Dear Qur’an friends, in our last lesson, we had reached the verse 144 of An’am chapter. If we remember the topic of those, we see the ignorance, superstitions and actions based on them are the enemies of faith. Blasphemers of Meccan community was traveling that road and they were corrupting Abraham’s religion, they were both corrupting the faith and claiming they were doing it in the name of Allah. Qur’an informs us about the mistakes that fell in and we should take them as advices. So by these celestial values, if we don’t be careful with taking Allah’s intentions in mind, if we don’t take this book as our origin of faith, then we might fall into the same mistakes as they did.
Like the Meccan blasphemers corrupted Abraham’s faith system, Jewishh community did the same thing to Moses Islamic faith system and they named their ideology, Jewism.
Even the believers of Jesus fell into the same mistakes and corrupted the Islam Jesus brought down and named it christianism. So Qur’an says us here that we shouldn’t corrupt this belief system and name it Islam. With this context we continue our lesson.
145-) Kul la ecidu fiyma uhiye ileyye muharremen ala ta’imin yat’amuhu illa en yekune meyteten ev demen mesfuhan ev lahme hinziyrin feinnehu ricsun ev fiskan uhille li gayrillahi Bih* femenidturre gayre bagin ve la adin feinne Rabbeke Gafurun Rahiym;
Say, “I cannot find anything forbidden to one who eats from what has been revealed… Only the flesh of a dead animal, spilled blood, the flesh of swine – for indeed, it is impure – and that which has been slaughtered in the name of one other than Allah, with the hands of one with a corrupt faith… But whoever is forced to eat it (out of need) he may do so without assuming it to be lawful and without going to extreme…” Certainly, your Rabb is the Ghafur, the Rahim. (A.Hulusi)
Say: “I find not in the Message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be dead meat, or blood poured forth, or the flesh of swine,- for it is an abomination – or, what is impious, (meat) on which a name has been invoked, other than Allah’s”. But (even so), if a person is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits,- thy Lord is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul la ecidu fiyma uhiye ileyye muharremen ala ta’imin yat’amuhu illa Say, “I cannot find anything forbidden to one who eats from what has been revealed. As you remember from our previous lessons, commerce based community of Mecca were forbidding things that Allah let people andmany were finding excuses for their rules of religion.
You might ask, what’s the harm of not eating things that Allah already lets people for? It’s just like the opposite, doing something Allah already forbids you to. Because both ways leads the same end. Like I usually say, ignorants of this religions mostly go the way of discount and ignorant fundamentalists mostly go the way of inflation. Although it might seem two different things, the final destination is the same.
Here we should focus on the expression of ala ta’imin yat’amuhu to those who want to eat. The truth behind this expression is this. A reference to people live in a community and have personal habits and choices but with the exception of 4 things. These 4 things are within the boundries of restriction but other than that, it’s all about personal and social preferences, habits and traditions.
What are these 4 things? illa en 4 exceptions. en yekune meyteten dead meat ev demen mesfuhan or blood poured forth, ev lahme hinziyrin feinnehu ricsun or the flesh of swine,- for it is an abomination
ev fiskan uhille li gayrillahi Bihi – or, what is impious, (meat) on which a name has been invoked, other than Allah’s”.
- Dead meat,
- Blood poured forth,
- The flesh of swine,
- What is impious, (meat) on which a name has been invoked, other than Allah’s”.
These 4 elements never changed during the period of Qur’ans arrival. Throughout the 23 years of this process these 4 elements came in four different verses but the nature of them never changed.
Baqarah 173 arrived later on from this verse. There’s also a verse which arrived at the same time with this one. Nahl 115. But the one in Nahl chapter only discuss anout the logic of these restrictions. This one however takes the matter with details. And yet there’s a small difference between this one and the verse in Baqarah chapter. You might see it as a nuance. In that verse it is said blood. Here it is mentioned as flowing blood. Although in nature it represents the same things, there’s a small difference in explanations.
Also in third verse of Maida chapter, these four concepts are given. But there’s also a difference in details there too. For example the details on dead meat, as in what are the things that happens to call an animal dead meat. Animals who drop dead suddenly, who fall to their deaths or so they all counted as dead meat. Even with these deatils the nature of the verse delivers these four elements.
My reason of mentioning the nature is this. How can we answer a question of consuming things that aren’t counted with these four types. After the arrival of these verses Mother Aisha and Ibn Abbas in his book Tercuman-ul Qur’an said all things are not counted among these four distinct types are considered good meat. There was a hadith going around back then. It was like “Prophet banned domesticated donkey meat and all birds with beaks and all game meats with claws.” When this hadith reached Mother Aisha, she only replied with this. “Allah closed the matter on this subject. Which is also interesting that in the verse of Baqarah chapter all these four types comes with the pronoun of Innema. It openly means “only”. Naturally it informs us that there’s no editting on this subject later on and Mother Aisha’s comment on this subject is the truth. Allah said the last words on this subject.
Of course animals that aren’t qualified within these 4 types are questioned for consumption purposes and there are many different answers from many scholars. According to Malik And Shafi Imams, domestic animals are forbidden, others are conditioned to be sin. What is that mean, conditioned to be sin. It’s this. İf the reason of sin is removed from the animal, it can be considered as good meat. It’s this foundation used for this verdict.
Also Caniphs considered carnivore animals in this absolute sin territory. Just like these 4 groups, all carnivores are counted like these four types. But in my opinion this verdict should be questioned since the pronoun of Innema openly informs us that only these four types should be considered sin but others shouldn’t. Also many Imams and scholars have been questioning this verdict since it came.
Caniphs says this. Imam Malik and Imam Evzai considered it free. As in eating a carnivore animal shouldn’t be counted as sin. Also Imam Shafi only considered Lion,tiger and wolf as sin. Ikrimes counted crow, badger and some other animals are free for consumption.
Also Imam Malik, Evzai and Ibn Ebi Leila took snake as free where many imams and scholars took them as sin. But all sins counted outside this verses zone are personal opinionated restrictions. So if we ask how should we look at this matter, Qur’an gives us the ultimate answer. No animal meat should be considered as sin unless these four types are in the picture. Especially we look at 118 and 119th verse of this chapter. Allah gives us the restrictions. Allah takes to role fo explaining the restrictions. So all forbidding act outside this zone is about showing reaction against Qur’an.
That’s why Imam Malik reached the conclusion of every kind of meat except these four aren’t mentioned in Qur’an and all news regarding them came from one individuals and finally Qur’an openly gives the boundries on this subject, there’s no need to open a subtext when you close the whole subject. Also many scholars comments on derivitive restrictions with different ways. For example domestic donkey is off limit then why not wild donkey or zebras. Even this comment makes us see that these restrictions are conjectural or it might be another eartly reason like that species survival.
femenidturre gayre bagin ve la adin feinne Rabbeke Gafurun Rahiym; But (even so), if a person is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits,- your Lord is Oftenly Forgiving, Most Merciful. This is gayre bagin ve la adin without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits. Even these four types are within the necessity boundries. As in if you have no other choice or you are forced, you may take it without attacking someone elses rights or transgressing due limits. Your Lord is Oftenly Forgiving, Most Merciful. The verse ends with Gafur and Rahiym names. This reminds us one of the most fundamental rules in Islamic law. Necessity rules out restrictions. Ez zarurat tu bi hul mahdurat. In times of necessity, restrictions are counted as licensed.
Why? Because Islam’s intention isn’t torturing people, it’s not about pushing people to corner. On the contrary, it’s about opening doors in times of need. This is a translation of a verse. Allah don’t want people to be in hardship. The benefits of all rules are for people.
[Additional info: The most important reason of restriction on pig meat is this. Since pigs cannot sweat, all the filthy things they eat stay in their bodies. (A.Hulusi)]
146-) Ve alelleziyne hadu harramna kulle ziy zufur* ve minel bakari vel ganemi harramna aleyhim shuhumehuma illa ma hamelet zuhuruhuma evil havaya ev mahteleta Bi azm* zalike cezeynahum Bi bagyihim* ve inna lesadikun;
We have made all clawed animals forbidden to the Jews… We have also made forbidden to them the interior fat of cattle and sheep, except what extends to their backs or their entrails or is mixed up with a bone… We have punished them for transgressing… We are indeed truthful. (A.Hulusi)
For those who followed the Jewish Law, We forbade every (animal) with undivided hoof, and We forbade them that fat of the ox and the sheep, except what adheres to their backs or their entrails, or is mixed up with a bone: this in recompense for their willful disobedience: for We are True (in Our ordinances). (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve alelleziyne hadu harramna kulle ziy zufur Here Qur’an gives us another historical event as an example. Surely there will be objections in future. An answer comes later like “Jews rules on this subject were strict, wide and detailed but muslims rules are not.” We have made all clawed animals forbidden to the Jews. It’s like a validation. Yes, all clawed animals were made forbidden to Jewsmindeds.
As you notice I translated elleziyne hadu as jewmindeds, not Jews. There are some proofs for that supports from both linguistics and context. First support is Razi’s Cuma Altin translation. “Tehevvedu” In that text it is used for the same purpose.
But I also have a bigger proof. This part shall be taken as jewminded because the following part shows zalike cezeynahum Bi bagyihim as in We have punished them for transgressing. This part shows that when they were following Islam which was introduced to them by Moses, there wasn’t any problem. But when they chose the path of breaking their promises, betrayed their verses and became jewmindeds, that’s when the rules became more strict.The name all all signs delivered by all prophets are Islam. All prophets are Islam prophets.
Now, why clawed animals are restricted. ve minel bakari vel ganemi harramna aleyhim shuhumehuma illa ma hamelet zuhuruhuma evil havaya ev mahteleta Bi azm* There are also details on restrictions. We have also made forbidden to them the interior fat of cattle and sheep, except what extends to their backs or their entrails or is mixed up with a bone…
zalike cezeynahum Bi bagyihim* ve inna lesadikun; We have punished them for transgressing… We are indeed truthful. Like we said before. The rules became detailed because Allah is truthful. But they weren’t. So if you betray your contract, then you will be punished. They did betray Allah, hence the rules. That’s how the punishment came. This punishment also finds its place if Old Testament as will. Those who are interested may find it there.
147-) Fein kezzebuke fekul Rabbukum zu rahmetin vasiatin, ve la yureddu be’suhu anil kavmil mucrimiyn;
(My Rasul) if they have denied you, say, “Your Rabb is the Wasi, possessor of grace… His torment will not be held back from a people who do wrong.” (A.Hulusi)
If they accuse thee of falsehood, say: “Your Lord is full of mercy all- embracing; but from people in guilt never will His wrath be turned back.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Fein kezzebuke fekul Rabbukum zu rahmetin vasiatin If they accuse you of falsehood, say: “Your Lord is full of mercy all- embracing.
It might seem like a contraversy. How can we understand the accusation of falsehood. If they accuse you of falsehood on sins. Remember that this verse brought down are the last year in Mecca, so it’s somehow related to the jews of that era. Meccan heathens were taking knowledge from jews and they were coming to Rasulallah to oppose him with that knowledge. This verse is an answer to both sides.
How’s jews accusations? They were saying “These things are forbidden for us.” But in reality Allah never forbid the things they say. It’s not forbidden by the core but as a punishment. They weren’t saying that however. When you ask them the reason of that restriction theyeither hide or ignore the facts. They basically say this is forbidden. No this is not a restriction but a punishment.
Meccan heathens accusations were much worse though. They were putting rules out of their heads. Like this cow gave 5 births so far. So release her, make her sacred. Just like the cows in India. Take an animal created to serve humanity and pull her out of his life purpose, bless it. But not just a small blessing, give him attributes that only Allah can possess. This is something much much worse, thinking yourselves entitled to distribute Allah’s attributes, giving away the titles of celestiality. Allah is the El Kuddus. Only Allah may bless things. If you do, this is nothing but your own foolishness.
This is how religions become corrupted. Remember Meccan’s religion was originally Abraham’s religion. But adding things to the celestial system that Abraham brought, turning things without permission of their beliefs, they created this travesty of religion. Remember superstitions are corruption and corruption is superstitions.
ve la yureddu be’suhu anil kavmil mucrimiyn; His torment will not be held back from a people who do wrong.” First part, Allah is merciful and all embracing. But for people who are deep in sins, the punishment is unavoidable. If we add these two sentence side by side, we realize that punishment isn’t an act of hatred but a means to educate. Punishment isn’t the fundamental part, mercy is. We see a similar example in 146th verse, how punishment was used to educate people. Laws and restrictions are given because the punishment is a way to educate humans. That’s how it can be used because humans interactions with Allah shouldn’t be severed completely.
148-) Seyekululleziyne eshreku lev shaAllahu ma eshrekna ve la abauna ve la harremna min shey’i* kezalike kezzebelleziyne min kablihim hatta zaku be’sena* kul hel indekum min ilmin fetuhricuhu lena* in tettebi’une illezzanne ve in entum illa tahrusun;
The dualists will say, “Had Allah willed, neither us nor our fathers would have been dualists… and we would not have prohibited anything”… Likewise, those before them also denied, until they tasted Our punishment. Say, “Do you have a knowledge you can explain to us? You follow only assumption… You talk nonsense based on presumptions alone.” (A.Hulusi)
Those who give partners (to Allah) will say: “If Allah had wished, we should not have given partners to Him nor would our fathers; nor should we have had any forbidden things.” So did their ancestors argue falsely, until they tasted of Our wrath. Say: “Have ye any (certain) knowledge? If so, produce it before us. Ye follow nothing but conjecture: ye do nothing but lie.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Seyekululleziyne eshreku lev shaAllahu ma eshrekna ve la abauna ve la harremna min shey’i* The dualists will say, “Had Allah willed, neither us nor our fathers would have been dualists… and we would not have prohibited anything”…
Look at this excuse, dear Qur’an friends. This is their proof in their minds. “Had Allah willed, neither us nor our fathers would have been dualists… and we would not have prohibited anything”…
This is the ultimate slander against Allah. We should clarify this first. But as you remember we studied this concept in our previous lessons. In their actions, of associating someone of something to Allah, they were following the path of te’vil. As in not shirqing directly but putting intermediaries, conduits between themselves and Allah. With their own mentalities they were far away from a real Allah belief. No wonder they were trying to put objects to shorten this distance in their faiths.
Seyekululleziyne eshreku lev shaAllahu ma eshrekna ve la abauna ve la harremna min shey’i* The dualists will say, “Had Allah willed, neither us nor our fathers would have been dualists… and we would not have prohibited anything”… They were exploiting the destiny. They seem they believe in destiny but they weren’t even understanding the concept of it. They were ignoring the responsibilities and consequences of their actions, their moral responsibilities, and putting all excuses to destiny.
At this point Qur’an sees the rejection of moral responsibilites as shirq. Here it is also mentioned. With their fake destiny beliefs, they were trying to justify their treachery against mind and will. These are all excuses.
kezalike kezzebelleziyne min kablihim hatta zaku be’sena Qur’an rejects this ideology with a harsh sentence and saying, So did their ancestors argue falsely, until they tasted of Our wrath. This fake logic is a tradition indeed and the past is laid before us. Those before them also making their argues on that idea. Naturally their claims weren’t accepted as well, so there’s no reason to believe that this time your fake claims will be accepted.
kul hel indekum min ilmin fetuhricuhu lena and ask them says Qur’an. Say, “Do you have a knowledge you can explain to us?” As in you forbid things that Allah hasn’t and saying Allah did it in the process. You expand the limits of restrictions. Not only you see the power to determine the right and wrong, the good and bad, you also slander Allah and say, Allah made all these. So show me the proof, give me a document. Say, “I heard this fact from a verse I see.” But they didn’t recieve any news about that.
You are among the chosen supposedly, so where did you witness this restriction then? Qur’an brings the contradiction here. By making people realising this contradiction Qur’an wants people to realize this fact. “You fall this wrong path because you hadn’t seen a book before. But now Allah sent a book to you. But still you resist on your path. You still reject the message. You are both wrong and arrogant in your path.” Qur’an catches them like that red handed in their endevours.
in tettebi’une illezzanne ve in enum illa tahrusun; As you remember I translated this section before. In 116th verse if I recall correctly. You follow only assumption… You talk nonsense based on presumptions alone.”
With new terms, I try to translate this part. Assumptions, tahsurun comes from the root of ha ra sa. It means following the mass psychology in literacy. The literal meaning gives us quite an accurate translation to begin with. You follow the people around you. So by saying “Allah forbids this” since you don’t have any real proof you can only present this.
Assumptions, lies, your desires, basically superstitions. If all people believe a lie, it became their truth. So if you follow the path that majority sets for people around them, know that this is the path you walk. You say, “I follow what everyone follows.” Not signs then. You follow the path of your ancestors.
..ekseruhum la ya’kilun; (Ankebut/63 Most of them cannot think ekseren Nasi la yu’minun; (Hud/17)(Mümin/59)(Rad/1).. ekseren nasi la yeshkurun (Baqarah/243) Ekseren nasi la ya’lemun. (Casiye/45)
Qur’an brings three forms. The majority of people, most of them cannot think. And since they are unable to think, most of them cannot appreciate. And since they are unable to appreciate, most of them cannot show faith. So if you follow the line of majority this is the final destination for you says Qur’an.
149-) Kul feLillahil huccetul baligetu, felev shae lehedakum ecme’iyn;
Say, “To Allah belongs the definite proof… If He had willed, he would surely have guided all of you.” (A.Hulusi)
Say: “With Allah is the argument that reaches home: if it had been His Will, He could indeed have guided you all.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul feLillahil huccetul baliget Say, “To Allah belongs the definite proof. It is said that the real message comes from the celestial knowledge. Only definite proof can come from Allah’s domail. Why? Because Allah’s knowledge is absolute. Allah is the ultimate Aliym. All knowledge of Allah is the infinite knowledge. So if Allah shares this information via the signs, the verses, it’s the definite proof. You have to believe it.
felev shae lehedakum ecme’iyn; If Allah had willed, he would surely have guided all of you. An attention is required here to the celestial law. What’s that? Allah hadn’t willed this. If Allah had willed, all creatures would be guided to the true path. But Allah hadn’t willed. Because willpower is given. Allah’s will is willpower, the power of mind. Mind is willed for humanity and following it the moral responsibilities.
O humanity, you cannot move like earth and skies. You have a mind, you cannot act otherwise. All other creatures are unders Allah authority. There’s no paradise for them. But because of the willpower humanity have, you have a shot at paradise.
This is important. No willpower no paradise. The message here is this. Paradise is the reward for good used willpower. So humanity don’t throw away your moral responsibilities. If you do that, you deny your mind, you deny the freedom of choice and will that Allah bestowed upon you. You are responsible for your actions because you have the power of choosing. Betraying that talent, is betraying the will that shares it with you.
150-) Kul helumme shuhedaekumulleziyne yeshhedune ennAllahe harrame haza* fein shehidu fela teshhed meahum* ve la tettebi ehvaelleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina velleziyne la yu’minune Bil ahireti ve hum Bi rabbihim ya’dilun;
Say, “Bring forward your witnesses who testify that Allah had prohibited this!”… And if they testify, do not testify with them… Do not follow the empty desires of those who deny Our signs (manifestations of Names) and the eternal life to come! They equate their deities to their Rabb. (A.Hulusi)
Say: “Bring forward your witnesses to prove that Allah did forbid so and so.” If they bring such witnesses, be not thou amongst them: Nor follow thou the vain desires of such as treat Our Signs as falsehoods, and such as believe not in the Hereafter: for they hold others as equal with their Guardian-Lord. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul helumme shuhedaekumulleziyne yeshhedune ennAllahe harrame haza Say, “Bring forward your witnesses who testify that Allah had prohibited this!”
fein shehidu fela teshhed meahum And if they testify, do not testify with them. They did tell these lies in the name of Allah, they put restriction to things that weren’t and later said this restriction is from Allah. Surely they will add more lies to this scheme of theirs. They might easily tell more lies. But if they choose this path of perjury, don’t confirm their actions. Don’t be with them, don’t testify with them.
The measure of right and wrong, the true and false is a sane mind. Not desires and egos. These subflows like verses as these reminds us this fact. That’s why most verses talks about controlling own minds, thinking and warning those unable to think.
So if you look at the situation with a sane, calm mind you may see the good message and what it means to show you. That’s how a man can see. You may ask now, can a sane mind always be able to deliver the celestial messages knowledge. No, a sane mind can easily exist with holes and the celestial message is there to fill in the blanks. At this poing there are some restrictions that Allah put in order to create the limits and borders between the message and the mind.
That’s why if you ask what is the reason, the wisdom of this restriction, there might not be a singular wisdom. There might not be mentioned about the disasterous results in its absense. The restrictions are there for a reason and in the ultimate result it’s there for the testing. But it’s core reason is to prevent people to harm themselves. There are acts forbidden because of their material reasons like pig meats and its sickness filled meats. But there are also spiritual reason that we cannot evaluate yet. Like the meats of sacrificies made for other things than Allah. There might not be visible effects on human body but there is surely spiritual backlashes that might easily reflect on human behaviours. Let’s continue.
ve la tettebi ehvaelleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina Nor follow you the vain desires of such as treat Our Signs as falsehoods, velleziyne la yu’minune Bil ahireti ve hum Bi rabbihim ya’dilun; and such as believe not in the Hereafter: for they hold others as equal with their Guardian-Lord.
This is the problem. The verses statement isn’t about denial of Allah, mind you. It doesn’t say, “They defy Allah.” No there are some creatuions that they see as equal to Allah. They hold these beings as equals. I mentioned this sickness before, how a man can easily go wild, and go astray from the road because of his actions and thoughts about giving another being the stature of Allah in his mind. Because while you make that thing larger and important in your belief life, you diminish in front of them. That thing takes your senses completely, drains your energy and without knowing and realizing you lose your ability to think like a human.
This is how shirq can turn a decent man into a Shell of his former self. I made explanations on that matter with several examples before.
You see your temporary lives like permanent, and your permanent life, non-exist. The things you should devote to Allah become the things you devote to world, to desires, to animalistic instincts. That’s why you begin to ignore Allah’s words and all those blanks in your sane minds begin to fill with negative impulses, personal gains, all the things that drive your sane mind off from the true path.The blanks that aren’t filled with Allah’s signs, always be filled with satans signs.
The sense reversal is the result of this storm. Your sane mind is no longer sane after all those twisted impulses. All things good seem bad and all things bad suddenly begin to seem good to you. You begin to run from worshipping to sins because everything is backwards now.
151-) Kul te’alev etlu ma harrame Rabbukum aleykum ella tushriku Bihi shey’en, ve Bil valideyni ihsana* ve la taktulu evladekum min imlak* nahnu nerzukukum ve iyyahum* ve la takrebul fevahishe ma zahere minha ve ma betan* ve la taktulun nefselletiy harramAllahu illa Bil Hakk* zalikum vassakum Bihi leallekum ta’kilun;
Say, “Come, let me READ to you the things your Rabb has forbidden to you: Do not associate anything with Him… Do good to your parents… Do not kill your children out of poverty, We will provide for you and for them! Do not approach apparent (alcohol, harlotry, etc.) or hidden forms (contemplating upon them) of indecency… Do not kill the one who Allah has forbidden (to be killed), except by legal right (like retribution)! (Allah) makes this warning so that you use your reason!” (A.Hulusi)
Say: “Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from”: Join not anything with Him; be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want;- We provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not nigh to indecent deed f9b s. Whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul te’alev etlu ma harrame Rabbukum aleykum Say, “Come, let me read to you the things your Rabb has forbidden to you:
The mask of fake religious shows has been lifted here in this verse. What were they doing? They were forbidding the regular things and they verse letting the real forbidden things. This was the the show mentioned. It’s like a pacifier, a false pacifier to give infant to quiet them. Surely it’s not fulfilling but quite distracting nonetheless. This is how a person might fill his need of religious acts where he has no guts and will to fulfill the real deal and fill the need with fake beliefs. This is superstition incarnate.
So masks are off. This addressing is also valid today. False assumptions presented as religion is still with us. But if you look deep all the restrictions and compare them with real beliefs you might easily see the differences and inconsistance. Just like the verse tells us.
ella tushriku Bihi shey’en What are the things forbidden to humans. First of all, Do not associate anything with Allah. ve Bil valideyni ihsanen be good to your mothers and fathers.
Be very careful here. For some reason Islam’s ethical laws orders us to be good to our parents and yet some translate this as you should obey your parents to the teeth. This is wrong. Obeying parents when obeying Allah is right there can easily be counted as blasphemy. The order here is goodness to parent but obeying Allah. These two things shouldn’t be mixed.
Also don’t forget that even all Meccan heathens were treating their parents with kindness, they still couldn’t be counted as true believers. The believers did treat their parents with goodness when this news arrived. The order here is not even calling them with an impatient reference. “They are ordered to thank Allah and them.” enishkurliy ve livalideyk (Lokman/14) Be thankful to me, be thankful to your parents.”
ve la taktulu evladekum min imlakin Don’t kill your children out of fear of poverty. This also makes a reference to abortion for economical concerns. nahnu nerzukukum ve iyyahum We provide sustenance for you and for them. If a person knows that the fear of poverty is worse than actual poverty, he wouldn’t feel the dread of it. Because you can feed a man, but you cannot sate a man for his fear of hunger.
ve la takrebul fevahishe ma zahere minha ve ma betan Do not approach apparent or hidden forms of indecency… Meccan were doing all of them. They were commiting sins and creating extra restrictions. This is the definigion of religious showmanship, fake religious acts.
ve la taktulun nefselletiy harramAllahu illa Bil Hakk Do not kill the one who Allah has forbidden (to be killed), except by legal right.
Those blasphemers were making mere animals sacred in their minds, animals which Allah gave them to humans will, but on the other side they were taking lives of other man like simple flies, lives which Allah say sacred.
Recently I said overturned mind. This is shirq, the process of overturning the mind. Seeing relevant things, irrelevant and vice versa. Except by legal right, except the punishments for greater good, Illa Bil Hakk is this. Illa Bil Hakk Do not kill the one who Allah has forbidden (to be killed), except by legal right.
The explanation of Illa Bil Hakk is this. Defending something personally or socially by legal ways. Wars happen for this reason, or should happen at least. Any murders in this situation is under the lines of Illa Bil Hakk.
Punishment to deliver justice. This is Illa Bil Hakk. The opposite of simple murder. Some of you might ask for Murted, what about those who convert from Islam. This is a serious question, debates even go far that hadith collections of Buhari and Muslim both have chapters for it.
What does Qur’an says about it, “Whoever you converts from religion and die as a blasphemer.” It doesn’t say anything about execution.
According to Qur’an, execution is a punishment of no return. Also we shouldn’t mix the concepts of battling against religion and returning from religion. Qur’an shed some light on this matter in a few verses.
..men yertedde minkum an diynihi.. (Maida/54) Whoever converts from you fesevfe ye’tillahu Bi kavmin Allah brings a new community instead.
It’s not, I will destroy them, or take them away. Not even the matter is taken as a personal matter. Qur’an’s verdict on this matter is illuminating.
zalikum vassakum Bihi leallekum ta’kilun; Allah makes this warning so that you use your reason!
152-) Ve la takrebu malel yetiymi illa Billetiy hiye ahsenu hatta yebluga eshuddeh* ve evful keyle vel miyzane Bilkist* la nukellifu nefsen illa vus’aha, ve iza kultum fa’dilu velev kane za kurba* ve Bi ahdillahi evfu* zalikum vassakum Bihi leallekum tezekkerun;
Do not approach the orphan’s property until he reaches maturity, except for the purpose of administrating it in the best way… Make measurements and balances in full and with justice… We never charge anyone with that which is beyond his capacity. And when you speak, speak the truth, even if it concerns someone close to you! Fulfill your word to Allah! (Allah) makes this warning so that you use your reason! (A.Hulusi)
And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;- whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfill the Covenant of Allah. thus doth He command you, that ye may remember. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve la takrebu malel yetiymi illa Billetiy hiye ahsenu hatta yebluga eshuddeh And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; Unless the situation is to improve his conditions, you cannot touch an orphans property. We had studied this section in Nisa/6.
ve evful keyle vel miyzane Bilkist Make measurements and balances in full and with justice. This call isn’t just about commerce based situations but in evaluation of each others, it’s a call for both financial and existencial purposes. It’s not just a mathematical justice that need to be protected. Even that may be difficult to achieve, inch by inch. But the real purpose is to be aware and always on effort for justice which the verse advises us to do.
la nukellifu nefsen illa vus’aha We never charge anyone with that which is beyond his capacity. From this following sentence we realized that it’s not only the mathematical justice we should take account. Be vigilant on your efforts to maintain justice.
ve iza kultum fa’dilu velev kane za kurba And when you speak, speak the truth, even if it concerns someone close to you! It’s also true for people who aren’t close to you as well. Just speak the truth altogether. Be just on your explanations and opinions. Don’t follow the road of “He’s one of us so we should back him no matter what.” This logic is a dead end.
ve Bi ahdillahi evfu and fulfill the Covenant of Allah.
- Natural bond with Allah, the First Covenant
- Bond of faith, the Will Covenant
- All contracts in the name of Allah, social covenants. These three types are under the juristiction of this verse.
zalikum vassakum Bihi leallekum tezekkerun; Allah makes this warning so that you use your reason!
153-) Ve enne haza siratiy mustekiymen fettebi’uhu, ve la tettebi’us subule feteferraka Bikum an sebiylih* zalikum vassakum Bihi leallekum tettekun;
This is my straight path, so follow it, do not follow other paths; (otherwise) they will divert you from His straight path… Thus Allah warns you so you may protect yourselves! (A.Hulusi)
Verily, this is My Way, leading straight: follow it: follow not (other) paths: they will scatter you about from His Path: thus doth He command you, that ye may be righteous. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve enne haza siratiy mustekiymen fettebi’uhu This is my straight path, so follow it.
Islam is a law, timeless, above the specific treatments of the eras it exists, the one and only celestial law given to all prophets, the constant values of humanity and following it is the definition of loyalty to the cause. Mind you that this verse comes right after the verse about the covenant made with Allah.
ve la tettebi’us subule feteferraka Bikum an sebiylih* do not follow other paths; otherwise they will divert you from His straight path… zalikum vassakum Bihi leallekum tettekun; Thus Allah warns you so you may protect yourselves!
154-) Summe ateyna Musel Kitabe temamen alelleziy ahsene ve tafsiylen likulli shey’in ve huden ve rahmeten leallehum Bi Likai Rabbihim yu’minun;
Then We gave Moses the knowledge of the reality and sunnatullah as guidance and grace, and to complete Our favor upon the doers of good and to clarify everything to them… So that they believe they will meet their Rabb. (A.Hulusi)
Moreover, We gave Moses the Book, completing (Our favor) to those who would do right, and explaining all things in detail,- and a guide and a mercy, that they might believe in the meeting with their Lord. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Summe ateyna Musel Kitabe temamen alelleziy ahsene this summe part can be translated as “after the process.” This historical process is described in other verses. When we reach them, we will translate them also. After the process is done, complete Our favor upon the doers of good ve tafsiylen likulli shey’in and explaining all things in detail. This is a reference to 48th verse of Maida chapter. (li kullin cealna minkum shir’aten ve minhaca..) we gave each of you a method, a sheria. So all prophets sent to communities is to establish the ground rules of this law and creating a foundation to live under the rule of Allah. Here likulli shey’in means explaining all things in detail. It’s all about explaning the ways to do what Allah ordered them to do.
ve huden ve rahmeten and a guide and a mercy, leallehum Bi Likai Rabbihim yu’minun; that they might believe in the meeting with their Lord.
This is an answer to sons of Israel who became Jewminded. Wê gave you the Signs, not to betray them or glorify yourselves to others; but to maintain your faiths. But you make these verses a toy. You create countless restrictions without Allah’s authorization, you create a commerce on these rules. People opened the book and realized that your orders weren’t there. You accused them of ignorace and stupidity. You told them “Come, we will explain them to you.” So your tradesmanship begins like that.
155-) Ve haza Kitabun enzelnahu mubarekun fettebi’uhu vetteku leallekum turhamun;
This revelation is an abundant knowledge of the reality and sunnatullah! Follow it and adhere to it so you may receive grace. (A.Hulusi)
And this is a Book which We have revealed as a blessing: so follow it and be righteous, that ye may receive mercy: (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve haza Kitabun enzelnahu mubarekun And this is a Book which We have revealed as a blessing: This is Qur’an. It wants us to establish a line between Moses and Muhammad, between Tora and Qur’an, between sons of Israel and this community. All these verses are for that reason. And as an addition it bears a warning saying “O Muhammads community, don’t become Jewminded like the rest of the sons of Israel.”
fettebi’uhu vetteku leallekum turhamun; so follow it and be righteous, that ye may receive mercy:
156-) En tekulu innema unzilel Kitabu ala taifeteyni min kablina ve in kunna an dirasetihim legafiliyn;
So that you do not say, “Knowledge has only been revealed upon the two groups before us (Jews and Christians); we were unaware of what they read and evaluated”… (A.Hulusi)
Lest ye should say: “The Book was sent down to two Peoples before us, and for our part, we remained unacquainted with all that they learned by assiduous study:” (A.Yusuf Ali)
En tekulu innema unzilel Kitabu Before we begin, there’s a reference here if you didn’t notice. They didn’t follow and ended up like that. If you don’t follow too, you will become like them. So take precautions from them, those communities so that you keep your promises with Allah.
En tekulu innema unzilel Kitabu ala taifeteyni min kablina So that you do not say, “Knowledge has only been revealed upon the two groups before us (Jews and Christians) ve in kunna an dirasetihim legafiliyn we were unaware of what they read and evaluated.
First people of this verses target are Meccans. After answering the sons of Israel, the speech turned to Meccan heathens saying, “I’m warning you this. So that you don’t say we were unaware of what they read. So that you don’t use that kind of objection.
157-) Ev tekulu lev enna unzile aleynel Kitabu lekunna ehda minhum* fekad caekum beyyinetun min Rabbikum ve huden ve rahmetun, femen azlemu mimmen kezzebe Bi ayatillahi ve sadefe anha* seneczilleziyne yasdifune an ayatina suel azabi Bi ma kanu yasdifun;
And so that you do not say, “If that Knowledge was revealed to us, we would surely have evaluated the guidance better than them”… Clear proofs, knowledge of the reality and grace have come to your from your Rabb… Who can do more wrong than one who denies the existence of Allah in His signs (the manifestations of His Names) and turns away from them! They will undergo the worst suffering as a result of turning away from Our signs! (A.Hulusi)
Or lest ye should say: “If the Book had only been sent down to us, we should have followed its guidance better than they.” Now then hath come unto you a Clear (Sign) from your Lord,- and a guide and a mercy: then who could do more wrong than one who rejecteth Allah’s Signs, and turneth away therefrom? In good time shall We requite those who turn away from Our Signs, with a dreadful chastisement, for their turning away. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ev tekulu lev enna unzile aleynel Kitabu lekunna ehda minhum It continues, seeking an answer to a possible question. Or lest you should say: “If the Book had only been sent down to us, we should have followed its guidance better than they.Meccan community, this indicates the fact that they cannot defend themselves with this excuse anymore.
fekad caekum beyyinetun min Rabbikum ve huden ve rahmetun Now then has come unto you a Clear (Sign) from your Lord,- and a guide and a mercy. A road map so to speak.
femen azlemu mimmen kezzebe Bi ayatillahi ve sadefe anha then who could do more wrong than one who rejecteth Allah’s Signs, and turns away therefrom?
After eliminating all excuses, Qur’an asks again the obvious question to mankind. “O humanity, Allah gave you mind, then will. After these Allah sent prophets and via them, Signs. So what’s your excuse in persisting on denial after all these treats. This question still remains in full power today.
seneczilleziyne yasdifune an ayatina suel azabi Bi ma kanu yasdifun They will undergo the worst suffering as a result of turning away from Our signs!
This is not just an answer to Meccan heathens but all people who try to take this celestiality concept to themselves. What if the prophet would came from our bloodline?
An arab prophet say some. It came to arabs only. What a sick logic; to take the all mighty truths of the entire creation and limit them to arabs only. It responds this notion with this: After the truth reaches you, these kinds of excuses cannot help you beyond furthering your denial. You cannot say the other way too. You cannot say,”Qur’an is ours alone, you cannot come near it, you cannot touch it.” This verse rejects both these two mentality together.
158-) Hel yenzurune illa en te’tiyehumul Melaiketu ev ye’tiye Rabbuke ev ye’tiye ba’du ayati Rabbik* yevme ye’tiy ba’du ayati Rabbike la yenfeu nefsen imanuha lem tekun amenet min kablu ev kesebet fiy imaniha hayra* kulinteziru inna muntezirun;
Are they waiting for angels, or for their Rabb, or for the miracles of their Rabb to come to them in order to believe? The faith of he who had not believed before or whose faith did not benefit him (was not internalized) will be of no use when he sees the extraordinary signs of his Rabb! Say, “Wait, for we are also waiting.” (A.Hulusi)
Are they waiting to see if the angels come to them, or thy Lord (Himself), or certain of the Signs of thy Lord! the day that certain of the Signs of thy Lord do come, no good will it do to a soul to believe in them then if it believed not before nor earned righteousness through its faith. Say: “Wait ye: we too are waiting.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Hel yenzurune illa en te’tiyehumul Melaiketu ev ye’tiye Rabbuke ev ye’tiye ba’du ayati Rabbik Are they waiting for angels, or for their Rabb, or for the miracles of their Rabb to come to them in order to believe? What right do they have beside the signs that sent to them? Hel yenzurune what more can they wait? From now on, angels will come to them only to bring death and they should wait for their Rabb’s wrath too. They should wait for the signs of the apocalypse that Allah promised them. Other than that, they have no rights. Other meanings can be derived from this translation but I tried to give the closest one to Taberi’s interpretation with a few subtexts.
yevme ye’tiy ba’du ayati Rabbike la yenfeu nefsen imanuha lem tekun amenet min kablu ev kesebet fiy imaniha hayra The faith of he who had not believed before or whose faith did not benefit him will be of no use when he sees the extraordinary signs of his Rabb!
Of course the Judgement Day is mentioned here, that terrifying day when the eyes of people will pop because of the terror, their chest will burst with dread, every secret will be revealed and no where left to run from Allah’s judgement.
This sentence require more attention dear friends, la yenfeu nefsen imanuha this sentence is a curious one. By literature it should be translated as this. He who didn’t make good deeds with his faith. As in Qur’an doesn’t count a faith strong if it isn’t strengthened with good deeds. We should read this part. That faith won’t help his owner. It’s a clear statement. la yenfeu nefsen imanuha What kind of faith is this? A faith without goodness, a faith only to weight the heart, a faith sentence for life in the heart, the capitol of body country. Shortly, a faith without proof cannot help it’s owner.
kulinteziru inna muntezirun Say: “Wait you: we too are waiting.” Wait o, you who reject Allah, who terrorize the faithful, who tyrannize the earth. Wait for the day when the reckoning shall happen.
159-) Innelleziyne ferreku diynehum ve kanu shiye’an leste minhum fiy shey’in, innema emruhum ilAllahi summe yunebbiuhum Bi ma kanu yef’alun;
Those who fragment the understanding of religion and form various sects, you shall have no business with them, my Rasul! Their account is left to Allah… They will be notified of the truth of what they used to do.
As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, thou hast no part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah. He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Innelleziyne ferreku diynehum ve kanu shiye’an As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects leste minhum fiy shey’in, you shall have no business with them.
First of all, the verse talks about the ones who breaks the unity. Unity means integrity, strength. Everything is connected and realizing this fact is to create the faith they leads to Allah with unity. This bond shouldn’t be denied or ignored. And breaking this unity is the same with going astray from the true path, this is the verse implies.
Not only this mentality breaks the communities but it break the person too. If you break the truth, you become broken as well. Your life becomes your enemy, your community becomes your adversary. Because when it happens, everyone raises up his part of the truth and say, “I have the absolute truth.” kullu hizbin Bima ledeyhim ferihun (Rum/32) Every sect will raise his part and glorify with it. This is what Qur’an says.
Abu Hureyre comments that this verse cam efor us because of this objection. Those who try to privatize the message of Qur’an, those who selfishly takes the Qur’an to themselves only, those who claim that Qur’an is theirs alone should come near it. This also carries a reference to people who says “You cannot understand Qur’an, only we can tell it to you.”
innema emruhum ilAllahi Their account is left to Allah. summe yunebbiuhum Bi ma kanu yef’alun They will be notified of the truth of what they used to do.
160-) Men cae Bil haseneti felehu ‘ashru emsaliha* ve men cae Bisseyyieti fela yucza illa misleha ve hum la yuzlemun;
Whoever comes with one good, shall receive tenfold of what he brings… And whoever comes with one bad, will only receive the results of that one! They will not be wronged. (A.Hulusi)
He that doeth good shall have ten times as much to his credit: He that doeth evil shall only be recompensed according to his evil: no wrong shall be done unto them. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Men cae Bil haseneti felehu ‘ashru emsaliha* Whoever comes with one good, shall receive tenfold of what he brings. ve men cae Bisseyyieti fela yucza illa misleha And whoever comes with one bad, will only receive the results of that one! ve hum la yuzlemun They will not be wronged.
Yes, dear friends, this is a reference to the 12th verse of this chapter. ketebe ala nefsiHIr rahme.. What was it? Our Rabb makes a principle with His own Mercy. This is the ultimate result of this principle. If you do good, you get tenfold, if you do bad, you only recieve the result of that one.
Rasulallah explain this fact with these hadith. “If a believer wishes to make a good deed but unable to for inconvinience, he gets its rewards as he did. But if he thinks about making a sin, but convince himself not to go with it, it gets a reward because of his choice.” This is a great news indeed, dear faithful friends.
161-) Kul inneniy hedaniy Rabbiy ila sıratin mustekiym* diynen kiyemen millete Ibrahiyme haniyfa* ve ma kane minel mushrikiyn;
Say, “Indeed my Rabb has guided me to the straight path… To the religion in effect, the hanif people of Abraham… And he was not of the dualists. (A.Hulusi)
Say: “Verily, my Lord hath guided me to a Way that is straight,- a religion of right,- the Path (trod) by Abraham the true in Faith, and he (certainly) joined not gods with Allah.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul inneniy hedaniy Rabbiy ila sıratin mustekiym* Say, “Indeed my Rabb has guided me to the straight path. diynen kiyemen millete Ibrahiyme haniyfa* ve ma kane minel mushrikiyn To the religion in effect, the hanif people of Abraham… And he was not of the dualists.
Here it is proposed to the people of the Book, a name which they all would agree on. Even Meccans. If you are sincere come to Abraham’s religion. It doesn’t say, come to us; it says come to yourselves. Because you say we are Abraham’s children and we believe his religion. So let’s build a unity confederation and put the prophet Abraham at the top place and we should all follow him. This is what is said here.
162-) Kul inne Salatiy ve Nusukiy ve mahyaye ve mematiy Lillahi Rabbil alemiyn;
Say, “Indeed my salat (prayer, introspection), my practices (to attain closeness to Allah), my life and everything I am to live through my death, is for Allah, the Rabb of the worlds (they are for the manifestation of the qualities pertaining to Allah’s Names). (A.Hulusi)
Say: “Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Worlds: (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul inne Salatiy and the word comes to the oath. Kul inne Salatiy ve Nusukiy ve mahyaye ve mematiy Lillahi Rabbil alemiyn Say: “Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Worlds: Say: This is our oath. This is what we are given by Qur’an. Let’s all say together.
Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Worlds:
Our prophet had read this oath where we read subhaneke, in every of his prayers for years.
163-) La sheriyke leHU, ve Bi zalike umirtu ve ene evvelul muslimiyn;
“The concept of duality cannot be conceived in regards to HU! I have been commanded thusly; I am the leader of those who experience submission!” (A.Hulusi)
No partner hath He: this am I commanded, and I am the first of those who submit to His will. (A.Yusuf Ali)
La sheriyke leHU, No partner has He ve Bi zalike umirtu this am I commanded ve ene evvelul muslimiyn and I am the first of those who submit to His will.
164-) Kul egayrAllahi ebgiy Rabben ve HUve Rabbu kulli shey’in, ve la teksibu kullu nefsin illa aleyha* ve la teziru vaziretun vizra uhra* summe ila Rabbikum merciukum feyunebbiukum Bi ma kuntum fiyhi tahtelifun;
Say, “How can I think of a Rabb other than Allah when He is the Rabb of all! What each soul earns is for each soul… A criminal cannot take responsibility for the crime of another! Your return will be to your Rabb! He will inform you about the things over which you differ.” (A.Hulusi)
Say: “Shall I seek for (my) Lord other than Allah, when He is the Cherisher of all things (that exist)? Every soul draws the meed of its acts on none but itself: no bearer of burdens can bear of burdens can bear the burden of another. Your return in the end is towards Allah. He will tell you the truth of the things wherein ye disputed.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul egayrAllahi ebgiy Rabben ve HUve Rabbu kulli shey’in, Say: “Shall I seek for (my) Lord other than Allah, when He is the Cherisher of all things (that exist)? ve la teksibu kullu nefsin illa aleyha* every soul draws the meed of its acts on none but itself: ve la teziru vaziretun vizra uhra* no bearer of burdens can bear of burdens can bear the burden of another.
We understand this right? Let me repeat this part. Kul egayrAllahi ebgiy Rabben ve HUve Rabbu kulli shey’in, Say: “Shall I seek for (my) Lord other than Allah, when He is the Cherisher of all things (that exist)? Kulu means all of you. As in the verses start with this “kul” word means every person is targeted individually. So you human, say this: Shall I seek for another Rabb, when my Rabb is the Creator and Cherisher of all things.
ve la teksibu kullu nefsin illa aleyha* every soul draws the meed of its acts on none but itself: ve la teziru vaziretun vizra uhra* no bearer of burdens can bear of burdens can bear the burden of another.
Here the doctrine of first sin in Christianism is rejected. There’s a reference. According to Christianism, a person borns with sin, that’s why they should be baptised, absolved from this sin. Also according to Christianic religion scholarship, Jesus was crucifixed and dies to absolve humanity from their sins. Naturally if you create such a made up sin to begin with, you should later be forced to create another superstition to clean it.
So what does Qur’an says about humanity at this point? It says “Humans are pure in essence.” ..fitratAllahilletiy fetaren Nase aleyha.. Rum/30 The nature of humans which Allah created them upon is pure. That’s why the prophet said;
– Kulli mevludin yuledu ala fitratil Islam. Every newborn comes with a clean nature.
Evil cannot be a part of natural existence, according to Islamic belief. Crimes cannot be generallised. If evil become natural, crime follow that nature, hence the need of confessions of sins. As you can see, a simple fork on the road can lead to many false paths. This is how one can fall into shirq without noticing. Allah is Oftenly-Forgiving and Most Merciful. So why one might need to go someone else to try to get rid of their own sins? In our beliefs tevbe should be made only to Allah. Allah is the door of redemption.
summe ila Rabbikum merciukum Your return in the end is towards Allah. feyunebbiukum Bi ma kuntum fiyhi tahtelifun He will tell you the truth of the things wherein ye disputed.” You will see all of the truths about the things you dispute, when the time comes. When the time comes, you will see the truths of everything.
165-) Ve “HU”velleziy ce’alekum halaifel’ Ardi ve refe’a ba’dakum fevka ba’din deracatin liyebluvekum fiyma atakum* inne Rabbeke seriy’ul ‘ikab* ve inneHU le Gafûrun Rahiym;
It is HU who appointed you vicegerents upon the earth (the body) and elevated some of you over others in degrees, to try you with (actualize) what He gave to you (the forces of the Names)… Indeed, your Rabb is sariul iqab (the One who enforces the consequences of actions without relenting)! He is the Ghafur, the Rahim. (A.Hulusi)
It is He Who hath made you the inheritors of the earth: He hath raised you in ranks, some above others: that He may try you in the gifts He hath given you: for thy Lord is quick in punishment: yet He is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve “HU”velleziy ce’alekum halaifel’ Ardi It is He Who has made you the inheritors of the earth. This is a proof for humans natural purity. This responsibility has been given to mankind. Humans are not Allah’s inheritors but the world. World is entrusted to us. So betraying earth is betraying this truth.
ve refe’a ba’dakum fevka ba’din deracatin liyebluvekum fiyma atakum He has raised you in ranks, some above others: that He may try you in the gifts He has given you. Also another reference to the differences between laws.
inne Rabbeke seriy’ul ‘ikab* for your Lord is quick in punishment ve inneHU le Gafurun Rahiym: yet He is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful
Mind you dear friends, this chapter started with Hamd and now it ends with the same mercy. This indicates that the mercy and protection of our Rabb surround us. So we end our speech with this gratitude.
O our Rabb, you addressed us. You communicated us by your signs. You showed your mercy in the forms of revelations. For that we are eternally grateful and forever in your debt. All praises and glories to you. Amen.
“Ve ahiru davana velil hamdulillahi rabbil alemiyn” (Jonah/10) “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds!” All products of our claims, causes and lives are for Allah and our last word to our Allah is “Hamd”.