin, making additions to religion is concealed sin. It’s only natural that making additional rules to Islam and trying to follow that make a person feel more religious. But in fact it might lead a man to sin territory. I believe we might take this path as concealed sin path.
innelleziyne yeksibunel isme seyuczevne Bi ma kanu yakterifun those who earn sin will get due recompense for their “earnings.”
121-) Ve la te’kulu mimma lem yuzkerismullahi aleyhi ve innehu lefisk* ve innesheyatiyne leyuhune ila evliyaihim li yucadilukum* ve in eta’tumuhum innekum le mushrikun;
Do not eat of the things upon which the name of Allah is not uttered. That is definitely corruption (of faith)! Indeed, the devils incite their friends to struggle with you… If you follow them, you will definitely be of the dualists. (A.Hulusi)
Eat not of (meats) on which Allah’s name hath not been pronounced: That would be impiety. But the evil ones ever inspire their friends to contend with you if ye were to obey them, ye would indeed be Pagans. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve la te’kulu mimma lem yuzkerismullahi aleyhi ve innehu lefisk Do not eat of the things upon which the name of Allah is not uttered. That is definitely corruption. Do not eat of the things upon which the name of Allah is not uttered, it says.
Actually if we seperate the concept from the opposition, we might understand the situation better. The message for things upon which the name of Allah is not said are actually the sacrifices made for things other than Allah. Because in Mecca blasphemers usually were making sacrifices in the name of their idols. If we think this verse with the third verse of Maida chapter we might understand it better.
..ve ma uhille li gayrillahi Bihi.. How? There were restrictions mentioned. It says dead meat, more truly the meat of a dead animal, pig meat… There are several types and the last one, the fourth one is the meat of animals sacrificed in the name of something other than Allah, there are the 4 types of sins. Because of the thin line here most translators reach a conclusion that even if an animal wasn’t cut down for something or someone specifically, if it was slaughtered for meat purposes, it can be counted as permitted consumption. One can forget the use the name of Allah when he hunts an animal, or there might be a mass factorial line where animals should be prepared fast. These types of meats are considered permitted by many scholars. Because in the nature of things, the main concept is freedom.
ve innesheyatiyne leyuhune ila evliyaihim li yucadilukum* Indeed, the devils incite their friends to struggle with you… ve in eta’tumuhum innekum le mushrikun; If you follow them, you will definitely be of the dualists.
If you follow them, you will definitely be of the dualists. If you hesitate on determining right and wrong and accept other peoples rights and wrongs for moral situations, if you give the authority of determining right and wrong to others by removing the authority from the rightful owner Allah, then you will definitely be with the heathens. This is not my assumption, this is the exact verse fort his situation.
122-) Evemen kane meyten feahyeynahu ve ce’alna lehu nuren yemshiy Bihi fiynNasi kemen meseluhu fiyz zulumati leyse Bi haricin minha* kezalike zuyyine lilkafiriyne ma kanu ya’melun;
Can the one who We enliven (with the knowledge of the reality) while he is dead and to whom We give the Nur of insight with which he can live among people be equal to the one who is left in darkness from which he can never escape? Thus the deeds of those who deny the knowledge of the reality have been made to seem pleasing to them. (A.Hulusi)
Can he who was dead, to whom We gave life, and a Light whereby he can walk amongst men, be like him who is in the depths of darkness, from which he can never come out? Thus to those without faith their own deeds seem pleasing. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Evemen kane meyten feahyeynahu ve ce’alna lehu nuren yemshiy Bihi fiynNasi Can he who was dead, to whom We gave life, and a Light whereby he can walk amongst men
Qur’an shakes our world of concepts, dear friends. The message of verse talks about death. He who was dead and we gave life. Qur’an doesn’t see the concept of life and death as we do. It’s completely different. Who is dead, who is alive in your book? Well, Qur’an calls alive to the ones you call dead.
For example martyrs are dead in our concepts but Qur’an calls them alive. Qur’an says exactly this. That’s why we should rethink our definitions according to Qur’an, we should adjust our perspectives align to Qur’an. Do you look where Qur’an wants you to look, because only then you might see all those dead and decaying people you thought they are still alive. This is the message here, evaluate your perspectives. What meaning do you give to life. Who is alive and who is dead really.
That person live a charming life. Is he though, ask Allah about him. According to Allah, that person might be long gone. This passage is all about it. He who was dead, to whom We gave life, and a Light whereby he can walk amongst men.
kemen meseluhu fiyz zulumati leyse Bi haricin minha be like him who is in the depths of darkness, from which he can never come out? Two people, two distinct types. One who is blessed with light by Allah and the other is buried under darkness and lost. Very interesting.We could add this here. He who has no chance of getting out from darkness. Because as a news of Nefy, the word “Bi haricin” starts with “B”. It indicates a point of no return. They are engulfed by their own darknesses says Qur’an.
kezalike zuyyine lilkafiriyne ma kanu ya’melun; Thus to those without faith their own deeds seem pleasing.
This psychological law comes again. Don’t ask for the reason. Or better yet don’t say something like “These are smart people, because they have money. If they weren’t that smart they wouldn’t be comfortable like this. They wouldn’t come to power as they are now.”
If you think something like this remember, those things you hold dear, those money and power, those are the reason what maket hem dead according to Allah. Allah doesn’t give any values to such things. Allah check only the stance of a person in front of the truth. So when you evaluate them, don’t forget that all those shiny and beautiful things, their own deeds seem pleasing. They might seem smart but in reality they defend the wrong as right. They defend the ugly because that’s their own beauty. Evil turned their minds upside down. Or we should say, they deitify their own instincts and egos. That’s why they look from the perspective which satan tells them to look, not from Allah’s perspective.
123-) Ve kezalike ce’alna fiy kulli karyetin ekabira mucrimiyha liyemkuru fiyha* ve ma yemkurune illa Bi enfusihim ve ma yesh’urun;
Thus We have placed leaders (of crime) in every city as criminals so they conspire within… But they conspire against none but themselves, yet they are unaware! (A.Hulusi)
Thus have We placed leaders in every town, its wicked men, to plot (and burrow) therein: but they only plot against their own souls, and they perceive it not. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve kezalike ce’alna fiy kulli karyetin ekabira mucrimiyha liyemkuru fiyha Thus have We placed leaders in every town, its wicked men, to plot (and burrow) therein: Look at the detail here, dear Qur’an friends. What’s it saying? In every country, we take wicked men, crooks, criminals and placed them as the leaders of those grounds. We annoint them their head figures, this is the end of communities which lose their ways and ability to calculate. Heads become tails and tails become heads. Most vulgar, most disgusting, immoral and evil figures becomes their leaders. Their whole lives become upside down. Moving on.
ve ma yemkurune illa Bi enfusihim ve ma yesh’urun but they only plot against their own souls, and they perceive it not.
124-) Ve iza caethum ayetun kalu len nu’mine hatta nu’ta misle ma utiye Rusulullah* Allahu a’lemu haysu yec’alu risaleteHU, seyusiybulleziyne ecramu sagarun indAllahi ve azabun shediydun Bi ma kanu yemkurun;
When a proof comes to them, they say, “We will never believe until we are given like that which was given to the Rasuls of Allah”… Allah knows best where to manifest His reality! The criminals will be subject to debasement and severe suffering from Allah for what they used to conspire! (A.Hulusi)
When there comes to them a Sign (from Allah), they say: “We shall not believe until we receive one (exactly) like those received by Allah’s messengers.” Allah knoweth best where (and how) to carry out His mission. Soon will the wicked be overtaken by humiliation before Allah, and a severe punishment, for all their plots. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve iza caethum ayetun kalu len nu’mine hatta nu’ta misle ma utiye Rusulullah When a proof comes to them, they say, “We will never believe until we are given like that which was given to the Rasuls of Allah”.
Don’t think this part is irrelevant from the message. It’s only natural that the wicked group comes to power, they become jealous of prophets and trying to pose as them.
Since they are the evil wicked types, they begin to imitate prophets and begin to dress like them. They even try to create a false myth around his life, trying to be mysterious. Even after his death, he orders his grave like prophets resting places. Those people don’t need to say it out loud that they are prophets, their lives do it for them.
Allahu a’lemu haysu yec’alu risaleteHU, Allah knows best where to manifest His reality! seyusiybulleziyne ecramu sagarun indAllahi from Allah for what they used to conspire ve azabun shediydun Bi ma kanu yemkurun The criminals will be subject to debasement and severe suffering.
This is the end of all evil individuals who create their power via lies, tricks and cheatings. If you want proof, just look at worlds history.
125-) Femen yuridillahu en yehdiyehu yeshrah sadrehu li’lIslam* ve men yurid en yudillehu yec’al sadrehu dayyikan harecen keennema yassa’adu fiys Sema’* kezalike yec’alullahurricse alelleziyne la yu’minun;
And whomsoever Allah wills the realization of his essential reality, He opens his breast (his innermost comprehension) to Islam (to the consciousness of his submission) and whomsoever He wills to lead astray, He makes his breast tight and constricted, as though he were laboriously climbing into the sky! Thus Allah debases those who do not believe! (A.Hulusi)
Those whom Allah willeth to guide,- He openeth their breast to Islam; those whom He willeth to leave straying,- He maketh their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies: thus doth Allah lay abomination on those who refuse to believe. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Femen yuridillahu en yehdiyehu yeshrah sadrehu li’lIslam Those whom Allah wills to guide,- He opens their breast to Islam. Widens their chests for submission.
ve men yurid en yudillehu yec’al sadrehu dayyikan harecen keennema yassa’adu fiys Sema’ those whom He wills to leave straying,- He makes their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies.
How I choose to translate the section above; I said submission to Islam. He who has no problem for submission to the scales that Allah put. Whoever opens the heart to submission means this really.
-O Rabb, I want for myself what you want me to want for myself. O Rabb, whatever you call good, I call good too. It’s enough for me. Your measure for good and bad, I accept your judgement, O Rabb.
This is what it means to opening a heart to submission. On the other side we see an expression, those whom He wills to leave straying,- He makes their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies. Oxygen for body has the same value of faith for soul.
Just like a body cannot survive without oxygen, soul cannot survive without faith. Your entire eternal life might be lost. This passage describes a person who cannot make meaning of his life with Allah and how he loses his spirit.
kezalike yec’alullahurricse alelleziyne la yu’minun; thus doth Allah lay abomination on those who refuse to believe.
126-) Ve haza siratu Rabbike mustekiyma* kad fassalnel ayati li kavmin yezzekkerun;
This is the straight path (as-sirat al-mustaqim) of your Rabb… We have indeed detailed the proofs to a people who can think and evaluate. (A.Hulusi)
This is the Way of thy Lord, leading straight: We have detailed the Signs for those who receive admonition. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve haza siratu Rabbike mustekiyma* This is the straight path of your Rabb kad fassalnel ayati li kavmin yezzekkerun We have indeed detailed the proofs to a people who can think and evaluate.
127-) Lehum DarusSelami ınde Rabbihim ve HUve Veliyyuhum Bi ma kanu ya’melun;
The abode of Salam (the state of existence pertaining to the meaning of the Name Salam) with their Rabb is for them! HU is their Waliyy because of what they used to do. (A.Hulusi)
For them will be a Home of Peace with their Lord: He will be their Friend, because they practiced (righteousness). (A.Yusuf Ali)
Lehum DarusSelami inde Rabbihim For them will be a Home of Peace with their Lord ve HUve Veliyyuhum Bi ma kanu ya’melun He will be their Friend, because they practiced righteousness.
Allah taking over the role of guardianship for a person. Just like satans signs stand against Allah’s signs, satans companionship stands against Allah’s guardianship. Satan may take the responsibility of his friends now but when it comes to final count, it won’t matter in front of Allah. By then, only people whom Allah choose to protection might find eternal peace.
“Ve ahiru davana velil hamdulillahi rabbil alemiyn” (Jonah/10) “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds!” All products of our claims, causes and lives are for Allah and our last word to our Allah is “Hamd”.