Rabbishrah liy sadriy
Ve yessilriy emriy
Vahlul ukdeten min lisaniy
Vefkahu kavliy (Taha 25-26-27-28)
“My Rabb, expand my consciousness”
“Ease my task for me.”
“Untie the knot in my tongue.”
“So that they understand (the intricacy of) my words.”
This great chapter of Qur’an is called ARAF. It gets its name from the words el araf in 46th and 48th verses. In most common and literal meaning araf means stage, a place where everyone can see. But it can also be used in its metaphorical form which means seperation the right from wrong.
Its time of arrival although the 7th verse in official order, it’s the second half of Meccan era morely the years before Hejira of Rasulallah in Mecca.
By the context the chapter starts with huruf-u mukadda, heca letters like many chapters in Qur’an.
Another things to consider the position of this chapter in official order. Why it is to be read after the An’am chapter, even it came later than that chapter. It’s this. Almost every topic we have studier in An’am chapter find their places in this chapter too. This chapter is a 206 verses long chapter and firstly it illuminates the importance of verses.
After that the creation of humanity is studied and Allah informs us about the origin of mankind on earth, how we came to be. All things created cannot be thought without Allah. And the longest passage of this chapter, 75 verses talks about the sons of Israel.
So why did this happen? In Mecca almost non-existing population of Jews in those lands and yet years before Hejira this chapter had arrived. Why the significance? Well the first reason is the warning. Warning true believers how they took the responsibility of carrying the celestial revelations and what awaits them if they ignore of betray this duty as the jews had done.
1-) Elif, Lam, Miiiym, Saaad;
Eliif, Laa, Miiim, Saaad. (A.Hulusi)
Elif, lam, mim, sad. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Elif, Lam, Miiiym, Saaad; As you know these letters are called huruf-u mukadda. Interpreting these letters we did at the beginning of Baqarah chapter. Those who wish to learn more may check there. There are many rumors have been said about them. What are the meanings of them, functions of them, significance of them. There are countless theories about them, surely some might be true to a certain degree.
We might think them are a starting point, a mental preparation for reading Qur’an. There are many proofs about this theory since all huruf-u mukadda are at the beginning of a chapter. Although it is significant, the explanation isn’t quite sufficent. That’s why we have to say what Abu Bekir had said about this. Every book, every revelations has a secret. Qur’an’s secret is huruf-u mukadda.
2-) Kitabun unzile ileyke fela yekun fiy sadrike harecun minhu li tunzire Bihi ve zikra lil mu’miniyn;
This Knowledge (Book) of the reality and sunnatullah that has been revealed to you, is for you to warn (the unbelievers) and to advise the believers (as to how and what to believe and what to practice)… So, let there be no more distress in you regarding this. (A.Hulusi)
A Book revealed unto thee,- So let thy heart be oppressed no more by any difficulty on that account,- that with it thou mightest warn (the erring), and a reminder to the Believers. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kitabun unzile ileyke A Book revealed unto you, fela yekun fiy sadrike harecun minhu So let your heart be oppressed no more by any difficulty on that account.
Harac. Actually Ibn Abbas and Mucahid translated the word haraç as doubt. So based on this translation, some western orientalist took the idea from the intentionally wrong perspective and said Rasulallah had doubted the origin of revelations. But Ibn Abbas and Mucahids intentions were definitely far from it. So the feature of the doubt is in fact that the revelations might not convert the communities, the result is the only thing that might be seen doubtful here. We will see the proofs of this is 34th verse of this chapter. Ve li kulli ummetin ecel every community has its time. When the time comes there won’t be a single second left before or after.
This verse shows the discomfort of Rasulallah about this subject. The signs of Allah might not be able to bring the necessary effect to convert the community or not. It’s the doubt that, “This people are really capable of elevating?” How can this community be better with that much inner alienation, with that much severed human interactions. How can they listen to Allah. It’s this doubt that haunted Rasulallah. So this idea as a starting point it’s appropriate to translate the sentence fela yekun fiy sadrike harecun minhu accordingly.
As you show admiration to him, Rasulallah did run an exhausting invitation marathon when these verses arrived. All those years he gave everything to the actions that help Qur’an settle humans hearts, change their identities, enlighten their horizons, help people to reach Allah. But Meccan community couldn’t set their interests aside and cannot look for the truth beyond because of their simple ordinary profits and by that they turned their backs to revelations. Rasulallah was very upset about that because in truth they only turn their back to themselves. Sometimes Rasulallah was blaming himself, thinking whether the problem was about him or not.
So there are times when Allah comforted his beloved Rasul, our dear master like this. Saying, these reactions are not just to you, in fact almost all prophets in the history of prophethood, faced these kinds of reactions. You are not the first, fort here were much worse cases before you. Different chapters descibed different examples about that. Many prophets suffered heavily, there were many communities which resist on denial and turn their vile actions into a terrible aggression, says Qur’an.
So, when we read these verses we might take a glimpse on the mental state of Rasulallah at that time. Somewhat pessimistic, a little exhausted, tiring nature of all those years of carrying the signs to people and seeing how all those people turn their backs to their own eternal happinesses. And over all those feelings how the verses open new horizons in him and invigorating him. Reminding him to stand strong and the communities of earth are bound to social laws. That’s how Rasulallah was told to be calm and collected.
li tunzire Bihi ve zikra lil mu’miniyn A book was sent down to you. This was said above. So, let there be no more distress in you regarding this.
The message is clear. Do your job, don’t look for anything else. The salvation of people are not in your hands. You just fulfill your responsibilities, leave the rest to Allah. Your duty is to warn them and tell the true believers about the eternal truth. What is that truth?
3-) Ittebi’u ma unzile ileykum min Rabbikum ‘* kaliylen ma tezekkerun;
Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb… Do not follow allies (those who give external [information that leads you away from your divine reality] and internal [ego based, carnal information]) outside of your Rabb… How little you remember and contemplate in depth! (A.Hulusi)
Follow (O men!) the revelation given unto you from your Lord, and follow not, as friends or protectors, other than Him. Little it is ye remember of admonition. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ittebi’u ma unzile ileykum min Rabbikum Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb. If you have belief, it’s only natural to follow the path your belief has opened for you. Making it the guide of your lives. It becomes your duty to follow that path. This verse reminds another one we had studied before. ve la tettebi’u min duniHI evliya Follow Qur’an, the book that comes to you from your Rabb. If you don’t than defacto, you follow something else without noticing. It’s this reminder. Don’t commit to something else.
I translated the word Evliya as authority based on other translations like Razi, Ibn Teymiyye and Ibn Hazm. This verse also invites us to a heart revolution. You choose Allah as guidance, you commit to celestial laws, you take Allah and Qur’an as your guide so that you will n ever be without path. But if you don’t, if you ignore your faiths, then your desires, instincts and egos will be your only assets. You follow them.
If your guidance isn’t the signs of Allah, it is the signs of satan. It’s that simple. One should understand this perfectly.
Qur’an gives us the laws that human nature is bound to. This is the psychological law. In through history, humans follow either of these paths. Right or wrong. Although there’s one remedy to cure the wrong paths walk, there are many illnesses if you go out that path because there are countless forks in the road that leads you to dead ends.
kaliylen ma tezekkerun; Little it is you remember of admonition. This is the advice we all should keep in our minds. And yet we constantly forget the fact that if we don’t settle the faith in our hearts, satan will take over our hearts and with that the leadership of our destiny. How often we forget this terrible danger.
4-) Ve kem min karyetin ehleknaha fecaeha be’suna beyaten ev hum kailun;
How many cities of people We have destroyed; Our torment came to them while they were sleeping at night or during the day. (A.Hulusi)
How many towns have We destroyed (for their sins)? Our punishment took them on a sudden by night or while they slept for their afternoon rest. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve kem min karyetin ehleknaha How many towns have We destroyed for their sins? fecaeha be’suna beyaten ev hum kailun Our torment came to them while they were sleeping at night or during the day.
Here Kailun has a meaning of kaylule, an afternoon nap. Whatever the intentional meaning, the message here is this. The disaster comes when you are sure of yourself. The second you think you are sage, the least expected moment, like when you sleep at night or nap at noon; the moment you forget that you need Allah, the problems, torments and wrath catch you. This concept comes in many verses of Qur’an. This is a reminder.
5-) Fema kane da’vahum iz caehum be’suna illa en kalu inna kunna zalimiyn;
When Our torment came to them, their exclamation was no other than, “We were indeed wrongdoers.” (A.Hulusi)
When (thus) Our punishment took them, no cry did they utter but this: “Indeed we did wrong.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Fema kane da’vahum iz caehum be’suna illa en kalu inna kunna zalimiyn When Our torment came to them, their exclamation was no other than, “We were indeed wrongdoers.”
Isn’t that right? What else people who meet their disasters first hand, who witness the great wrath can say? They cannot, they could now. They can only confess that these torments come to them because of their own doings. Otherwise they might choose to blame for someone or something else and that road directly leads to slandering Allah.
6-) Felenes’elennelleziyne ürsile ileyhim velenes’elennel murseliyn;
Most certainly We will ask both those to whom a Rasul has been sent and the Rasuls! (A.Hulusi)
Then shall we question those to whom Our Message was sent and those by whom We sent it. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Felenes’elennelleziyne ürsile ileyhim velenes’elennel murseliyn Most certainly We will ask both those to whom a Rasul has been sent and the Rasuls!
After all those verses regarding the disasters and punisments to societies, this one arrives. We will ask to prophets, to Rasuls that has been sent to those communities.
To those who were sent, it will be asked whether they did their job or not. “Did you fulfill your duties of delivering the signs, integrating them to life, being an example; duties that I gave you?” As in there won’t be anything like; “You are a prophet, you are chosen, go on.” No, you had a mission, you had a responsibility and you will be asked for those. Even the prophets will be questioned. Remember, the verse is clear. velenes’elennel murseliyn; “Oath shall be that we will ask those who carry the prophethood.” They shall be questioned as well.
So even the prophets shall be questioned, what may have more of those who aren’t prophets? Do they think they won’t be interrogated. No, after asking the prophets the questions will begin for the communities of those prophets. We shall be asked that we did our duties to the signs we had recieved or not.
They did their duties of delivering the signs to you. They became examples, leaders of your community. So did you accept them as your examples, leaders and did you put those signs as your guidance? Or did you just leave these verses without giving them any attentions like orphans?
Shey’e bepni surete hudun ve ahavatuha. Our prophet said “My hair became white because of the chapter Hut and other related chapters.” We also witness this in his Last Call. We know that he addressed people in tears. “O People, O Nas, O believers, my community.” – Ela hel belagt..!’ “Did I deliver, did I inform you?”
This was the legitimate concern. The concern of giving the statement to Allah. The concern of delivering the ultimate responsibility that he had taken. These words were all because of that concern. Ela hel belagt..!’ “Did I deliver, did I inform you?” And the community replied as one voice.
“Yes, you delivered. You did your part, you informed us and you carried the duty of prophethood.” Then he turned and call Allah as witness. Like saying, O Rabb, this is my answer when the time comes and you ask me the ultimate question.”
Rabbena feshhed..! he was saying. “Witness, o Rabb.”This concern of prophet was always in his heart because of the verses like these.
Ve kaler Rasulu ya Rabbi inne kavmittehazu hazel Kur’ane mehcura Furkan/30
Rasul will say, the prophet will say, “O my Rabb” As a complain. “Here’s my community. The people you had sent me to.” ittehazu hazel Kur’ane mehcura They deserted this text of Qur’an, this celestial call, this invitation.
7-) Felenekussanne aleyhim Bi ilmin ve ma kunna gaibiyn;
Surely We are going to reveal the truth of the matter! We are not unaware (of what transpires) (He is the Batin and the Zahir – The angelic forces comprising manifestation are derived from Our Names). (A.Hulusi)
And verily, We shall recount their whole story with knowledge, for We were never absent (at any time or place). (A.Yusuf Ali)
Felenekussanne aleyhim Bi ilmin Surely We are going to reveal the truth of the matter ve ma kunna gaibiyn We were never absent.
What is the truth of matter about them? Allah will reveal all the hidden things, even the things they keep to themselves in their hearts and minds in Judgement Day. The meaning of this, “I know you better than you do.” Allah will display this fact in that day.
8–) Vel veznu yevmeizinil Hakk* femen sekulet mevaziynuhu feulaike humul muflihun;
The evaluation (of everything that transpires) in that time is done in truth (based on the creeds of Allah)… Those whose scales (evaluations) weigh heavy, they are the ones who will overcome all obstacles and attain liberation. (A.Hulusi)
The balance that day will be true (to a nicety): those whose scale (of good) will be heavy, will prosper: (A.Yusuf Ali)
Vel veznu yevmeizinil Hakk The evaluation of everything that transpires in that time is done in truth. There’s no wrong, no mistakes. There won’t be any injustice that day. That day, all the values of humans will be given in truth. There won’t be any masks to hide faces, there won’t be any bribery for extras. We will see many people who look worthy and valuable on earth but in fact they were so arrogant and worthless as their own underwears. femen sekulet mevaziynuhu feulaike humul muflihun those whose scale of good will be heavy, will prosper.
9-) Ve men haffet mevaziynuhu feulaikelleziyne hasiru enfusehum Bi ma kanu Bi ayatina yazlimun;
And those whose scales (evaluations) weigh light, they are the ones who will have wronged Our signs and thus become losers. (A.Hulusi)
Those whose scale will be light, will find their souls in perdition, for that they wrongfully treated Our Signs. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve men haffet mevaziynuhu Those whose scale will be light, feulaikelleziyne hasiru enfusehum Bi ma kanu Bi ayatina yazlimun will find their souls in perdition, for that they wrongfully treated Our Signs.
Look at the weight of this expression, dear Qur’an friends. Wasting your own self consciosness. Wasting yourselves. hasiru enfusehum They waste themselves and become losers. Those who turn their backs to the truth become alienated to themselves. So the bottom line is the total defeat and lost.
So this, hasiru enfusehum is the worst thing a man can do to himself. Qur’an uses this expression frequently, to show us that distancing ourselves to the truth is the same thing with distancing own own essences. This leads to self destruct at the end.
10-) Ve lekad mekkennakum fiyl Ardi ve ce’alna lekum fiyha me’ayish* kaliylen ma teshkurun;
Indeed We have established you upon the earth and produced blessings therein with which you sustain your livelihood. How little you evaluate! (A.Hulusi)
It is We Who have placed you with authority on earth, and provided you therein with means for the fulfillment of your life: small are the thanks that ye give! (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve lekad mekkennakum fiyl Ardi Here Qur’an brings the speech to manknd and gives us this warning. Indeed We have established you upon the earth ve ce’alna lekum fiyha me’ayish* and produced blessings therein with which you sustain your livelihood kaliylen ma teshkurun small are the thanks that you give!
Did you notice it? That kind of addressing can only be found in a book that came from Allah. One sentence to cover all the existing histroy of mankind. How can one think this impactful sentence only arrived to educate a small community, a small town in the middle of nowhere. How can Mecca take this this sentence alone, can Mecca handle this kind of treatment, even the entire Arabis peninsula, a whole century wouldn’t be able to cover the content of this sentence. This is the journey of humanity on earth and that kind of words can only be found in a celestial speech.
Is it coincidence that human life began to exist on earth. This verse asks us this question. Do you think it’s a coincidence. In known space, only in our galaxy there are 100 billion stars. These are all systems. And among all those systems, we are in one. And in that system we live on one of the planets. And in the meantime, we have no idea or lead that show us that there are responsible and conscious beings might exist somewhere in the entire universe. All these preparations, all these small details that help us continue our existence on this planet. Are all these coincidences?
Quran reminds us this fact and say, “How small we show our gratitudes.” kaliylen ma teshkurun; the final sentence of the verse. We owe our existence to Allah. We live on earth because of Allah. Not even to your fathers, your meanings, we all owe everything to Allah.
11-) Ve lekad halaknakum summe savvernakum summe kulna lil melaiketiscudu liAdeme, fesecedu illa ibliys* lem yekun mines sacidiyn;
In truth, We have created you and given you form. Then We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam (in respect of Adam being the manifestation of the totality of Allah’s Names)”; so they all prostrated (realized their nothingness in the sight of the manifestation of Allah’s Names), except for Iblis. He was not of those who prostrated (He was of the jinn; an ego-based existence). (A.Hulusi)
It is We Who created you and gave you shape; then We bade the angels prostrate to Adam, and they prostrated; not so Iblis; He refused to be of those who bow down. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve lekad halaknakum It is We who created you summe savvernakum and gave you shape summe kulna lil melaiketiscudu liAdeme then We bade the angels prostrate to Adam.
Here summe savvernakum and gave you shape. We had created you, gave you life and then gave you shape. savvernakum this could also be a reference to humanities process of education. Also it can be taken as physical changes throughout the history of humanity.
summe kulna lil melaiketiscudu liAdeme then We bade the angels prostrate to Adam.
According to Gazali, the angels describes in this verse weren’t the heavens angels but the angels on earth. From this point of view we can easily say this. This sentence carry the meaning of “We made the forces of nature bow down to humanity.” All the blessings of nature, all the values, all the power that keep the earth intact, were given the humanities disposal. It is called Teshiyr. Muhassar; it means given them to their disposal, entrusted them with.
Ve sahhare lekumulleyle vennehare veşShemse vel Kamer* venNucumu musahharatun Bi emriHI.. (Nahl/12) All the earth and the sky are given to you. These expressions are the references to the secrets of teshiyr. That’s why it exists in Qur’an. The laws of nature have been given to mankinds order.
This is the meaning that can be taken from the expression bown down. This act of prostrating isn’t about worshipping of course. It’s a form of respect. This creation was worthy of respect. fesecedu illa ibliys and they prostrated; not so Iblis; lem yekun mines sacidiyn; he refused to be of those who bow down.
Here the Adam word we read in this verse, symbolically represents all humanity. As we notice before, the journey of mankind has been told here with a symbolic tone. So naturally Adam represents the entire human race as we know it. There are seven chapters in Qur’an which describe this situation in details. We mentioned that in Baqarah chapter. If more information needed, you may check there.
Iblis here is the symbol of frustration and hopelessness. In literary iblis means hopeless case. If a person says, “I lost my hope”, it has a meaning “I become a demon”.
This symbolical frame has another perspective if it is look from the eyes of the first readers. It’s this. According to Meccan heathens, angels have very different missions. According to them, angels were Allah’s daugthers and the idols they worshipped were the symbols of those angels. The expression of prostrating adam has also another motive. Destroying the angel image in heathens minds. Saying, “The things you worship are the things that bow down to you. So what kind of people are you turning things upside down. The things you symbolize and worship are the same ones who bow down to you. They are at your disposal. How come you make yourself servants to the same things that you actually are masters of.
Earth has been given to you and you became a servant of it. All earth and skies are given to you tasked by Allah for your happiness and joy. You made your servants, your master and forget about Allah. Your mind became twisted, your perception of truth is upside down. You didn’t bown down to the one you should, you bow down to the ones which should bown down to you. This is the message here. This symbolic frame gives us one of the biggest truths we witness.
12-) Kale ma mene’ake ella tescude iz emertuk* kale ene hayrun minhu, halakteniy min narin ve halaktehu min tiyn;
(Allah) said, “What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?” (Iblis) said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire (radiation – a specific frequency based existence. Note that the word fire [naar] in this verse is the same as the word used in reference to hellfire. This is worth contemplating upon!) and created him from clay (matter).” (A.Hulusi)
(Allah) said: “What prevented thee from bowing down when I commanded thee?” He said: “I am better than he: Thou didst create me from fire, and him from clay.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kale ma mene’ake ella tescude iz emertuk* Allah said, “What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?” kale ene hayrun minhu, He said: “I am better than he: halakteniy min narin ve halaktehu min tiyn You did create me from fire, and him from clay.
This is the logic. This is the polemic of satan, dear friends. A mind which percieve Allah wrong, cannot do anything right. Satans biggest mistake was percieving Allah wrong. This is the analogy of satan. Fire is superior to clay. I came from fire so I am superior. This is the demonic analogy, satanic comparison.
You cannot make right suggestions with wrong analogies. Just like it’s impossible to build a right building on a wrong foundation. That’s why I call, satan, the first materialist. Why? Because he is the first creature bragged with something isn’t his choice. He didn’t choose his creation material but he brags about it anyway. It’s like the same analogy with, “I’m superior. I’m from that community.” Or “I’m superior because I’m a male. Males are superiors.”
The same thing. Demonic logic, that’s all. Bragging with something without our control. Whether it’s race, color or gender. None of those were chosen by you, they were chosen for you. Superiority can only be achieved with individuals own choices. That chose is and should be the responsibility consciousness to Allah and respect. It means takwa.
13-) Kale fehbit minha fema yekunu leke en tetekebbera fiyha fahruc inneke mines sagiriyn;
(Allah) said, “Descend from your rank, for this rank is not for arrogance and feeling superior over others! Go! Indeed, you have debased yourself.” (A.Hulusi)
(Allah) said: “Get thee down from it (the Garden): it is not for thee to be arrogant here: get out, for thou art of the meanest (of creatures).” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kale fehbit minha Allah said, “Descend from your rank,” This isn’t some fallen angel situation, it’s just demotion. fema yekunu leke en tetekebbera fiyha for this rank is not for arrogance and feeling superior over others! fahruc inneke mines sagiriyn Go! Indeed, you have debased yourself.”
14-) Kale enzirniy ila yevmi yub’asun;
Iblis said, “Reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected (after death).” (A.Hulusi)
He said: “Give me respite till the day they are raised up.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kale enzirniy ila yevmi yub’asun Iblis said, “Reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.
15-) Kale inneke minel munzariyn;
(Allah) said, “Indeed you are of those reprieved.” (A.Hulusi)
(Allah) said: “Be thou among those who have respite.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kale inneke minel munzariyn; Allah said, “Indeed you are of those reprieved.”
16-) Kale feBima agveyteniy leak’udenne lehum siratakel mustekiym;
(Iblis) said, “Because You have led me astray, (yudhillu man yashau – based on the reality that He leads astray whom He wills), I shall most certainly sit on Your straight path (sirat al-mustaqim) to prevent them.” (A.Hulusi)
He said: “Because thou hast thrown me out (of the Way), lo! I will lie in wait for them on Thy Straight Way: (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kale feBima agveyteniy leak’udenne lehum siratakel mustekiym (Iblis) said, “Because You have led me astray… Literally. He said You led me astray, you threw me out of the path.
“You did this.” He said. He slandered Allah, not admitting his guilt. He was trying to make a powerful appearance by not admitting the responsibility of his choice. This is what offended Allah. He did make a choice so he should take responsibity of it. Tevbe is just that, taking responsibility.
There is also a reference here, leak’udenne lehum siratakel mustekiym; I shall most certainly sit on Your straight path to prevent them.” It has the meaning of this. Satan is on the straight path but appearantly sitting on the right path isn’t enough. You should ask the reason of your position. So in order to say that satan is on the right path, you should first ask the motive of his. Not just for him, everyone should ask this question to himself. Why are you on this path? Islam is the righteous path and you are all on it for sure. But what are you doing there, that’s important.
Satan sits on that road, he’s not there for walking. Roads ar efor walking, to arrive, to reach something or somewhere. But he hasn’t used the road fort his purpose. No, he’s there to tackle the people who walk on it. Sitting false on a right path. This is the problem. That’s why the reason is more imporant than your position.
17-) Summe leatiyennehum min beyni eydiyhim ve min halfihim ve an eymanihim ve an shemailihim* ve la tecidu ekserehum shakiriyn;
“Then I will come to them from before them (by provoking ambition in them and glorifying their sense of self [ego] to lead them to the denial of the Truth) and from behind them (by imposing delusive ideas in them and leading them to disguised forms of shirq [duality]) and on their right (by inspiring them to do ‘good deeds’ that will take them away from You) and on their left (by beautifying misdeeds and making the wrong appear as right)… And You will find most of them as ungrateful to You (unable to evaluate what You have given them)!” (A.Hulusi)
“Then will I assault them from before them and behind them, from their right and their left: Nor wilt Thou find, in most of them, gratitude (for Thy mercies).” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Summe leatiyennehum min beyni eydiyhim ve min halfihim “Then will I assault them from before them and behind them.” That means he will assoult us directly and coverty. In this case we should look for the subtext of satans oppositions. It has this meaning, “I will make them do evil things consciously, knowingly, directly. If I cannot pull this off, I will use another apporach, I will attack them behind, using tricks they cannot notice to throw them off from the true path.”
ve an eymanihim ve an shemailihim from their right and their left. As in by both being seen and using their weaknesses and instincts. Eymanihim means from right. This is the meaning. I will appear like I’m the right. I will wear a mask and convince them. I will say this is for your benefit.
I will appear direcly. I will take the form of meterial and try to sever his their bonds from Allah. In case I cannot achieve that, receiving the response of “I cannot do without Allah, I owe everything to him.”
This time I will say, “You are young, you have a live in front of you. Live now, you have a long life. You do all these when you become older when you don’t have anything else to do.”
If I still cannot success, I choose another path. Saying, “Hurry then, do all these, be a better muslim, be the greatest, you should do everything perfectly.” Naturally he won’t be able to do all that and leave the path.
Maybe he doesn’t fall for that too saying, “No, I can do what I can do. Allah doesn’t need my deeds. The real thing is my efforts to show my best. Otherwise I shouldn’t take a weight that I cannot handle.” He shows his smarts but I won’t leave him yet, I will make another approach.
“Saying, “You are flawless, even I couldn’t con you. You still victorious agains satan, you are a good man, satan cannot throw you off.” If I can make him believe that, I manage to trick him.
But he says, “No, I’m not perfect and yes satan may trick me still. That’s why I’m not sure. That’s why I cannot trust myself but I’m always sharp, seeking sanctuary from Allah. I send him to Allah and constantly fighting evil.” Even if I take this response I won’t back down. I will attack him from some other angle.
Saying, “You are perfect. There were many people before you all fall into one of my tricks. But you don’t. You are always on balance. Why can enter heavens then but you. Who can take Allah’s mercy then but you.”
He might say, “Don’t name anyone happy before death. I’m not dead and my end is still unknown.” I might take this answer but I won’t back down and use another method.
Saying, “Everyone has his own destiny. Whatever yo do, you cannot get more that you are destined of.”
Even after all that, he still won’t quit surely but he realize that these people are not easy targets either.
This is what it’s like satans approach from front, back, right and left. ve la tecidu ekserehum shakiriyn; And You will find most of them as ungrateful to You.
18-) Kalahruc minha mez’umen medhura* lemen tebiake minhum leemleenne cehenneme minkum ecme’iyn;
(Allah) said, “Leave my rank; debased and distanced (from experiencing your reality)! Whoever follows you among them, I will surely fill hell with you all.” (A.Hulusi)
(Allah) said: “Get out from this, disgraced and expelled. If any of them follow thee,- Hell will I fill with you all. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kalahruc minha mez’umen medhura* (Allah) said: “Get out from this, disgraced and expelled. lemen tebiake minhum leemleenne cehenneme minkum ecme’iyn If any of them follow you,- Hell will I fill with you all.
19-) Ve Ya Ademuskun ente ve zevcukel cennete fekula min haysu shi’tuma ve la takreba hazihishecerete fetekuna minez zalimiyn;
“O Adam! Dwell, you and your spouse, in Paradise… Eat and drink from wherever you please, but do not approach this tree (the body – the consequences of accepting yourself as the body)… Lest you be among the wrongdoers. (A.Hulusi)
“O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and enjoy (its good things) as ye wish: but approach not this tree, lest you become of the unjust.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve Ya Ademuskun ente ve zevcukel cennete “O Adam! Dwell, you and your spouse, in Paradise fekula min haysu shi’tuma Eat and drink from wherever you please, ve la takreba hazihishecerete but do not approach this tree fetekuna minez zalimiyn; Lest you be among the wrongdoers.
20-) Fe vesvese lehumesheytanu liyubdiye lehuma ma vuriye anhuma min sev’atihima ve kale ma nehakuma Rabbukuma an hazihishecereti illa en tekuna melekeyni ev tekuna minel halidiyn;
Thereupon Satan whispered suspicions to them to make them aware of their ego and corporeality… He said, “The reason your Rabb forbids you from this tree (experiencing your corporeality) is so you do not become two angels (in the realm of forces) and live eternally!” (A.Hulusi)
Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them, in order to reveal to them their shame that was hidden from them (before): he said: “Your Lord only forbade you this tree, lest ye should become angels or such beings as live for ever.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Fe vesvese lehumesheytanu liyubdiye lehuma ma vuriye anhuma min sev’atihima Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them, in order to reveal to them their shame that was hidden from them.
I prefer to translate sev’atihima as sexuality, a reference for sexual organs is what it is used according to several translators. Naturally Ibn Abbas student Mucahid suggests that all these should be taken as symbolically, it’s an accurate approach.
These symbols represent also another truth from our Rabb. According to Mucahid’s translation, the dress that were removed are the sexuality instincts that satan revealed to them. As in satan wanted to remove humanities feeling of responsibility to Allah and peoples dignity, shortly he wanted to remove takwa from humans.
ve kale ma nehakuma Rabbukuma an hazihishecereti illa en tekuna melekeyni ev tekuna minel halidiyn He said, “The reason your Rabb forbids you from this tree is so you do not become two angels and live eternally!”
This is how satan approaches to us. With seemingly logical and by our side point of view.
21-) Ve kasemehuma inniy lekuma le minen nasihiyn;
“And he swore to them, ‘Indeed, I am from among the advisors’.” (A.Hulusi)
And he swore to them both, that he was their sincere adviser. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve kasemehuma inniy lekuma le minen nasihiyn; And he swore to them both, that he was their sincere adviser. A right sided approach. Becoming two angels, becoming immortals and reaching perfection. This is the trap. In this sense, he fanned the passion of consumption in humanity. Consume the garden but don’t create anything. Don’t take any responsibility, live without responsibility. Using the passion of immortality in humans to throw them off the path.
People who claim, “If I do it, I do it perfectly.” always fall into the trap of satan. You realize later that people with this claim never actually do anything. Because a perfect creature doesn’t need to do anything. The trap of angelization. The reality is this. “You are not perfect, you cannot do any perfection. What you can do is the best you are capable of.” This is what a wise man can say to himself. “I do what I can.”
22-) Fedellahuma Bigurur* felemma zakashecerete bedet lehüma sev’atuhuma ve tafika yahsifani aleyhima min varakil cenneti, ve nadahuma Rabbuhuma elem enhekuma an tilkumeahecereti ve ekul lekuma innesheytane lekuma aduvvun mubiyn;
Thus he deceived them (by imposing deluding thoughts, making them think they are the physical body; drawing their attention to their corporeality). And when they tasted that tree (sex; the mechanism of reproduction) they became aware of their corporeal-bodily selves! They began to cover themselves with the leaves of Paradise (they tried to suppress their corporeality with the forces of the Names present in their essence)… Their Rabb called to them, “Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you that Satan is an obvious enemy to you?” (A.Hulusi)
So by deceit he brought about their fall: when they tasted of the tree, their shame parts became manifest to them, and they began to sew together the leaves of the Garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them: “Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Fedellahuma Bigurur* So by deceit he brought about their fall felemma zakashecerete bedet lehuma sev’atuhuma when they tasted of the tree, their shame parts became manifest to them ve tafika yahsifani aleyhima min varakil cenneti, and they began to sew together the leaves of the Garden over their bodies.
Symbolization here is this, dear friends. These verses describe us that what happens when the sexuality becomes temptation in humans. As in, if you want people to step away from using his mind, then obsess them with sexuality. If one always thinks about this subject, he cannot think anything else with a sane mind. He cannot decide logically. This is a celestial reference that sexuality shouldn’t be used as temptation. There’s also another reference here, the expression of beginning to sew the leaves over their bodies. It shows us a quality of mankind from birth. El hayau minel iman. Dignity is from belief. By this perspective we understand that faith was put in mankinds software from get go.
So naturally this verse express that a person who tears down the responsibility and dignity in him becomes a slave of his own seuxal desires. The veil of responsibility which Mucahid takes the meaning as the dress of takwa. That’s why if a person tears down this dress, he immediately comes under the command of sexual desires. And by that path, under satans influence. This is why satan and demonic instincts usually comes with the same form.
ve nadahuma Rabbuhuma elem enhekuma an tilkumeahecereti And their Lord called unto them: “Did I not forbid you that tree, ve ekul lekuma innesheytane lekuma aduvvun mubiyn; and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?”
23-) Kala Rabbena zalemna enfusena ve in lem tagfir lena ve terhamna lenekunenne minel hasiriyn;
They said, “Our Rabb! We have wronged ourselves… If you do not forgive us and grace us we will surely be among the losers.” (A.Hulusi)
They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls: If Thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kala Rabbena zalemna enfusena They said, “Our Rabb! We have wronged ourselves…ve in lem tagfir lena ve terhamna lenekunenne minel hasiriyn If you do not forgive us and grace us we will surely be among the losers.
Yes, dear friends. It’s time to make comparison. The comparison of Adam and satan. This is the most important quality difference between them. Self critization, tewbe. Adam committed a sin, he confessed and accepted his guilt. But satan had tried to defend his sin, that what made him demon. This is the breaking point.
Both made mistakes, both became rebellious, both wronged themselves. But Adam understood his guilt and turned back, satan hadn’t, he hadn’t accepted his own guilt.
24-) Kalehbitu ba’dukum li ba’din aduvv* ve lekum fiyl Ardi mustekarrun ve meta’un ila hiyn;
(Allah) said, “Descend (to the constricted lower state of bodily existence from a life governed by pure forces) as enemies to one another (the duality of body and consciousness)! And for you on the earth (bodily state of existence) is a set time of existence and a set period, in which you will receive your share of provisions. (A.Hulusi)
(Allah) said: “Get ye down. With enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood,- for a time.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kalehbitu ba’dukum li ba’din aduvv Allah said: “Get you down. With enmity between yourselves. This is the reference of hostility between man and satan. Decend, a waked consciousness, a hardware of will. As in, if mankind hadn’t committed that sin, the moral responsibility wouldn’t be a thing. You cannot reward a creature without a choice of path. That’s why mankind became the real mankind the day they were casted out from paradise. This was the celestial scenario that Allah had written. The test of will with fire. That’s how the humans will should be tested, in all its life.
Kalehbitu ba’dukum li ba’din aduvv* ve lekum fiyl Ardi mustekarrun ve meta’un ila hiyn Allah said: “Get you down. With enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood,- for a time.
25-) Kale fiyha tahyevne ve fiyha temutune ve minha tuhrecun;
He said, “You will live therein and die therein and from it (the body) you will be brought forth.” (A.Hulusi)
He said: “Therein shall ye live, and therein shall ye die; but from it shall ye be taken out (at last).” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kale fiyha tahyevne ve fiyha temutune ve minha tuhrecun; He said, “You will live therein and die therein and from it the body you will be brought forth.”
26-) Ya Beniy Ademe kad enzelna aleykum libasen yuvariy sev’atikum ve riysha* ve libasut takva zalike hayr* zalike min ayatillahi leallehum yezzekkerun;
O Children of Adam… We have indeed disclosed to you clothing (knowledge of the reality) to cover your corporeality and as adornment (treats from His bounty)… The clothing for protection is surely the best… This is from the signs of Allah, perhaps they will think and take a lesson. (A.Hulusi)
O ye Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness,- that is the best. Such are among the Signs of Allah, that they may receive admonition! (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ya Beniy Ademe O Children of Adam. kad enzelna aleykum libasen yuvariy sev’atikum ve riysha We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. Also this could mean that we bestowed upon you the talent and skill to make garments and dresses. This verse has a reference to both the sense of shame and the passion for beauty. A declaration for humanities search for beauty, the feeling of esthetics, as well as a reference of nudity is crude and primitive. ve libasut takva zalike hayr But the raiment of righteousness,- that is the best.
The main subject is this. Cover yourselves with beautiful garments but don’t miss the soul of the subject. Don’t focus on the envelope and miss the message here. Cover your bodies but not by the cost of your sould. While wearing those dresses, don’t make things that make your souls uglier. The real beauty, the real grament is the garment of your minds. If you miss this fact, it becomes like you tear the real message and keep the envelope. zalike min ayatillahi leallehum yezzekkerun; Such are among the Signs of Allah, that they may receive admonition!
27-) Ya Beniy Ademe la yeftinennekumusheytanu kema ahrece ebeveykum minel cenneti yenzi’u anhuma libasehuma li yuriyehuma sev’atihima* innehu yerakum huve ve kabiyluhu min haysu la teravnehum* inna ce’alnesheyatiyne evliyae lilleziyne la yu’minun;
O Children of Adam! Do not let Satan (your body) tempt you into provocation like he removed your parents from Paradise by showing them their corporeality and thus stripping them of their clothes (angelic forces)! For, he and his helpers (all satanic forces that serve the same function) see you from a place where you do not see them… We have made the devils (corruptive forces – conditioned beliefs based on the five senses) befriend the unbelievers. (A.Hulusi)
O ye Children of Adam! Let not Satan seduce you, in the same manner as he got your parents out of the Garden, stripping them of their raiment, to expose their shame: for he and his tribe watch you from a position where ye cannot see them: We made the Satans friends (only) to those without faith. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ya Beniy Ademe O Children of Adam! la yeftinennekumush sheytanu kema ahrece ebeveykum minel cenneti Do not let Satan your body tempt you into provocation like he removed your parents from Paradise by showing them their corporeality yenzi’u anhuma libasehuma li yuriyehuma sev’atihima stripping them of their raiment, to expose their shame.
innehu yerakum huve ve kabiyluhu min haysu la teravnehum* for he and his tribe watch you from a position where you cannot see them: inna ce’alnesheyatiyne evliyae lilleziyne la yu’minun We made the Satans friends only to those without faith.
Yes, the verse indicates that he and his tribe watch you from a position where you cannot see them: innehu yerakum huve ve kabiyluhu min haysu la teravnehum satan and his tribe watchus from a position where we cannot see them. It also says “We made the Satans friends only to those without faith.”
Here the word evliya can be translated as an authority figure. Demons, demonic instinct. Both similar meanings. If we talk about satan somewhere, rest assured that tempted feelings, egos and instincts are in the picture. This is the authority of satan in peoples hearts.
People have constant battles of leadership in their hearts. Faith and satan have an ongoing war. If a person thinks sex constantly, if he cares only for his sexual desires, the leadership of heart comes to demonic side. His hands, eyes, ears, tongue, basically his whole body becomes a servant of satan. He percieve the earth as a breeding ground. Search for intercourse in every opportunity. Becomes a slave of passion and desires, leave the course of searcing for Allah and mercy.
This is the truth that describes here. That’s how satan becomes the authority figure of people, you can take it the literal meaning also. Satan becomes saints. He has been revered with respect by some.
28-) Ve iza fealu fahisheten kalu vecedna aleyha abaena vAllahu emerena Biha* kul innAllahe la ye’muru Bil fahsha’* etekulune alAllahi ma la ta’lemun;
Whenever they commit an indecency (an action or thought leading to duality or to the denial of the reality) they say, “We found our fathers doing it, and this is what Allah ordered us to do”… Say, “Allah certainly does not order indecency! Are you attributing to Allah things about which you have no knowledge?” (A.Hulusi)
When they commit ab Indecency, they say: “We found our fathers doing so”; and “Allah commanded us thus”: Say: “Nay, Allah never command what is Indecent: do ye say of Allah what ye know not?” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve iza fealu fahisheten Whenever they commit an indecency kalu vecedna aleyha abaena vAllahu emerena Biha they say: “We found our fathers doing so”; and “Allah commanded us this”
You see, this is the advisements of satan, the analogy of things. You remember right? He had said, “You created my from fire and he from clay. I’m superior than him.” This here is also a satanic analogy. The heathens say “Our fathers were on the right path. We are on their path also. So we are on the right path.”
If you turn the right upside down, this is exactly the attitude you fall into. You follow not the righteous path but the other one, the path of people before you. And slandering Allah on the side by saying things like “Our fathers were never wrong so this action must be ordered by Allah.” This attitude becomes a forced action then presented as an order of Allah.
kul innAllahe la ye’muru Bil fahsha’* Say, “Allah certainly does not order indecency!” etekulune alAllahi ma la ta’lemun Are you attributing to Allah things about which you have no knowledge?
29-) Kul emera Rabbiy Bil kist* ve ekiymu vucuhekum ‘inde kulli mescidin ved’uhu muhlisiyne lehuddiyn* kema bedeekum te’udun;
Say, “My Rabb has ordered for you to live justly; giving the due rights of all things… Set your faces (experience the dissolution of your ego through submission) in every masjid (place of prostration) and pray only to Him by specifying your understanding of religion to Him alone… You will return to Him in your initial state (the state of Adam in Paradise). (A.Hulusi)
Say: “My Lord hath commanded justice; and that ye set your whole selves (to Him) at every time and place of prayer, and call upon Him, making your devotion sincere: such as He created you in the beginning, so shall ye return.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul emera Rabbiy Bil kist Say, “My Rabb has ordered for you to live justly. Yes. You may easily come across people with previous attitude at any given time. Slandering Allah this way, wasn’t just a historical situation but an ongoing problem in this modern times. You can easily see this logic today. They did something and turning it into some worshipping action saying it’s from Allah. So answer them this. “My Rabb has ordered for us to live justly. ve ekiymu vucuhekum ‘inde kulli mescidin and that you set your whole selves (to Him) at every time and place of prayer.
Vech here is the same concept in An’am/79 Inni veccehtu vechiye lillezi As in turning to Allah with all beings. Vech means face, a thing itself, him as a person. Because parts come from the whole. It’s the open meaning of An’am 162.
Kul inne salati ve nusuki.. all my efforts and wishes, ve nusuki and my worshippings, ve mahyaye ve memati my death and my life lillahi rabbil alemîn (An’am/162) are my sacrifices to Allah Rabb of All Worlds. This is the open meaning of turning to Allah with all senses, all actions, turning Allah as a whole.
Ans the masjid here can be used as all actions devoted to Allah for commitment. The word has both time and place meaning. But here it has a more detailed meaning. Because secde is the ideal symbol of straight stand in front of Allah.
ved’uhu muhlisiyne lehuddiyn* and call upon Him, making your devotion sincere: kema bedeekum te’udun; such as He created you in the beginning, so shall you return.”
30-) Feriykan heda ve feriykan hakka alyahimud dalaletu, innehumut tehazusheyatiyne evliyae min dunillahi ve yahsebune ennehum muhtedun;
A group of you He guided and a group deserved to be in falsity! Indeed, they (those who went astray) had taken the devils (the deviators) as allies instead of Allah, and they consider themselves as rightly guided! (A.Hulusi)
Some He hath guided: Others have deserved the loss of their way; in that they took the Satans ones, in preference to Allah, for their friends and protectors, and think that they receive guidance. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Feriykan heda A group of you He guided ve feriykan hakka alyahimud dalaletu and a group deserved to be in falsity!
Hakka aleyhim, the sole responsible for falsity, the deviant himself. This sentence shows us this truth. The rejection of satan excuse. As in, “Satan tricked me or Allah tricked me.” If you fell off the path, it’s by your own choice. That’s why for some people falsity is inevitable.
innehumut tehazusheyatiyne evliyae min dunillahi in that they took the Satans ones, in preference to Allah, for their friends and protectors, ve yahsebune ennehum muhtedun and think that they receive guidance.
It’s always like that. All false paths, all slaves of their desires think they have been on the right track. It’s their claims. Even satan is on the right track by his own claims.
31-) Ya Beniy Ademe huzu ziynetekum ‘inde kulli mescidin ve kulu veshrebu ve la tusrifu* inneHU la yuhibbul musrifiyn;
O Children of Adam, wear your adornment in every place of prostration… Eat and drink (evaluate these) but do not waste (do not consume unnecessarily)… For, He does not favor those who waste (misuse the blessings they possess)! (A.Hulusi)
O Children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loveth not the wasters. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ya Beniy Ademe O Children of Adam! huzu ziynetekum ‘inde kulli mescidin Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer:
A historical reference here to heathens actions. All translations give us this fact. Heathens were circling Kaaba naked. Not the Meccan nobles mind you. No, people who came from outside were doing that. Their excuse was this. “We were committing sins in these dresses. We cannot wear this here anymore.” This is the concept of a known weakness. Religious shows. False religious acts always make people leave their true actions and do some other dirty and ugly things like these. Mind and logic are always out in these situations.
Of course, it created another trade, another commerce. By this practice of heathens in Mecca, they couldn’t wear their own clothes. If they did, they were taking a beating according to records. So what about people who wish to go to Kaaba with clothes on? They had to buy clothes from Meccans or some Meccan should rent his clothes to them. If money becomes a part of religion, it’s first thing is to enlarge the flames of superstitions. False becomes truth and some new practices become a part of religion.
ve kulu veshrebu ve la tusrifu* eat and drink: But waste not by excess, inneHU la yuhibbul musrifiyn; for Allah loves not the wasters.
32-) Kul men harrame ziynetellahilletiy ahrece li ibadiHI vettayyibati miner rizk* kul hiye lilleziyne amenu fiyl hayatid dunya halisaten yevmel kiyameti, kezalike nufassilul ayati li kavmin ya’lemun;
Say, “Who has prohibited the beautiful things and the clean – pure provisions that Allah has brought forth for His servants?”… Say, “They are for those who believe during the worldly life; and on Doomsday, it shall be theirs exclusively.” Thus We detail Our signs for those with comprehension. (A.Hulusi)
Say: Who hath forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of Allah, which He hath produced for His servants, and the things, clean and pure, (which He hath provided) for sustenance? Say: They are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, (and) purely for them on the Day of Judgment. Thus do We explain the Signs in detail for those who know. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul men harrame ziynetellahilletiy ahrece li ibadiHI vettayyibati miner rizk Say, “Who has prohibited the beautiful things and the clean – pure provisions that Allah has brought forth for His servants?” A rejection to “Leave earth to be spiritual” and “Religious head figures” mentality. No way. All beauties and good things suit true believers most. That’s why earth is entrusted to true believers. Don’t betray this trust and and don’t entrust it to another either.
kul hiye lilleziyne amenu fiyl hayatid dunya halisaten yevmel kiyameti Say, “They are for those who believe during the worldly life; and on Doomsday, it shall be theirs exclusively.” All beauties of afterlife shall be with the ones who displayed their faiths. Goods of earth are for those who work for them. This includes believers too. If they work they shall earn them too. This is the message of this verse.
kezalike nufassilul ayati li kavmin ya’lemun; Thus We detail Our signs for those with comprehension.
33-) Kul innema harrame Rabbiyel fevahishe ma zahera minha ve ma betane vel isme vel bagye Bi gayril hakki ve en tushriku Billahi ma lem yunezzil Bihi sultanen ve en tekulu alAllahi ma la ta’lemun;
Say, “The truth is, my Rabb has only forbidden the following: Apparent and concealed indecencies, crime (in the sight of Allah), oppression (aspiring for the properties of others and desiring to seize it), associating things about which there is no proof of partnership, and saying things about Allah that you do not know.” (A.Hulusi)
Say: the things that my Lord hath indeed forbidden are: Indecent deeds, whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; assigning of partners to Allah, for which He hath given no authority; and saying things about Allah of which ye have no knowledge. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kul innema harrame Rabbiyel fevahishe ma zahera minha ve ma betane Say, “The truth is, my Rabb has only forbidden the following: Apparent and concealed indecencies, vel isme vel bagye Bi gayril hakki sins and trespasses against truth or reason ve en tushriku Billahi ma lem yunezzil Bihi sultanen assigning of partners to Allah, for which He has given no authority; ve en tekulu alAllahi ma la ta’lemun; and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge.
False religious acts are been displayed here. Fake religion acts turn the truth upside down like this. The lines become vague. Not only they invent new fake rules in the name of faith, but they destroy what’s left of the real beliefs as well.
34-) Ve li kulli ummetin ecel* feiza cae eceluhum la yeste’hirune saaten ve la yestakdimun;
And for all people a specified term (lifespan) is set. So when the end of their time has come, they can neither delay it by a single moment, nor can they hasten it. (A.Hulusi)
To every People is a term appointed: when their term is reached, not an hour can they cause delay, nor (an hour) can they advance (it in anticipation). (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve li kulli ummetin ecel and this is a warning to Meccan heathen community which glorify this fake religion acts or all communities who claim themselves immortals. A celestial law and warning here. Ve li kulli ummetin ecel To every People is a term appointed: feiza cae eceluhum la yeste’hirune saaten ve la yestakdimun So when the end of their time has come, they can neither delay it by a single moment, nor can they hasten it. All societies who rebel against Allah, who try to challenge Allah have their deadlines. This is the law of social nature.
Hitler was claiming in 1933 that they were building a society that will last a millenium. He only realized his mistake when defeat found them a decade later. This is the warning to those who have claims of building something that lasts forever. Because future, the real future is for those who know their responsibilities to Allah.
“Ve ahiru davana velil hamdulillahi rabbil alemiyn” (Jonah/10) “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds!” All products of our claims, causes and lives are for Allah and our last word to our Allah is “Hamd”.