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Kategori arşivi: QUR’AN

TAFSIR LESSONS AL-AN’AM (128-144) (49)

“Euzu Billahiminesheytanirracim” 

BismillahirRahmanirRahiym

Dear Qur’an friends, in our previous lesson we had reached the 127th verse of An’am chapter. That lesson gave us advices on how to read life and comprehend our locad acceptances. What is death, what is life? The meaning we gave to these concepts, are they the same with the real meanings? Or should we say, we think about these as Allah wants us to think. So previous verses are about re-evaluating our lives and concepts.

How can a community reaches to a point os social destruction, how can their values become upside down and how this process leads to total annihilation. That was what we learnt in our previous lesson. Now we continue with 128th verse.

128-) Ve yevme yahshuruhum cemiy’a* ya ma’sheral cinni kadisteksertum minel ins* ve kale evliyauhum minel insi Rabbenestemte’a ba’duna Bi ba’din ve belagna ecelenelleziy eccelte lena* kalennaru mesvakum halidiyne fiyha illa ma shaAllah* inne Rabbeke Hakiymun ‘Aliym;

 The Day when He will gather them together (and say), “O community of jinn, you have truly possessed (misled from reality) the vast majority of mankind.” And their allies among mankind will say, “Our Rabb, we mutually benefited from each other, and we have now reached our term, which you appointed for us.” He will say, “The Fire is your residence, wherein you will abide eternally, except for what Allah wills…” Indeed, your Rabb is the Hakim and the Aleem. (A.Hulusi)

One day will He gather them all together, (and say): “O ye assembly of Jinns! Much (toll) did ye take of men.” Their friends amongst men will say: “Our Lord! we made profit from each other: but (alas!) we reached our term – which thou didst appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place: you will dwell therein for ever, except as Allah willeth.” for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve yevme yahshuruhum cemiy’a* One day will He gather them all together, ya ma’sheral cinni kadisteksertum minel ins* ve kale evliyauhum minel insi “O you assembly of Jinns!” You who are invisible evil beings and you who stand together with these forces. People who share the duty of evil, who help them achieve their goals.

I choose to translate “el cinn” here, not the understanding we already have bu the meaning of Qur’an without the boundries we created. All invisible evil beings are inside this words territory.

“O you assembly of Jinns, evil invisible creatures and their helpers!” says Allah. “Much toll did you take of men.”

Here ya ma’sheral expression, I choose to translate it as the root of asherahu. Ashera or muasheret can be used as, being partners, joining their side, standing with them. So when it is used in this verse we can understand the meaning as “You who stand with invisible evil beings, you did a lot to men.”

ve kale evliyauhum minel insi Rabbenestemte’a ba’duna Bi ba’din ve belagna ecelenelleziy eccelte lena Their friends amongst men will say: “Our Lord! we made profit from each other: but (alas!) we reached our term – which you did appoint for us.” They will indeed confess their crimes. Their will confess all those things they did. Standing with evil, fire their targets, serve their purposes and at last the time will catch up to them.

kalennaru mesvakum halidiyne fiyha illa ma shaAllah He will say, “The Fire is your residence, wherein you will abide eternally, except for what Allah wills…”

Here the expression illa ma shaAllah means unless Allah wills otherwise. Ibn Abbas says “ma” can be taken as “men” so Illa men shallah, people except Allah choose. Although the general idea is the same.

Many Qur’an translator take this verse as a proof for this. Unlike heavens eternal joy and blessings, wrath of hell for sinners is not eternal, it is like a perior of education and cleansing, at the end sinner believers will find their ways to paradise as well.

inne Rabbeke Hakiymun ‘Aliym; For Your Rabb is full of wisdom and knowledge.

129-) Ve kezalike nuvelliy ba’daz zalimiyne ba’dan Bi ma kanu yeksibun;

Thus We will make some of the wrongdoers friends with others as a result of what they used to do (they are companions to each other in the fire)! (A.Hulusi)

Thus do we make the wrong-doers turn to each other, because of what they earn. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve kezalike nuvelliy ba’daz zalimiyne ba’dan Bi ma kanu yeksibun After giving us this verse, our Rabb brings forth another law to light, a law which the line of rebellion against Allah throughout history. It says this. Thus We will make some of the wrongdoers friends with others as a result of what they used to do. As in we make wrong doers chase each others. They fall down and roll over to find another. They becomes as one and by that they drag each other to hell, they support each other into the fire. That’s how they fall onto the path of evil and for that all evil forces are the targeted group of this verse.

They choose not celestial powers but evil powers and they chose their ideas as road map, not Allah’s messages. That’s how they lose from the beginning.

Thus do we make the wrong-doers turn to each other, because of what they earn. They think they became friends, but they give harm to one another so great that even enemies cannot make that damage. Their friendship leads to fire.

130-) Ya ma’sheral cinni vel insi elem ye’tikum Rusulun minkum yekussune aleykum ayatiy ve yunzirunekum likae yevmikum haza* kalu shehidna ala enfusina ve garrethumul hayatud dunya ve shehidu ala enfusihim ennehum kanu kafiriyn;

“O communities of jinn and mankind, did there not come to you Rasuls from among you, relating to you My messages pointing to the reality and warning you of the coming of this Day?” They will say, “We bear witness against ourselves”; and the worldly life (they had conjured based on corporeality) had deluded them, and they will bear witness against themselves that they were deniers of the knowledge of the reality. (A.Hulusi)

“O ye assembly of Jinns and men! came there not unto you messengers from amongst you, setting forth unto you My Signs, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” They will say: “We bear witness against ourselves.” It was the life of this world that deceived them. So against themselves will they bear witness that they rejected Faith. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ya ma’sheral cinni vel insi elem ye’tikum Rusulun minkum yekussune aleykum ayatiy ve yunzirunekum likae yevmikum haza “O communities of jinn and mankind.” As in all evil invisible beings and their human supporters.

Different then previous verse, these two groups are counted as on in this verse. They all merged together like two different battalions of the same army. You, invisible evil beings and people who are with them. Previous explanation of asherahu can also be admissible here. Supporters, defenders and followers. I give the meaning from the root of Mashera.

Came there not unto you messengers from amongst you, setting forth unto you My Signs, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” This question shall be asked. They will give answers without been able to defend themselves. Did there not come to you Rasuls from among you, relating to you My messages warning you of the coming of this Day?”

This is basically a rethorical question since the answer is obvious. Of course they arrived. This is a question that cannot be denied.

kalu shehidna ala enfusina What will they do then, how will they answer, these invisible evil beings and their supporters. They will say, “We bear witness against ourselves.” With their statements they will give their own judgements. Allah will make them judge themselves.

ve garrethumul hayatud dunya It was the life of this world that deceived them.

This sentence belongs to Allah, to Qur’an. It’s the answer of the question, “Why did they do that, how can they go stray from the true path that makes them turn their ownselves in the end?” The answer is this. It was the life of this world that decieved them.

ve shehidu ala enfusihim ennehum kanu kafiriyn So against themselves will they bear witness that they rejected Faith. They will admit their denial and defeat. They will admit of being blasphemers, confessing their own crimes and sins.

131-) Zalike en lem yekun Rabbuke muhlikel kura Bi zulmin ve ehluha gafilun;

That is because your Rabb would not destroy communities of wrongdoers unless they have been informed through Rasuls. (A.Hulusi)

(The messengers were sent) thus, for thy Lord would not destroy the towns unjustly whilst their occupants were unwarned. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Zalike That is because en lem yekun Rabbuke muhlikel kura Bi zulmin ve ehluha gafilun That is because, what is that, the dialogue above. The reason behind their testimony against themselves. At Judgement Day, at that great day, where everyone admits their own judgements, why the need of such confession mechanism? The reason is this.

If a community is unaware of the weight of truth, as long as they are unaware, Allah doesn’t purge that community for their sins. Why does Allah sent messengers to people, why doesn’t Allah sent only one Messenger but thousands of them, over and over. This verse is the answer for this question.

Allah wants to bless humanity, not catch them off guard. Allah’s intention is humanities happiness. That’s why the right and wrong, the truth and false, the good and bad were explained us beforehand. And not just information, human construction have lots of mechanisms to notice that. We have mind. Allah’s doesn’t say, “You have your mind, figure out the rest yourself.” We are given willpower. Allah doesn’t say, “You have the right to choose, the rest is up to you.” No, we also recieved the message. We have prophets to deliver the message. The message that was delivered via prophets and messengers. So after all those things, what excuse can a person use?

Turning against the truth is not only a betrayal against Allah but betraying ones own mind, willpower, verses and signs and the call of prophet. As in after all these blessings of Allah, if a man still refuse to acknowledge the truth, this is the biggest betrayal a person can do to himself.

That’s why it is said that your Rabb would not destroy communities of wrongdoers unless they have been informed through Rasuls. A community doesn’t fall into annihilation because of the wrongs they haven’t noticed. No, they shall be given measures and scales to seperate the right from wrong. But after they recieved these measures if they still resist on denial, this leads to a rapid corruption and dissolution both morally and socially.

132-) Ve li kullin derecatun mimma amilu* ve ma Rabbuke Bi gafilin amma ya’melun;

Each of them has degrees according to their deeds… Your Rabb is not unaware of what they do. (A.Hulusi)

To all are degrees (or ranks) according to their deeds: for thy Lord is not unmindful of anything that they do. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve li kullin derecatun mimma amilu Again there’s a connection, a bridge with previous verse. “Vav” is the sign of this connection. Each of them has degrees according to their deeds. If a person ask how can Allah classify humans, this is the answer you get from Allah. By your deeds, by your actions.

So we have something else like this here. If a bad intention or thought shouldn’t be passed to action, Allah doesn’t count them as sin. As long as intention doesn’t reflect ones actions, Allah doesn’t think they should be reflected to an end of punishment. Allah only counts the attitudes that become obvious through actions and after many many filters that is.

It means this. Humans thought world can easily be effected, it can constantly in a change. So somethimes a man can have a difficult time to control his feelings and emotions. In that time, his instincts, his egoe, his lust for power and all those negative feelings and thoughts come together. So naturally at those times one can have really hard time maintaining his cool and stability. If Allah counts them among sin territory, rest assured no man can save himself. That’s why this is a good herald delivered us by prophet.

If you think a bad evil deed, but let go of it and don’t act on it, Allah gives you reward for your step back.

You shall be rewarded for all your bad intentions that don’t come to life. And on top of that. You shall be rewarded for all your good intentions and wishes, which you could have done but you couldn’t for some reason. These are the proofs that Allah uses the proofs of mind for our favor.

Ve li kullin derecatun mimma amilu To all are degrees (or ranks) according to their deeds. Classification it is said. People who openly contradicts the moral and social rules and people who are unaware of such rules, this is how they shall be seperated.

Remember the precious verse, this classification doesn’t only apply to humans but communities as well. This is how communities seperate from one another. Derecat means exactly this is. It’s the real difference.

Think about a community doing their action unaware from Allah’s signs. They have no intention of insisting on denial against Allah. They do their things because it’s their traditions, that’s how it was before and it is now. But think about a community warned by Allah but they still insist on denial. Insisting on denial is a greater sin than denial itself. Moving on.

ve ma Rabbuke Bi gafilin amma ya’melun; Allah isn’t unaware of their doings.

133-) Ve Rabbukel Ganiyyu Zur rahmeti, in yeshe’ yuzhibkum ve yestahlif min ba’dikum ma yeshau kema ensheekum min zurriyyeti kavmin ahariyn;

Your Rabb is the Ghani and possessor of grace… If He wills He can do away with you and give vicegerency to whomsoever He wills after you… Just as He produced you from the descendants of another people! (A.Hulusi)

Thy Lord is Self-sufficient, full of Mercy: if it were His Will, He could destroy you, and in your place appoint whom He will as your successors, even as He raised you up from the posterity of other people. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve Rabbukel Ganiyyu Zur rahmeti After all these warning based verses, this verses arrival is inevitable by Qur’ans systematics. A reminder of Allah infinite and eternal blessing, it says, Your Rabb is the Ghani and possessor of grace.

El Ganiyy, one of Allah’s names, one of Esma-ul Husna. It can be translated as rich. But if we go deeper in Arabic literature, it also means self-sufficient. Because in a vast desert, the greatest treasure is being self-sufficient. It’s even like, if you have more than you should in desert, that means trouble.

1-You cannot protect everything in a tent. It’s in the open.

2-Because of the nomadic nature of desert, that treasure means extra weight.

That’s why el Ganiyy means self-sufficient. Allah is like this. When this name is used for Allah, when it is used with the explanation with Lam, it gains the meaning of Absolute Ganiyy. As in both self-sufficient and provider of all things for all creation. That’s why no being other than Allah has this name with this addition. A being can be Ganiyy but only Allah can be El Ganiyy.

A person thinking he is self sufficient, this is shirq, dear friends. I’m saying thinking, mind you, assuming, not being self sufficient, because he cannot. How can a human unable to control his own heartbearts, unable to control his unstoppable mind can be self sufficient. We born in need, live in need, sleep in need, wake in need, die in need. We need Allah every step of our lives.

Not just to Allah, people are in need of many things to survive. Air, water, earth, sky… So how can a man ignore his need of Allah, how cannot he notice it? How can a man who cannot survive without air, assume he can survive without Allah. That’s why…

Ve Rabbukel Ganiyyu Zur rahmeti Your Rabb is the Ghani and possessor of grace…Including humans. Zur rahme this is important. The source of blessing, infinite and eternal mercy and blessing is your Rabb.

All these things we count are the meanings of Rabb name. The meaning of Rububiyet. Yes your Rabb Ve Rabbuke more meaningful with the expression Zur rahme because Allah acts with the mercy of his names. Mercy and blessings are the reflection of Allah’s names. This is how education works.

Allah may use wrath to educate, may use mercy too. But most common way is mercy because Allah is Rahiym.

One can be tested with poverty, just like wealth. But all tests are for the benefit of humanity. Religion is sent, terms are set. Allah doesn’t need any of the terms He set, because Allah doesn’t need anything.

Why, because Allah is El Ganiyy. The self-sufficient. The rules are there to set things between humans for their benefits. Here’s the sentence.

Ve Rabbukel Ganiyyu Zur rahmeti Your Rabb is the Ghani and possessor of grace… When we think this sentence with the verses above, we see the obvious path that Allah has chosen. Sending warnings after warnings, all those prophets, all those verses given them above their capacity so that they notice and come to the right path. All these are the products of Allah’s infinite mercy and blessing.

in yeshe’ yuzhibkum if it were His Will, He could destroy you, ve yestahlif min ba’dikum ma yeshau and in your place appoint whom He will as your successors, kema ensheekum min zurriyyeti kavmin ahariyn even as He raised you up from the posterity of other people.

Mind you, following a sentence of mercy, we encounter this heavy warning. This warning wants us to take lessons from history. As a matter of fact this warning comes quite ofter in Qur’an. I remember one.

In yeshe’ yuzhibkum ve ye’ti Bi halkin cediyd;. Fatir/16. If you continue to deny Allah, deny Allah’s signs, deny yourselves, deny the blessings you recieve, deny your minds, your wills, if you become hopeless causes, Allah will wipe you out. In yeshe’ yuzhibkum ve ye’ti Bi halkin cediyd; And brings forth a new kind of creature. A new type of being.

A real and terrible threat, a celestial warning. Maybe there were other beings other than humans that were given the position of guardianship before. Maybe this was the reason of change. World has millions of years of history and yet we have records for maybe a few thousand years of last. Maybe there were other creatures in charge but they too became hopeless and were wiped out. This is the nature of Allah’s law.

No need to seek further too. There are people who carry the torch of truth and there are people who lost that that torch earlier.

How? History is the greatest witness in all this. Just like the flag of Madina passed unto Kufe than Bagdat, Damascus, Cairo, sometime in Andulusia, and later on Istanbul. There was, is and will the this change. Some may come and take the torch in most unpredictable way.

Why is it like this? This law is the reason of this change. A community who turns his back on Allah; Allah takes the position of guardianship from them and gives it to another party who are worthy. A worthy community continues to carry the truth to future generations.

You might find yourself, getting lost of your ingredients of your cake to crows. Waving the recipe of the pie and shouting the crows don’t matter as long as you lose the ingredients though. If you turn your backs to the truth, it doesn’t matter your ancestors ride through 3 contintents or your fathers become the leaders of the truth or servants or anything. Islam isn’t some legacy to be inherited. Islam is a celestial medal that can be earned with generations of sweat of mind and heart.

134-) Inne ma tu’adune leatin ve ma entum Bi mu’ciziyn;

Indeed, what you are promised is coming… You cannot cause Allah failure (to deliver His promise)! (A.Hulusi)

All that hath been promised unto you will come to pass: nor can ye frustrate it (in the least bit). (A.Yusuf Ali)

Inne ma tu’adune leatin Indeed, what you are promised is coming… ve ma entum Bi mu’ciziyn; You cannot cause Allah failure

Remember the verse above. If you earn this threat, be sure that this threat will indeed come to life. How it can be you shouldn’t ask. Destruction of societies are various. We had studied this fact in our previous lesson. There was a principle there, Qur’an pointed out. It said, “We may give a sudden destruction to a community, or we may break them slowly by social corruptions. Breaking them inside.”

That’s why just like the reasons of a socities dissolution, the process of change can be various. We only should know that these happens for a reason, that group has it coming and this is indeed Allah’s law. Moving on.

135-) Kul ya kavmi’melu ala mekanetikum inniy amil* fe sevfe ta’lemune men tekunu lehu akibetuddar* innehu la yuflihuzzalimun;

Say, “O my people, do whatever you can! For I too will do (what I can)! Soon you will know whose worldly life will be at the end”… Indeed, the wrongdoers will not attain liberation. (A.Hulusi)

Say: “O my people! Do whatever ye can: I will do (my part): soon will ye know who it is whose end will be (best) in the Hereafter: certain it is that the wrong- doers will not prosper.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kul ya kavmi’melu ala mekanetikum inniy amil Say, “O my people, do whatever you can! For I too will do what I can! This message is for Muhammad and he earned the right to say this out loud.

So… Did we earn this right too? Because this verse also addresses us. Are we in capable of taking this verse in our hearts all the way? As in “O the enemies of faith. Do what you can, do what you are best of. Because evil is for evil, dirty is for dirty. You do what suits you, you say, you stand which and where suits you. Be friends with yourselves, follow people like you. I’m just doing my duty.” How many of us can say this?

If humanity could do his duty, whatever comes to the prophet surely may come to them as well. Because taps open with two sides on this. On efor the light an done for the dirt. These totally different taps with everflowing essence are with us since the beginning of time. And since then the laws of nature haven’t changed on that.

First, silence. They try to ignore the Hakk and truth. When they fail, they begin to use methods like lies and slandering. They mock, ridicule, underestimate. They try to destroy your influence. If they cannot manage to defeat you, they move on to the next stage. Physical torture. They make you suffer, make you feel the agony. And when that doesn’t help them either they come to the final stage. Eliminating you once and for all. They target your very own being. These are the stages almost every prophet endure. That’s how the enemies of the truth choose to battle you and that’s what awaits anyone who tries to take the mission to deliver the truth to people.

Kul ya kavmi’melu ala mekanetikum inniy amil Say, “O my people, do whatever you can! For I too will do what I can!” So can we really have the right to deliver these words. O the community who still resist on accepting the invitation of truth without waiting anything to return. I’m doing what I can, I’m doing my duty. So do whatever you can too.”

fe sevfe ta’lemune men tekunu lehu akibetuddar* Soon you will know whose worldly life will be at the end”. innehu la yuflihuzzalimun Indeed, the wrongdoers will not attain liberation.

Here the happiness and liberation mentioned, it’s both fort his world and the next one. But first we should understand this worlds liberation. The expression of Akibetuddar. Because the success of truth is the absolute success. But only if the people who defend and deliver the truth with their full power. So don’t fear that the truth has a chance of success or not. Fear that can you actually do everything to deliver the truth. That’s what we should think over, how and how much can we be able to undertake the mission.

This is what’s been told here. Hakk, El-Hakku Ya’lu Vela Yu’la Aleyh. Hakk is always supreme. Hakk is always victorious. Hakk is golden even if it’s covered in mud. Hakk is always powerful and this power doesn’t only come from somewhere outside. Power of the truth comes within. That’s why Hakk doesn’t need violence, doesn’t need terror. Because Hakk’s power comes from the essence of truth.

Lies need violence, need terror. Because they don’t have any power for itself. They have to reinforce themselves constantly in order to survive. So all lies, and superstitions need reinforcements of violence.

Hakk doesn’t need propaganda, it only uses to path of invitation. No advertisements, just invitation. Just announcements. Hakk doesn’t have advertisors, only invitors. Moving on.

innehu la yuflihuzzalimun Indeed, the wrongdoers will not attain liberation.

136-) Ve ce’alu Lillahi mimma zerae minel harsi vel en’ami nasiyben fekalu haza Lillahi Bi za’mihim ve haza lishurekaina* fema kane li shurekaihim fela yesilu ilAllah* ve ma kane Lillahi fehuve yesilu ila shuekaihim* sae ma yahkumun;

They set aside for Allah a share in what He has created of crops and livestock. And with their assumptions, they said, “This is for Allah, and this is for whom we associate (with Allah).” However, what is for their associates does not reach Allah! But what is for Allah reaches those they associate… Wretched is their judgment! (A.Hulusi)

Out of what Allah hath produced in abundance in tilth and in cattle, they assigned Him a share: they say, according to their fancies: “This is for Allah, and this” – for our “partners”! but the share of their “partners” reacheth not Allah, whilst the share of Allah reacheth their “partners” ! Evil (and unjust) is their assignment! (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve ce’alu Lillahi mimma zerae minel harsi vel en’ami nasiyben fekalu haza Lillahi Bi za’mihim ve haza lishurekaina They set aside for Allah a share in what He has created of crops and livestock. they said, “This is for Allah, and this is for whom we associate (with Allah).”

Now a new passage arrives. Previous texts were about social corruption and dissolution and the reason behind them. It talked about the enemies of happiness. It talked about people who cannot achieve happiness eternally and people who carry happiness like a flag. And after their destiny, now the message comes to the concept of superstition and their corrupted practices. The reason why people cannot achieve happiness eternally is by its fundamentals the corruption of faith. Supertitions are just the proofs of this corruption. Qur’an gives us a first hand example of how a man can destroy his eternal happiness.

These examples are explained to us about previous communities. We are explained. Why? So that we can take lessons and protect ourselves from falling to the same mistakes.

Ve ce’alu Lillahi mimma zerae minel harsi vel en’ami nasiyben They set aside for Allah a share in what He has created of crops and livestock.

fekalu haza Lillahi Bi za’mihim And with their assumptions, their vain beliefs. Bi za’mihim Their fantasies. Because they don’t have faith. Superstitions can never be faith. Only fantasies. In order to display faith, one thing possess the truth. Truth is based on either the experiences of people themselves which is called knowledge or the celestial informations Allah gave us personally. That’s why faith is sometimes believing the inner experiences that reach the truth and other times, most of the times in fact believing the informations given us through Qur’an about Unknown and believing them without waiting proof because the information comes directly from Allah. Faith is the collaboration of these two elements.

Qur’an shows us the opposite idea here. They said; “This is for Allah, and this is for whom we associate (with Allah).” Notice this dear Qur’an friends. They make sacrifices to Allah and saying this is for Allah. Who are they? Heathens, idolist, dualists. So called faith owners which Qur’an called filth.

Notice this. They present their sacrifice to Allah. As in they believe in Allah, this is clear. Who are they? Faith corrupters of Abraham’s religion. This point is imporant, it tends to get forgotten. Meccan idolist were mostly prophet Abraham’s followers. But they corrupted the message, the first pure message. Just like Jews corrupting Moses beliefs of Islam or Paulus’ destruction of Christianity of Jesus. Meccan community also destroyed their original beliefs.

Is it necessary to ask this question at this point. Have we fallen to the same corrupted position for Islam that Muhammad brought to us? Just like all those examples before us, is it really possible? They messages are for us. So there’s always a possibility that we might fall into the same mistakes. This example of Meccan idolist community is our lesson about how faith and superstitions can mix without noticing.

They set aside for Allah a share in what He has created of crops and livestock. They said: “This is for Allah, and this” – for our “partners”! This was their classification. They present their sacrificial belongings. They even present it to Allah. But they also present to their idols too. Just like modern day humans. Faith becomes difficult, mixed.But even a single drop of dirt comes to the pot of honey, that honey becomes inedible. Can you even say, “There’s no harm from one spoon.”

You cannot even say it for simple honey, how can you say it for somethin valuable as faith. That’s why the mixed nature of Meccan communities faith is brought to light now. They set aside a share for their sacrifices. Some for Allah, some for their idols.

What happens to idols share then? Well,it’sused in idol commerce. Remember all superstitions create their ownground. That’s why superstitions destroy a healthy faith. Once a false enters the realm of truth it begins to create his dark dimension. Just like a spiritual mafia it begins to terrorize. Without even noticing it creates a commerce where a large amount of money begins to circulate.

This waste reason why Meccan community always in try to create goods in the name of idols. From livestocks and crops. This was what Qur’an intends to explain.

fema kane li shurekaihim fela yesilu ilAllah* However, what is for their associates does not reach Allah! ve ma kane Lillahi fehuve yesilu ila shuekaihim* But what is for Allah reaches those they associate…

It’s obvious. According to record and translations this was their way of giving sacrifices. They say, “This is for Allah and these are for our partners.” Like we mentioned before they weren’t openly say, “These are for Allah’s partners. No, their idols were mentioned as their partners because they see them as conduits, vehicles that help them reach Allah. They thought these things will help them when they reach Allah.

In order to understand the basis of shirq, we should grasp the real concept in a dualists mind. They were saying that. These are for Allah, these are for our partners. Why, because they help us reach Allah. But what they leave for Allah just stays there. Allah doesn’t get hungry or thirsty. Allah doesn’t need anything.

They weren’t honest about that either though. If they were sincere in their intentions, they should give their sacrifices to poors. But they weren’t doing that either. After a while, they came and took what they offer to Allah,  saying “Allah is AllMighty. Allah is richer than us, Allah doesn’t need these. We should take these back.” Look what a ridiculous way of believing. If a faith is based on superstition, it makes people do such ridiculous things.

sae ma yahkumun Wretched is their judgment!

137-) Ve kezalike zeyyene li kesiyrin minel mushrikiyne katle evladihim shurakauhum liyurduhum ve liyelbisu aleyhim diynehum* velev shaAllahu ma fealuhu fezerhum ve ma yefterun;

And likewise, their partners (assumed gods) made the killing of children seem pleasing to the dualists to destroy them and bring confusion to their religion… Had Allah willed they would not have done so… So, leave them alone in what they invent. (A.Hulusi)

Even so, in the eyes of most of the pagans, their “partners” made alluring the slaughter of their children, in order to lead them to their own destruction, and cause confusion in their religion. If Allah had willed, they would not have done so: But leave alone them and what they forge. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve kezalike zeyyene li kesiyrin minel mushrikiyne katle evladihim shurakauhum liyurduhum ve liyelbisu aleyhim diynehum again Qur’an brought another absurd thing they did. But this time it’s an evil that is visible and much real. This part really gives any sane person creeps. What’s this? And likewise, their partners (assumed gods) made the killing of children seem pleasing.

Yes, this defiance didn’t really stay on sacrificial situations. Just like any lie, any superstition and any deviousness, it creates violence. But in the end that person becomes the only one in harm. The reason behind forbiddint these practices isn’t the harm that may be caused to Allah. So what’s the real motive here. Preventing people to harm themselves.

Here’s a typical example says Qur’an. in the eyes of most of the pagans, their “partners” made alluring the slaughter of their children, in order to lead them to their own destruction, and cause confusion in their religion Liyurduhum lead them to their own destruction ve liyelbisu aleyhim diynehum and cause confusion in their religion. The text is in its literal form. What was the religion before. We said it, Abraham’s teachings. But they couldn’t understand it truly, hence the slaughtering their own children.

According to the records we read in Zemahsheri, this child murders were based on three motives.

1-Poverty. The fear of hunger and poorness to be exact. If you truly believe that every creature has its own portion of sustenance and born with it, if you truly believe in Allah, how can you surrender to this type of violence, can a man of conscience commit such awful crime without having a shred of remorse. How can a father takes his infant childs blood. Look at this, how a corrupted twisted belief might make a person do this.

In fact in modern days, there’s this same practice but different methods. Back then people were burying their own children to earth alive. They were ruining their worlds with their own hands. Today parents destroy their own childrens afterlife by submitting them to world. Which path seems awful to you?

2-Moral reasons. Caliph Omar’a burying his daughter wasn’t about poverty. People were burying their daugthers because they thought they will grow and be immoral, indecent individuals like most of the women in that society. To clear that so called dirt from their pride they were executing their own daughters, innocent children.

3-Rarely but sometimes boys were presented to god as sacrifices. Rare but not unseen.

This last one was happening because of their misinterpretation of Abrahams actions. Ridiculous that they weren’t giving any crop or livestock sacrifices with accepting hearts but in the name of sacrifice they might fall into the assumption of sacrificing their own children is a good thing.

This was the end result of such twisted mind and narrow minded paths of corrupted faiths. Ridiculous absurd practices without a base, without any solid ground but with crazy amounts of violence and horror. This was the given message here.

But in order to understand this verse truly, we should remember that blasphemers of that era were the followers of Abraham, only they were following a twisted version of his teachings. velev shaAllahu ma fealuhu If Allah had willed, they would not have done so.  fezerhum ve ma yefterun; But leave alone them and what they forge.

138-) Ve kalu hazihi en’amun ve harsun hicr* la yat’amuha illa men neshau Bi za’mihim ve en’amun hurrimet zuhuruha ve en’amun la yezkurunEsmallahi aleyheftiraen aleyh* seyecziyhim Bi ma kanu yefterun;

 They (those who take their traditional conditionings and value judgments as religious doctrine) said with assumption, “These animals and crops are untouchable… None can eat from them other than whom we will… The backs of these animals have been forbidden (one cannot ride them)”… Yet they slander against Him (Allah) and slaughter (some of) the animals without mentioning the name of Allah upon them! (Allah) will actualize the consequences of their slander upon them! (A.Hulusi)

And they say that such and such cattle and crops are forbidden, and none should eat of them except those whom – so they say – We wish; further, there are cattle forbidden to yoke or burden, and cattle on which, (at slaughter), the name of Allah is not pronounced; – forging a lie against Allah’s name: soon will He requite them for they forged. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve kalu hazihi en’amun ve harsun hicr* la yat’amuha illa men neshau Bi za’mihim Examples Qur’an informs us about continue here. Examples of how a faith or belief doesn’t stand on firm grounds, how it cannot get any inspiration from divine sources, that belief can and should stuck on absurd and ridiculous superstitions. Qur’an says;

And they say that such and such cattle and crops are forbidden. That were giving sacred status to some animals or crops. Remember we mentioned this situation before in Maida chapter, 13rd verse.

They were giving names like vasile, saibe; cutting their ears, their tails and marking them. After that they release them to nature. For example animals which gave birth to twins several times, animals which gave 5 times in a row, animals who are still fertile after getting old. They set some rules from their minds and call those animals untouchable, setting them aside. They set animals aside for good, animals which are created for the benefit of men.

What were they doing? They were saying these animals and crops are sacred. I choose to translate the word Hicrun as sacred. None shall eat them except the ones w elet. As in they let some people to eat their sacred animals. Who are they letting then? Whoever they want. Because they think they have to power of choosing on this matter. As in they think they are the center of beliefs, not Allah. They began to invent religious rules on their own. Imagine, dear friends. If people begin to set the rules of truth themselves, how many truths can exist in one space. How many religions can be created to back them. This is how superstitions come to life.

ve en’amun hurrimet zuhuruha so they say – We wish; further, there are cattle forbidden to yoke or burden. Again from their twisted minds, they deem some animals sacred and call them unburdened. As in you cannot use them to carry weight. By nature, it’s the creation purpose of that animal but for some unknown reasons, they call them forbidden.

Actually these examples are the most typical and interesting ones, teaching us what kinds of absurd rules could be invent for ourselves if Allah hasn’t sent us the road map of the truth via these verses.

Superstitions cannot have logic, this is the conclusion we reach. Superstitions cannot have logic. These verses informs us about this fact and criticise the system of impulsive superstitions.

ve en’amun la yezkurunEsmallahi aleyheftiraen aleyh Yet they slander against Allah and slaughter some of the animals without mentioning the name of Allah upon them! Iftiraen aleyh without mentioning the name of Allah upon them! Interesting, why not? You cannot ask for a reason, like we said, superstitions have no sense. But what’s worse than that? Slaughtering some of the animals without mentioning the name of Allah upon them because they slander Allah. As in like Allah ordered those animals to be slaughtered without mentioning the name of Allah. What are their only proof? Because they see this practice from their fathers.

seyecziyhim Bi ma kanu yefterun; soon will He requite them for they forged. They shall be punished for their slanders.

139-) Ve kalu ma fiy butuni hazihil en’ami halisatun lizukurina ve muharremun ala ezvacina* ve in yekun meyteten fehum fiyhi shureka’* seyecziyhim vasfehum* inneHU Hakiymun ‘Aliym;

They said, “What is contained in the belly of this animal is only lawful for our men, it is forbidden to our women… But if it is born dead, then they (men and women) have equal share”… Allah will punish them for this slander… Indeed He is the Hakim, the Aleem. (A.Hulusi)

They say: “What is in the wombs of such and such cattle is specially reserved (for food) for our men, and forbidden to our women; but if it is still-born, then all have shares therein. For their (false) attribution (of superstitions to Allah), He will soon punish them: for He is full of wisdom and knowledge. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve kalu ma fiy butuni hazihil en’ami halisatun lizukurina ve muharremun ala ezvacina As we said before, superstitions don’t have logic or sense.

They say: “What is in the wombs of such and such cattle is specially reserved (for food) for our men, and forbidden to our women; Why? No reason. Why should we keep searching for a sensible reason when the origin of the rule comes from superstition. It’s because they want it like that.

Of course there’s another problem underlying. Since the community lived under a patriarchy, their invented rules of religion reflects their segregation. They live under their false assumptions, after that they use their assumptions as base of their religion rules. The lesson here is this. If a man tries to invent a religion, this is the result, utter nonsense.

ve in yekun meyteten fehum fiyhi shureka’* but if it is still-born, then all have shares therein. seyecziyhim vasfehum* For their (false) attribution (of superstitions to Allah), He will soon punish them:  inneHU Hakiymun ‘Aliym for He is full of wisdom and knowledge.

140-) Kad hasiralleziyne katelu evladehum sefehen Bi gayri ilmin ve harremu ma razekahumullahuftiraen alAllah* kad dallu ve ma kanu muhtediyn;

Those who foolishly kill their children out of ignorance and forbid with slander the provision of Allah, which He has bestowed upon them, have indeed accrued a loss… They have indeed gone astray and are deprived of guidance. (A.Hulusi)

Lost are those who slay their children, from folly, without knowledge, and forbid food which Allah hath provided for them, forging (lies) against Allah. They have indeed gone astray and heeded no guidance. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kad hasiralleziyne katelu evladehum sefehen Bi gayri ilmin Those who foolishly kill their children out of ignorance ve harremu ma razekahumullahuftiraen alAllah and forbid with slander the provision of Allah, which He has bestowed upon them, have indeed accrued a loss…

Who are they? Who are in loss. People who invent religion from their heads. People who create religious rules out of nowhere, people who decide what’s good or what’s bad according to their personal interests. Basically people who try to take over Allah’s authority on deciding the good and bad, the false and the truth. So if they try to do these things the end result will definitely be loss.

As we talked before, these invented false rules reach to a point where people begin to bury their own children alive. Many cultures have sacrificial traditions, although some have solid and true grounds, many cultures have been pulled to different mentalities and as we said before the end result has been devastating. But surely prophet Abraham’s example was something to right the wrong mentalities on that one. Moving on.

kad dallu ve ma kanu muhtediyn; They have indeed gone astray and heeded no guidance. In this verse by addressing these deniers for their bad actions, Qur’an really points out the one and only reason for such behaviours. Ignorance.

sefehen Bi gayri ilmin What’s this. Because of their ignorance, because of their foolishness. Sefeh means foolishness, being idiots. Because of their ignorances and foolishness they create rules and false assumptions against themselves.

141-) Ve “HU”velleziy enshee cennatin ma’rushatin ve gayre ma’rushatin vennahle vezzer’a muhtelifen ukuluhu vezzeytune verrummane muteshabihen ve gayre muteshabih* kulu min semerihi iza esmere ve atu hakkahu yevme hasadih* ve la tusrifu* inneHU la yuhibbul musrifiyn;

HU builds trellised and untrellised gardens, dates, crops of various fruit, olives and pomegranates, similar and different… Eat of their fruit when it yields, and give its due (alms) on the day of its harvest… And do not squander, for He does not favor the squanderers. (A.Hulusi)

It is He Who produceth gardens, with trellises and without, and dates, and tilth with produce of all kinds, and olives and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in variety): eat of their fruit in their season, but render the dues that are proper on the day that the harvest is gathered. But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve “HU”velleziy enshee cennatin ma’rushatin ve gayre ma’rushatin It is He Who produceth gardens, with trellises and without, vennahle vezzer’a muhtelifen ukuluhu and dates, and tilth with produce of all kinds, vezzeytune verrummane muteshabihen ve gayre muteshabih and olives and pomegranates, similar in kind and different in variety.

In literal form ma’rushatin ve gayre ma’rushatin means gardens, with trellises and without. But according to Celaleyn this part also can and maybe should be taken as plants with wide bodies and without. Also according to Ibn Abbas’ take on this matter we read in Taberi’s translation, it’s plants which planted by humans hands and plants which grow in wild. They are all Allah’s. Allah creates all of them says Qur’an.

kulu min semerihi iza esmere eat of their fruit in their season. Why this sentence here at this time, the verse was informing us about the blasphemers false practices and suddenly this one. The reason is this. To show humanity that every creature has its own purpose and the main objective is to serve humanity and making their lives easier. So use everything by its purpose. Because Allah also created humans and in order to serve Allah with full capabilities we humans are blessed with all the necessary things.

Tyranny means removing something from the purpose that Allah creates with. That’s why livestocks are to serve humanity, crops are created to serve humanity. If you make them out of service for any reason, you force them out of their purpose and that’s tyranny.

If you do that, if you take them out of their service, than one day that thing might be a thing to be worshipped by some mentalities. Take cows by Budist beliefs for example. A creature comes to life to serve a purpose, to serve humanity but there’s a turn on the way of destiny and without even noticing a thing created to serve becomes a thing to be worshipped. All the rules invented by such communities are the turns on this road.

ve atu hakkahu yevme hasadih and give its due (alms) on the day of its harvest. A verse arrived in Mecca. By this verses arrival, giving alms to poors, sharing them with people who are in need becomes a duty, an obligation.

ve la tusrifu* inneHU la yuhibbul musrifiyn;  And do not squander, for He does not favor the squanderers.

142-) Ve minel en’ami hamuleten ve fersha* kulu mimma razekakumullahu ve la tettebi’u hutuvatisheytan* innehu lekum aduvvun mubiyn;

And of the cattle there are some for carrying burdens and some for making beds (from its wool)… Eat of the provision Allah gives you (since He is the creator) and do not follow the ideas of Satan… He is indeed your obvious enemy. (A.Hulusi)

Of the cattle are some for burden and some for meat: eat what Allah hath provided for you, and follow not the footsteps of Satan: for he is to you and avowed enemy. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve minel en’ami hamuleten ve fersha* kulu mimma razekakumullahu And of the cattle there are some for carrying burdens and some for making beds from its wool eat what Allah has provided for you, ve la tettebi’u hutuvatisheytan* and do not follow the ideas of Satan innehu lekum aduvvun mubiyn He is indeed your obvious enemy.

143-) Semaniyete ezvac* minedda’nisneyni ve minel ma’zisneyn* kul azzekereyni harrame emil unseyeyni emmeshtemelet aleyhi erhamul’unseyeyn* nebbiuniy Bi ilmin in kuntum sadikiyn;

There are eight pairs/mates: Two (pairs) of the sheep and two (pairs) of the goats… Say, is it the two males He has forbidden or the two females or that which the wombs of the two females contain?… Inform me with knowledge if you are truthful.” (A.Hulusi)

Take eight (head of cattle) in (four) pairs: of sheep a pair, and of goats a pair; say, hath He forbidden the two males, or the two females, or (the young) which the wombs of the two females enclose? Tell me with knowledge if ye are truthful: (A.Yusuf Ali)

Semaniyete ezvacin The absurd examples of blasphemers continues here with this verse. They forbid people to take animals which reach the number of eight in four pairs. Semaniyete ezvacin means eight in four pairs. Ezvac is pair, zevs is single. Zevc word both shows the one side of pair and single elements that create pairs.

minedda’nisneyni ve minel ma’zisneyn of sheep a pair, and of goats a pair; kul azzekereyni harrame emil unseyeyni emmeshtemelet aleyhi erhamul’unseyeyn Say, is it the two males He has forbidden or the two females or that which the wombs of the two females contain?

Our Rabb gives us this detail to show how ridiculous these invented rules are. “So now, the rules are for male or female. It is said, you feed some meat only to men but some to both men and women, so how is it going to be here, tell this.”

The purpose of this detail is to show humanity that the ruling on such matters cannot be left to people because when it is done the end result becomes absurd like this. The only reason for this detail is that. If humanity thinks about creating a religion, this is the end of the road.

nebbiuniy Bi ilmin in kuntum sadikiyn; Tell me with knowledge if you are truthful. There’s an important matter here in this last sentence. nebbiuniy Bi ilmin information based on knowledge. This last part gives us the subtle message that all the superstitions created by men are not based on real knowledge, but mere conjectures.

144-) Ve minel ibilisneyni ve minel bakarisneyn* kul aazzekereyni harrame emil unseyeyni emmeshtemelet aleyhi erhamul unseyeyn* em kuntum shuhedae iz vassakumullahu Bi haza* femen azlemu mimmeniftera alAllahi keziben li yudıllenNase Bi gayri ‘ilm* innAllahe la yehdilkavmezzalimiyn;

And two (pairs) of the camels, and two (pairs) of the cattle… Say, “Is it the two males He has forbidden or the two females or that which the wombs of the two females contain? Or were you witnesses when Allah advised you with this?”… Who does more wrong than one who ignorantly invents lies about Allah to mislead the people?… Indeed Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people. (A.Hulusi)

Of camels a pair, and of oxen a pair; say, hath He forbidden the two males, or the two females, or (the young) which the wombs of the two females enclose? – Were ye present when Allah ordered you such a thing? But who doth more wrong than one who invents a lie against Allah, to lead astray men without knowledge? For Allah guideth not people who do wrong. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve minel ibilisneyni ve minel bakarisneyn Above the invented rules are about small animals like goats and sheeps. Now about the big livestocks, cows and camels. Their turn, since it’s also became forbidden by these invented rules.

kul aazzekereyni harrame emil unseyeyni emmeshtemelet aleyhi erhamul unseyeyn Say, “Is it the two males He has forbidden or the two females or that which the wombs of the two females contain? Give us this detail then. By your own ruling you take the things out of service, things Allah blessed humanity with. If you are so determent about it, if you think it over, then say about this detail. Says Qur’an.

em kuntum shuhedae iz vassakumullahu Bi haza Or were you witnesses when Allah advised you with this? The cruelest lie, the most terrifying lie of all is the lie make by the name of Allah, dear Qur’an friends. This is the ultimate slander, a slander against Allah. All these invented rules are counted as slanders against Allah and Qur’an says this about such evil acts.

femen azlemu mimmeniftera alAllahi keziben li yudıllenNase Bi gayri ‘ilm Who does more wrong than one who ignorantly invents lies about Allah to mislead the people? Without searching or giving any proof, just to take people away from the true path, creating rules without any base and telling them that these are Allah’s law is the ultimate slander against Allah. So who can be more cruel than these says Qur’an.

innAllahe la yehdilkavmezzalimiyn; and this question ends with this rule. Indeed Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.

A wrongdoing community, a community which think they are the rulers of truth. People who thinks they have the authority over deciding the right and wrong, the Hakk and the false. This community becomes ridiculous and terrifying. It may create scenes that look like religious acts but in fact they are the definitions of cruelty.

That’s why the ultimate slander of all is the lies told in the name of Allah. I sincerely wish a faith for us without any superstitions from our Rabb.

“Ve ahiru davana velil hamdulillahi rabbil alemiyn” (Jonah/10) “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds!” All products of our claims, causes and lives are for Allah and our last word to our Allah is “Hamd”.

“Esselamu aleykum.”

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Yazan: 29 Nisan 2018 in QUR'AN