Dear Qur’an friends, in our previous lesson we came to 35th verse of Araf chapter. The content of that lesson was like this briefly. Opening of the chapter is the invitation to Qur’an. The eternal revitalization nature of the signs, it’s life-giving breath. Right after that the speech comes to humanities adventure. How humans as we know it today came to be on earth. Naturally we cannot find a better source fort his information other than Allah.
We also studied what kind of mission humanity has on earth, what sort of mission Allah gave to people. This fact was delivered by Adam and satan interactions and in addition it is given not a good thing or bad but in fact an existential and natural occurance.
Satan was like a logo, a symbol representing evil and Adam as good. This fact by its own creates the fact that truth and false, positive and negative concepts weren’t just discovered by people later on but they were there from the creation, it’s natural. The concept of seperating right from wrong is a natural talent in humans. That’s why moral principles are universal and ethical values cannot be bound to a book or a prophet. For example you cannot say Qur’an gives us the ethical rules of humanity. No, Qur’an only gives us a reminder of the fact that right and wrong scale has been put in each persons nature and people should preserve this scale at all cost. This was the crowning message in our previous lesson.
The end message was a reminder that all societies, civilizations, communities and countries have their times and without a doubt they all will meet their ends one day but the battle between good and evil, truth against false will move one without a bind of old countries and socities. With these in mind we now continue our lesson. This message here is to all humans.
35-) Ya Beniy Ademe imma ye’tiyennekum Rusulun minkum yekussune aleykum ayatIY, femenitteka ve asleha fela havfun aleyhim ve lahum yahzenun;
O Children of Adam… When Rasuls come from among you to relate and explain Our signs to you, whoever protects and corrects himself will have no fear nor will they be grieved. (A.Hulusi)
O ye Children of Adam! whenever there come to you messengers from amongst you, rehearsing My Signs unto you,- those who are righteous and mend (their lives),- on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ya Beniy Ademe O Children of Adam imma ye’tiyennekum Rusulun minkum yekussune aleykum ayatIY, When Rasuls come from among you to relate and explain Our signs to you, femenitteka ve asleha fela havfun aleyhim ve lahum yahzenun whoever protects and corrects himself will have no fear nor will they be grieved.
The message is to human race, it starts with Ya Beniy Adem. Only a true celestial message may start like this. To all humans. It represents the core of humanity and the facing to all that is good, beautiful and true. All moral principles are universal and they haven’t been bound to any historical, conjectural base or to any society or country by whatsoever. The differentiation between good and evil are constant and there’s no social construction to define it beforehand. This seperation is from our nature and it has no bound by space and time.
It ends with a good herald. People who are familiar with their own nature, who haven’t forgotten their own cores, who haven’t tried to erase the codes that Allah put in our nature, people who haven’t decide to cover the truth -because it’s the definition of blasphemy- these people shall not have fear nor shall they grieve.
The word huzn in arabic language, in other languages it can usually be translated as sadness. Also the Havf is used to describe future. So it has the meaning of the anxiety from future and regret from past.
They won’t feel sadness or regret from their past. Because they restrained themselves from doing them to begin with. So when they did something they immediately seek the path of forgiveness. They make self critizations. If a person uses this method every time he feels of straying from the true path won’t have anything to fear when the time comes.
They shall have no anxiety of future either. Because they are aware that Allah defines everything and what a beautiful future may give Allah to those who shall follow His path. They always know and never forgets that future is in Allah’s guarantee.
36-) Velleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina vestekberu anha ulaike ashabun nar* hum fiyha halidun;
Those who deny Our signs (the manifestations of the Names) and who are arrogant toward them, they are the people of fire (Naar, a specific wavelength, radiation)! They will abide therein eternally. (A.Hulusi)
But those who reject Our Signs and treat them with arrogance,- they are companions of the Fire, to dwell therein (for ever). (A.Yusuf Ali)
Velleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina vestekberu anha But those who reject Our Signs and treat them with arrogance,- ulaike ashabun nar* hum fiyha halidun they are companions of the Fire, to dwell therein forever.
An interesting situation. Whenever Qur’an mentions the Adam story, this type of message always comes next. Baqarah 38-39. Taha 123-124 are just a few of them. This message gives us the reason why Adam’s story is so important and humanity should take precaution from it.
Rejecting the message. What is the purpose of that or better yet what is the significance of that. Rejecting the message means alienating the ones own nature. And a person may only fall into despair by alienating Allah by firstly alienating himself. This is the definition of hell. One becoming a stranger to himself.
By this definition the hell within ourselves creates more torment than a hell outside somethere. Because in the moment you become a stranger to yourselves and Allah, there’s nothing left for you. Not only you destroy your own essence, you destroy your feelings too. No more conscience to feel. No more heart to ache. No more love and joy. Only a deep eternal pit of darkness. Can you think of a worse hell than this. This is the message here.
37-) Femen azlemu mimmeniftera alellahi keziben ev kezzebe Bi ayatiHI, ulaike yenaluhum nasiybuhum minel Kitab* hatta iza caethum Rusuluna yeteveffevnehum kalu eyne ma kuntum ted’une min dunillah* kalu dallu anna ve shehidu ala enfusihim ennehum kanu kafiriyn;
Who does more wrong than he who lies about Allah or denies His existence in His signs? They will attain their portion of the Book (the revealed knowledge)… When finally our Rasuls come to them to take them in death, they will say, “Where are those you used to invoke besides Allah, those you assumed existed?”… They will say, “They are lost and gone” and will bear witness against themselves that they were deniers of the reality. (A.Hulusi)
Who is more unjust than one who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Signs? For such, their portion appointed must reach them from the Book (of Decrees): until, when Our messengers (of death) arrive and take their souls, they say: “Where are the things that ye used to invoke besides Allah.” They will reply, “They have left us in the lurch,” And they will bear witness against themselves, that they had rejected Allah. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Femen azlemu mimmeniftera alellahi keziben ev kezzebe Bi ayatiHI, Who is more unjust than one who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Signs?
More unjust than one who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Signs… It shows us the two faced nature of denial. Yes, this is the nature of denial, it’s full of contradiction. People who choose this path fill the gaps in their faiths with superstitions and lies. That’s why who commits this crime, commits both of them. When you deny something, you also slander the things you deny too. Allah knows this fact as well as the nature of humanity. It’s just like Qur’an says in Mulk/14. Ela ya’lemu men halek Hasn’t Allah known what He created?
The only way to prevent this double homicide is accepting Allah’s message up front. Because why you do that, there won’t be any need for lies and superstitions. Belief is the natural need of humans. So if one cannot satisfies his needs from Allah’s door, satan’s door can fill these needs with false beliefs. If you cannot fill your nature with like, surely darkness will take over eventually. You don’t need to make any effort for that either. When you kill the light switch, the darkness follow its natural path.
ulaike yenaluhum nasiybuhum minel Kitab For such, their portion appointed must reach them from the Book.
There are two truths that wants to be told here.
1-Qur’ân wants us to pay attention to natural laws of creation. Such as like, birth, death. So their natural path will lead them to their fates no matter what.
Natural course doesn’t change for anyone. It begins with birth then growth, getting old and death. No one can escape death, so no one can escape from Allah too.
2-Second meaning can be this. They cannot escape from the terrible fate that celestial message warns them about. This terrible fate has also two dimensions.
a)Personal and psychological fate. As in you become stranger to Allah hence the stranger to himself. And the laws begin to decay the person. Heart is sealed, conscience is veiled and muted. Satan takes over the authority over the heart and heart becomes the prison of faith.
b) Social and political laws. As in the natural law begins to decay the society as a whole. Corruption takes over the society slowly but surely. Moral decay follows the economical and political corruption. And eventually that community gets dumped to histories trash can be some other community. They became a past passive footnote of history.
hatta iza caethum Rusuluna yeteveffevnehum when Our messengers of death arrive and take their souls. This is the last stage of those people. People who invent lies against Allah or reject His Signs. People who alienate Allah and themselves and try to fill the gaps in their faiths with lies. This is the terrible fate that waits them.
When Our messengers of death arrive and take their souls…kalu eyne ma kuntum ted’une min dunillah They shall ask “Where are those you used to invoke besides Allah, those you assumed existed?”. You turned your backs to Allah and replace Him with something else, you begged other things. You kept demanding from them. You went to their doors, altars, crypts. Hence you forgot about Allah’s door.
IyyaKE na’budu VE iyyaKE nesta’iyn; (Fatihah/5) were in your lips in prayers. You were saying that onyl Allah shall you worship and only Allah you shall ask for help. But when the pray ended you stood and began to run to other peoples, other things door, almost hesitate to turn what you just said were lies. So where are all those things you ran to. Let them come and defend you from death. Let them chase the pain of death from you. Make them change the laws, cosmic, celestial and biological laws if they are so powerful.
Kalu they will answer dallu anna ve shehidu ala enfusihim ennehum kanu kafiriyn; “They have left us in the lurch,” And they will bear witness against themselves, that they had rejected Allah.
Yes, shehidu ala enfusihim, we should underline this expression. Bearing witness against themselves. What is the significance of this. A court which Allah is the judge and you are a witness in a case against you.
The opposite is also possible shehidu li enfusihim, testifying on behalf for yourself which is a wonderful thing. But don’t forget this fact that testifying on that day whether on your behalf or against yourself won’t be in your control. Because…
Elyevme nahtimu ala efvahihim that day the mouths will be shut ve tukellimuna eydiyhim ve teshhedu erculuhum Bima kanu yeksibun; (Yasin/65) Their hands will talk, their feet will testify for us and they will tell us everything.
This is the scene, this is the reckoning day. Can you really believe that you can create a perjury to talk lies on your benefit?
This is the scene that is reminded to people here by also reminding them not to alienate themselves. We are advised to know ourselves. If you don’t want to testify against yourselves, if you want you to talk good for yourselves on that day, the path lies where you meet and befriends yourselves. Otherwise you cannot ask for them, you cannot ask for you to testify for yourselves.
38-) Kaledhulu fiy umemin kad halet min kablikum minel cinni vel’insi fiyn nar* kullema dehalet ummetun leanet uhteha* hatta ized dareku fiyha cemiy’an kalet uhrahum li ulahum Rabbena haulai edalluna featihim azaben di’fen minen nar* kale li kullin di’fun ve lakin lâ ta’lemun;
(Allah) will say, “Enter among those who had passed on before you of the jinni and mankind into the fire (Naar, radiation, a searing environment of wavelengths)”… Every time a new community enters, it will curse it’s close ones with whom it shared the same belief! Finally, when all of them have entered, the latter group will say about the former groups, “Our Rabb… They are the one who corrupted us… So, give them double the suffering of fire (radiation)”… He will say, “For all of you there is double, but you do not know.” (A.Hulusi)
He will say: “Enter ye in the company of the Peoples who passed away before you – men and Jinns, – into the Fire.” Every time a new People enters, it curses its sister-People (that went before), until they follow each other, all into the Fire. Saith the last about the first: “Our Lord! it is these that misled us: so give them a double punishment in the Fire.” He will say: “Doubled for all” : but this ye do not know. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Kaledhulu fiy umemin kad halet min kablikum minel cinni vel’insi fiyn nar He will say: “Enter you in the company of the Peoples who passed away before you – men and Jinns, – into the Fire.” There won’t be any more witnesses, there won’t be anymore trials. Because the sole witness is himself. How can you contradict yourselves. So the verdict will arrive by making these people the folk of fire, the men and djinns.
Qur’an gives us a form of information that no technology has ever achieved, dear friends. Remember no source of information other than Qur’an may give us this type of precise and sharp informations. No technological gadget may measure such lengths.There’s no other door in creation that leads to this knowledge. It’s what Qur’an says for itself in Nebe/2, Nebe ul aziym..
This is the herald, the big news, the real information. The only valid source of information for humanities eternal destiny is revelations so this is the headlines of any news.
kullema dehalet ummetun leanet uhteha* Every time a new community enters, it will curse it’s close ones with whom it shared the same belief! hatta ized dareku fiyha cemiy’an Finally, when all of them have entered, kalet uhrahum li ulahum the latter group will say about the former groups,
Here ulahum, the first ones may have two meanings.
1-The evil doers. Or people who are followed on the path of evil.
2-Predecessors, as in previous generations. Naturally previous generations might have the same meaning if they were indeed on a bad path.
So the latter will say this about the former group.
Rabbena haulai edalluna featihim azaben di’fen minen nar* “Our Lord! it is these that misled us: so give them a double punishment in the Fire.”
kale li kullin di’fun ve lakin lâ ta’lemun; He will say: “Doubled for all” : but this you do not know.
You see this dialogue. The latters, the followers were complaining about the people they followed, with grudge, they say “Twice punishment shall be given to them.” Why? Because they were leaders on evil. They led us this path. So what’s Allah’s answer to them. “Doubled for all of you.”
Why? Think about this celestial message. Actually they are considered in the same scale.
1-This evil doers, more specifically leaders of evil.
2-Blind followers. By Allah’s domain there won’t be any difference in punisment. Either you led or you followed, it’s the same.
First group was the betrayers. They are the path openers for evil things. But the followers they are the betrayers too since their actions kept the path open. Firsts betrayed their own bonds of nature. They ignored Allah’s creation for themselves. The latter however they betrayed their own mind and will too. Those people before you might chose this path for themselves but don’t you have your own minds, your own wills? So why choose this path which you know where it will end?
So these both types of behaviours are considered betrayals. innallahe la yuhibbul hainîn. (En’fal/58) Allah doesn’t like traitors.
39-) Ve kalet ulahum li uhrahum fema kane lekum aleyna min fadlin fezukul azabe Bi ma kuntum teksibun;
The former ones will say to the latter ones, “You have no superiority over us… Taste the suffering brought by your own doings!” (A.Hulusi)
Then the first will say to the last: “See then! No advantage have ye over us; so taste ye of the Chastisement for all that ye did !” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve kalet ulahum li uhrahum The former ones will say to the latter ones, fema kane lekum aleyna min fadlin fezukul azabe Bi ma kuntum teksibun “You have no superiority over us… Taste the suffering brought by your own doings!”
Bi ma küntüm teksibun; by your own doings. This is a reference to the most fundamental law in Qur’an that we also see in Isra chapter. What was that? ..ve la teziru vaziretun vizre uhra.. (Isra/15) No one can take the responsibility of another. Every soul for him or herself. You will carry your own burden. There won’t be any piggybagging. This is the burden of humanity, willpower and mind. Because mind isn’t something given as a whole. It’s given individually. So naturally every person shall answer his or her own questions.
Burden which is the moral opposite of takwa is the point here, dear friends. If a person denies his responsibilities, there won’t be any moral foundation for him anymore. The opposite of takwa is rejection. In this sense those people which entered the fire before the followers will point this fact and say, “You are no different than us.” You take responsibility of your own actions. You hadn’t done that on earth.”
This is the faith of afterlife. Taking the responsibilites of your actions. This faith is the definitive quality of a person in afterlife. For him to know that he will be accounted for from all of his actions. This responsibility is pointed out here.
40-) Innelleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina vestekberu anha la tufettehu lehum ebvabus Semai ve la yedhulunel cennete hatta yelicel cemelu fiy semmilhiyat* ve kezalike neczil mucrimiyn;
Indeed, those who deny Our signs and are arrogant toward them, the gates of Heaven (the observation of the reality) will not be opened for them, nor will they enter Paradise (the state of experiencing the Names comprising their essence) until a rob/camel enters through the eye of a needle (i.e. never)… Thus do We recompense the criminals! (A.Hulusi)
To those who reject Our Signs and treat them with arrogance, no opening will there be of the gates of heaven, nor will they enter the Garden, until the camel can pass through the eye of the needle: Such is Our reward for those in sin. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Innelleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina vestekberu anha Indeed, those who deny Our signs and are arrogant toward them,
Two types of crimes. Denying the Signs and diminishing the Signs. The slander by nature comes from rejection, denial. And diminishing Allah’s Signs, thinking them as outdated like Allah hasn’t counted the next eras when sending the Signs. So treating the Signs with arrogance. These are the two murders against revelations. Moving on. For them, la tufettehu lehum ebvabus Semai no opening will there be of the gates of heaven.
So in this sense the meaning of this expression is about the final decision, the doors will be shut sealed. The final judgement about them that they cannot be educated. So the doors will forever be shut and they can neither go back and renew their contract with Allah. They will walk on a path that won’t be any return.
ve la yedhulunel cennete hatta yelicel cemelu fiy semmilhiyat nor will they enter Paradise until a rob/camel enters through the eye of a needle.
This metaphor can only be seen in a single spot in Qur’an, here. A rob (think rope) enters through the eye of a needle. This can be taken as those who committed this crime cannot recieve Allah’s mercy. This metaphor is that their chance of entering heaven is far from the possible almost at the point of non existent.
Here the word Cemel has two different meanings The male camel and the rob. Two different words using the same letters. However Ibn Abbas, Caliph Ali and Mujahid Ibn Abbas’s student all agreed that this word should be taken as think rope. Ibn Abbas suggested that there’s no similarity between a camel and a needle hence a rope and a needle metaphor is more elegant by Allah’s standards. That’s why this word should have this meaning.
But even with both sides of the word, the scenario gives us the exact impossible situation nonetheless. Either way it presents us an impossible situation. I also agree with Ibn Abbas’s choice on this because the rope and a needle can be percieved more distinct and more elegant.
ve kezalike neczil mucrimiyn Such is Our reward for those in sin.
41-) Lehum min cehenneme mihadun ve min fevkihim gavash* ve kezalike necziyz zalimiyn;
They will have a bed from Hell and coverings (curtains) over them (their consciousness)… Thus do We recompense the wrongdoers. (A.Hulusi)
For them there is Hell, as a couch (below) and folds and folds of covering above: such is Our requital of those who do wrong. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Lehum min cehenneme mihadun ve min fevkihim gavash for them there is Hell, as a couch (below) and folds and folds of covering above:
Again we see a news that no other source can give us. Allah informs us about afterlife which no other being has knowledge about. It gives us the final destiny of those people who diminish Qur’ans message or deny it.
ve kezalike necziyz zalimiyn Thus do We recompense the wrongdoers.
42-) Velleziyne amenu ve amilus salihati la nukellifu nefsen illa vus’aha* ulaike ashabul cenneti, hum fiyha halidun;
As for those who believed and performed the requirements of their faith… We do not charge anybody with what is beyond their capacity; they are the people of Paradise… They will abide therein eternally. (A.Hulusi)
But those who believe and work righteousness,- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear,- they will be Companions of the Garden, therein to dwell (for ever). (A.Yusuf Ali)
Velleziyne amenu ve amilus salihati la nukellifu nefsen illa vus’aha But those who believe and work righteousness ve amilus salihati working righteousness. This expression represent the actions required to prove our faith as well. Good deeds should have good intentions in order to be counted as this. It should have good and beneficial qualities, that’s for sure. By essence it should help others and the person who does the action. But other that material consequences there are also thought and heart aspects of actions. Every action that strengthens the bonds with Allah are the good deeds of hearts. And every actions that sever this bond is a bad deed no matter how it may seem in material world.
When it says deeds, we shouldn’t just think physical actions. Creating values. Value is something both physical and spiritual aspects, both mental and corporeal.
So people who create these values and act with faith. As in people who keep their contracts with Allah intact.
La nukellifu nefsen illa vus’aha Here’s a subtext. Which we don’t burden anyone with weights they cannot handle. As in these types of good deeds are not some impossible tasks to prove their worths or actions they cannot pull because of their conditions. There’s a limit of each persons own capacities and within these range the good deeds are counted.
ulaike ashabul cenneti, hum fiyha halidun; they will be Companions of the Garden, therein to dwell forever. I just had a thought about Adam’s story here. I think we should take a lesson from that. Adam was cast out from heaven to produce. Back then in heaven Adam was a consumer. So we may understand that a person becomes a full-fledged human when he produce values, with willpower, with mind and heart. So I believe the intention behind Adam’s destiny is to educate humanity, making us be able to produce values, using our hearts and minds. In this sense it’s safe to assume that Adam wouldn’t be the precious human as we know, if he wasn’t cast out from heaven.
Like I said, he was a consumer there, when he entered his new condition he chose to be a producer, he won his situation with faith, sweat of his heart. Only after that the real reward of faith and punisment of denial became clear. Only then the reward of good deeds became the real currency. Only then the gratefulness of mind and will has been understood.
43-) Ve neza’na ma fiy sudurihim min gillin tecriy min tahtihimul enhar* ve kalul hamdu Lillahilleziy hedana lihaza ve ma kunna li nehtediye levla en hedanAllahu, lekad caet Rusulu Rabbina Bil Hakk* ve nudu en tilkumul cennetu uristumuha Bi ma kuntum ta’melun;
We have removed all forms of hatred and resentment from within them… Rivers flow beneath them… They will say, “That which has guided us here belongs to Allah, HAMD (the evaluation of the corporeal worlds created with His Names, as He wills, belongs to Allah)! Had Allah not guided us, we could not have attained this… Indeed, the Rasuls of Allah have come in Truth. And they will be called, “This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit due to the things you have done.” (A.Hulusi)
And We shall remove from their hearts any rancor;- beneath them will be rivers flowing;- and they shall say: “Praise be to Allah, who hath guided us to this (felicity): never could we have found guidance, had it not been for the guidance of Allah. indeed it was the truth, that the messengers of our Lord brought unto us.” And they shall hear the cry: “Behold! the Garden before you! Ye have been made its inheritors, for your deeds (of righteousness).” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve neza’na ma fiy sudurihim min gillin We have removed all forms of hatred and resentment from within them. Them, people who shall enter heaven.
When this gillin word is used with neza’na, it can take an active role of passive negativity. So this particular situation may indicate that in heaven human consciousness won’t have the potential of rebeling. As we remember when Adam was cast out of heaven he took the potential of Rebellion.
This feeling was a part of willpower and it can easily be discovered and used on earth. Adam’s journet from heaven to earth was a road of discovery in every turn. Discovery of both good and bad qualities. Evil may sleep in every persons depths but with an active and right nudge it can wake and after that without even noticing those desires might take control. That’s how Adam had learnt that a man can easily fall into the same path with satan.
At this point Qur’an says, We have removed all forms of hatred and resentment from within them. Them, people who shall enter heaven. With the word use of neza’na we understand that there won’t be any trace of these bad influences anymore.
tecriy min tahtihimul enhar beneath them will be rivers flowing ve kalul and they shall say… Those who are blessed with heavens by Allah’s orders. Those who love Allah and beloved by Him, when they entered Paradise they shall say,
Elhamdu Lillahilleziy hedana lihaza Praise be to Allah, who has guided us to this happy ending. ve ma kunna li nehtediye levla en hedanAllahu, never could we have found guidance, had it not been for the guidance of Allah. lekad caet Rusulu Rabbina Bil Hakk* Indeed, the Rasuls of Allah have come in Truth. ve nudu en tilkumul cennetu uristumuha Bi ma kuntum ta’melun; And they shall hear the cry: “Behold! the Garden before you! You have been made its inheritors, for your deeds of righteousness.”
44-) Ve nada ashabul cenneti ashaben nari en kad vecedna ma veadena Rabbuna hakkan fehel vecedtum ma veade Rabbukum hakka* kalu ne’am* feezzene muezzinun beynehum en la’netullahi alez zalimiyn;
The people of Paradise will call out to the people of the fire, “We have found what our Rabb promised us to be true… Have you found what your Rabb promised you to be true?”… They said, “Yes.” Then an announcer among them will announce, “The curse of Allah is upon the wrongdoers.” (A.Hulusi)
The Companions of the Garden will call out to the Companions of the Fire: “We have indeed found the promises of our Lord to us true: Have you also found Your Lord’s promises true?” They shall say, “Yes”; but a crier shall proclaim between them: “The Curse of Allah is on the wrong-doers;- (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve nada ashabul cenneti ashaben nari The Companions of the Garden will call out to the Companions of the Fire en kad vecedna ma veadena Rabbuna hakkan “We have found what our Rabb promised us to be true… fehel vecedtum ma veade Rabbukum hakka Have you found what your Rabb promised you to be true?”
kalu ne’am* They said, “Yes.” feezzene muezzinun beynehum en la’netullahi alez zalimiyn Then an announcer among them will announce, “The curse of Allah is upon the wrongdoers.”
45-) Elleziyne yesuddune an sebiylillahi ve yebguneha iveca* ve hum Bil ahireti kafirun;
(They are the ones) who prevent you from the way of Allah and who want to lead you astray… They are the ones who deny the eternal life to come. (A.Hulusi)
“Those who would hinder (men) from the path of Allah and would seek in it something crooked: they were those who denied the Hereafter.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Elleziyne yesuddune an sebiylillahi “Those who would hinder (men) from the path of Allah ve yebguneha ivec and would seek in it something crooked:
Yes, these two methods are the ones used by all wrong-doers in order to make other people go astray. These two ways are explained here.
ve yebguneha iveca this phrase have two different and yet similar meanings.
1 – Showing something as distorted.
2 – Showing something as convoluted..
They want everyone to see Allah’s path, distorted, crooked. Because they also see it that way. How can a crooked eye sight see a straight line. How can they see a true path if they search the fault in the path itself rather that their own eyesight.
Second. They show things more convoluted than normal. As in they they this is hard. Being a good muslim is a hard thing to do. How can you manage five times a day daily prays. You cannot manage. They ignore to say that sin is harder though. Not only that, sin is something that will harm you later on as well. They easily forget or ignore the facts that satisyfing your own desires, egos or instincts are more harmful, harder and agonizing.
They call hard to the things that you should do to gain Allah’s mercy and blessing. If they cannot persuade you, they begin to harden the process in their own minds. They present religion to other people in its hardest form. They hide the ease and show they hardest parts. Just like the opposite of prophets calls. Yessiru vela tassiru was the motto of prophet. Ease it, don’t harden it. beshiru vela tuneffiru herald it, don’t turn it into something to be hated. But these people do the opposite. They harden, ignore the ease. They make people hate religion, not heralding it. They consciously try to make people hate religion.
Rasulallah had made his empty prays (prays that aren’t ordered or advised to do) in masjid for a couple of days, After the third day he openly explained that he won’t do these types of praying in masjid anymore. Some records suggest that these included Teravih prays of Ramadan. To those who were curious of his choice he answered this.
“You might assume it’s a must pray. Because I did this here. You might assume these prayings I have done are actually your responsibilities. So even people have other things to do, they face the dilemma of adding more prays to the core daily ones that Allah ordered.” That’s why Rasulallah avoided to do empty prays in masjid.
I also remember Caliph Omar and Otto by some Hacc practices. These two powerful figures hadn’t made their sacrifices in some Hacc duties. Just because people might assume that making sacrifices is a must duty of Hacc (pilgrimage), so that might put them in a difficult situation. Also Rasulallah had made some of his personal empty prays by sitting only for no particular reason. Jut to make it easier.
ve hum Bil ahireti kafirun; Of course this sentence firstly target the heathen community of Mecca since this is their personal attribute. They also deny the existence of afterlife. They weren’t denying the existence of faith, mind you. No they were making people fall of the true path they weren’t completely denying the faith. In their lives, they assume they were following Abraham’s religion, respecting Kaaba, giving water to pilgrims. Even making some rituals that were left from Abraham’s practices. But they were corrupting its nature too.
They were giving sacrifices, a practice from prophet Abraham’s era. A pure practice. But they were killing the spirit of the practice and leaving the body behind. They were giving sacrifices to their idols. This pure practice from Abraham was turned to a farse.
They were praying. Just like it was in Abraham’s teachings. But they were also corrupting it. They were using prays a tool of shirq. That’s why we see this expression in many places of Qur’an. Ve ekimus selate. Make your prays true. It’s not saying just pray. No, pray with true intentions and actions. Because they were doing totally the opposite.
They were doing pilgrimage. Making their duties of Hacc. Just like Qur’an describes they were going back and forth between Safa and Merwe. Heathens were doing that, I remind you again. But that was it. They were putting their idols in the picture by first chance. They were putting one idol in Safa and the other one in Merwe. Isaf and Naile idols. A man and a women, supposedly in love. Their travel was representing the Reunion of those two figures. Turning their religious practice into a theatrical play. Their actions weren’t completely denying the fact but distorting it. Remember this fact, dear friends. Heathens were the corrupters of Abraham’s teachings.
46-) Ve beynehuma hicab* ve alel a’rafi ricalun ya’rifune kullen Bisiymahum* ve nadev ashabel cenneti en selamun aleykum lem yedhuluha ve hum yatme’un;
There is a curtain between the two (Paradise and Hell)… And on A’raf (the state of those who have believed in their essence, but have not yet duly experienced its outcome) are men who recognize each of them by the marks on their faces… They will call out to the people of Paradise, “Assalamu alaikum.” They (these men) have not yet entered Paradise, but they long for it. (A.Hulusi)
Between them shall be a veil, and on the Heights will be men who would know every one by his marks: they will call out to the Companions of the Garden, “Peace on you”: they have not entered it, but still hoped to (enter it). (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve beynehuma hicab Between them shall be a veil,
You might notice that here we have a scene between heavenfolk and hellfolk in afterlife. A window is opened by Qur’an to show us the conversation between two sides, their situations and dialogues as well. And first thing we notice is there’s a veil between them.
ve alel a’rafi ricalun and on the Heights will be men who would know every one by his marks.
The word A’raf that gives this chapter his name. I choose to translate this word like this. People who have the ability of seperating right from wrong. This translation and understanding don’t come from me personally however. Hasan Basri and Zeccac and after them Razi also chose this meaning. Because A’raf comes from the root of orf, ability. Arif meaning the person with talent. Knowing something, noticing the upside.
There’s another transation here that has the meaning of stage. Like visibility and the scene from the upperside. But I believe Hasan Basri’s take on this subject is more accurate. People who has the ability of choosing the right from wrong.
ya’rifune kullen Bisiymahum* men who recognize each of them by the marks on their faces.. ve nadev ashabel cenneti en selamun aleykum They will call out to the people of Paradise, “Assalamu alaikum.” lem yedhuluha ve hum yatme’un; This seperators we might call them. When they begin to seperate the heavenfolk from the hellfolk all people will realize where they will suppose to end. So when heavenfolk arrive to them they will greet them with Allah’s greeting, saying them how joyful they should be.
Selamun aleykum is in fact the good news of happiness. How good you come. The eternal joy is yours. The peace and grace be with you. This is the meaning of selamun aleykum.
This is the greeting of heavenfolk. That’s why by greeting a person in this life you also pray by his or her name. The wish of an eternal joy for all of us. It’s like saying, your destination should be the paradise. Hope paradise is awaiting you. This is the praying version of the greeting, Assalamu alaikum.
47-) Ve iza surifet ebsaruhum tilkae ashabin nari kalu Rabbena la tec’alna me’al kavmiz zalimiyn;
And when their eyes turn toward the people of fire (Naar, radiation), they will say, “Our Rabb! Do not place us with the wrongdoers.” (A.Hulusi)
When their eyes shall be turned towards the Companions of the Fire, they will say: “Our Lord! send us not to the company of the wrong-doers.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve iza surifet ebsaruhum tilkae ashabin nari When their eyes shall be turned towards the Companions of the Fire kalu Rabbena la tec’alna me’al kavmiz zalimiyn they will say, “Our Rabb! Do not place us with the wrongdoers.”
48-) Ve nada ashabul a’rafi ricalen ya’rifunehum Bisiymahum kalu ma agna ankum cem’ukum ve ma kuntum testekbirun
The people of the A’raf (those who have believed in their essence but have not yet duly experienced its outcome) will call out to men (of hell) whom they recognize by their mark, “Of no avail to you was your wealth or your arrogance!” (A.Hulusi)
The men on the Heights will call to certain men whom they will know from their marks, saying: “Of what profit to you were your hoards and your arrogant ways? (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve nada ashabul a’rafi ricalen ya’rifunehum Bisiymahum The men on the Heights (A’raf) will call to certain men whom they will know from their marks.
ya’rifunehum Bisiymahum they will know from their marks. Their looks, their signs.
Yu’reful mucrimune Bi siymahum.. (Rahman/41) Another verse saying, Guilties will be recognized with their marks.
Again another verse, siymahum fiy vucuhihim min eserissucud.. (Feth/29) The light of prostration will mark their faces. Their face will glow by the light of their prostrations. Their own foreheads will be the signs of them. Because believers don’t just look with the physical eyes, they look with the eyes of faith too.
These are the faces. One a face you cannot turn your eyes away because of the light. The faces that are illuminated with the light of faith. And other side, faces that look to hell, faces that will gloom you, faces that no one should look or have.
kalu ma agna ankum cem’ukum ve ma kuntum testekbirun; “Of what profit to you were your hoards and your arrogant ways? These addressing is to the people who have the marks of hell. And here cem’ukum means both the comrades, friends and the possessions and positions. As in those things you were proud of, those things that meant to save you from eternal damnation, where are they, what profit can you gain from them now.
49-) Ehaulailleziyne aksemtum la yenaluhumullahu Bi rahmetin, udhulul cennete la havfun aleykum ve la entum tahzenun;
“Are these the ones whom you swore that Allah will not embrace with His grace?” (Whereas now they are told): “Enter Paradise! There is no fear for you… And you will not be grieved!” (A.Hulusi)
“Behold! are these not the men whom you swore that Allah with His Mercy would never bless? Enter ye the Garden: no fear shall be on you, nor shall ye grieve.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ehaulailleziyne aksemtum la yenaluhumullahu Bi rahmetin “Are these the ones whom you swore that Allah will not embrace with His grace?”
udhulul cennete la havfun aleykum ve la entum tahzenun Now they are told: “Enter Paradise! There is no fear for you… And you will not be grieved!” Back on earth you were saying, “These people will have no chance of entering Paradise, getting Allah’s mercy.” And now look at them and look at you. See now who earns Allah’s real mercy.
This is what happens when the values of life turn upside down. When truth becomes false and lies become the truth. The ugly becomes beautiful. The betrayal sets in life. Looking the truth upside down is also means betraying it. That’s what happens to them. And because they enter afterlife with this perspective nothing will help them since they cannot see anything right.
50-) Ve nada ashabun nari ashabel cenneti en efiydu aleyna minelmai ev mimma razekakumullah* kalu innAllahe harramehuma alel kafiriyn;
The people of fire (Naar, radiation) will call out to the people of Paradise, “Pour upon us some of that water (knowledge) or from whatever Allah has provided you (the forces comprising heavenly life)”… (They will be answered): “Indeed Allah has made this forbidden upon the deniers of the knowledge of the reality.” (A.Hulusi)
The Companions of the Fire will call to the Companions of the Garden: “Pour down to us water or anything that Allah doth provide for your sustenance.” They will say: “Both these things hath Allah forbidden to those who rejected Him.” (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve nada ashabun nari ashabel cenneti The Companions of the Fire will call to the Companions of the Garden en efiydu aleyna minelmai Pour down to us water ev mimma razekakumullah or anything that Allah does provide for your sustenance.”
kalu innAllahe harramehuma alel kafiriyn; They will say: “Both these things has Allah forbidden to those who rejected Him.”
People who take religion as something cultural, people as it is said here, who resist on denial to Allah. Those people won’t have any blessing in afterlife.
51-) Elleziynet’tehazu diynehum lehven ve le’iben ve garrethumul hayatud dunya* fel yevme nensahum kema nesu likae yevmihim haza, ve ma kanu Bi ayatina yechadun;
They are those who have turned their religion (the knowledge of the reality and the System; sunnatullah) into an amusement and entertainment, who have been deluded by the (vile) worldly life… Just as they have forgotten the meeting of this day and consciously denied Our signs, We will forget them today! (A.Hulusi)
“Such as took their religion to be mere amusement and play, and were deceived by the life of the world.” That day shall We forget them as they forgot the meeting of this day of theirs, and as they were wont to reject Our Signs. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Elleziynet’tehazu diynehum lehven ve le’iben ve garrethumul hayatud dunya They are those who have turned their religion into an amusement and entertainment, who have been deluded by the worldly life. That day shall We forget them as they forgot the meeting of this day of theirs. Why will they be forgotten in afterlife? Because they took religion as a culture, a tradition and a leagcy from their ancestors. Even the truth is religion as the life itself, they treated religion as a mere accessory.
They turned religion into tradition. As does the rituals to hobby or some piece of antiquity of a museum. Basically they turned religion into a fun and game.
Allah calls these type of people as “Those who don’t take their faiths seriously. That’s why when a person claims that he’s a muslim, the first question is and should be this. “Are you serious in your claim?”
fel yevme nensahum kema nesu likae yevmihim haza, ve ma kanu Bi ayatina yechadun That day shall We forget them as they forgot the meeting of this day of theirs, and as they were wont to reject Our Signs.
52-) Ve lekad ci’nahum Bi Kitabin fassalnahu ala ilmin huden ve rahmeten likavmin yu’minun;
And certainly We have brought them a source of information and detailed it based on knowledge, as a signpost to grace and guidance to a people who believe. (A.Hulusi)
For We had certainly sent unto them a Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail,- a guide and a mercy to all who believe. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Ve lekad ci’nahum Bi Kitabin fassalnahu ala ilmin huden ve rahmeten likavmin yu’minun For We had certainly sent unto them a Book, based on knowledge, which We explained in detail,- a guide and a mercy to all who believe. Huden, the spring of mercy, based on knowledge. As in they won’t have any excuses whatsoever. When we say, “We sent you the book, this book.” And they won’t be able to object this fact.
Ala ilmin based on knowledge. Salvation and mercy can only be achieved via knowledge. Where there’s ignorance there’s no salvation or mercy. This is the representation of Ala ilmin based on knowledge, here.
53-) Hel yenzurune illa te’viyleh* yevme ye’tiy te’viyluhu yekululleziyne nesuhu min kablu kad caet Rusulu Rabbina Bil Hakk* fehel lena min shufe’ae feyeshfe’u lena ev nureddu fena’mele gayrelleziy kunna na’mel* kad hasiru enfusehum ve dalle anhum ma kanu yefterun;
Do they wait only for its interpretation (its absolute meaning)? The time when its interpretation becomes manifest, those who forgot before will say, “Indeed the Rasuls of our Rabb have brought the Truth… Will there be any intercessors to intercede for us or could we be sent back so that we do differently to what we (previously) did!” They have indeed put themselves into loss, and realized the emptiness of what they assumed existed! (A.Hulusi)
Are they waiting for its fulfillment? On the day it is fulfilled, those who disregarded it before will say: “The messengers of our Lord did indeed bring true (tidings). Have we no intercessors now to intercede on our behalf? Or could we be sent back? then should we behave differently from our behavior in the past.” In fact they will have lost their souls, and the things they forged will leave them in the lurch. (A.Yusuf Ali)
Hel yenzurune illa te’viyleh Are they waiting for its fulfillment? As in do they have a right to wait for the full explanation of Judgement Day? They shouldn’t. There won’t be any mercy or guidance for them, that days are passed. And paradise? Not a chance. There’s one thing lest for them, one thing only. That’s what we said earlier to them. Fear the terror of that day. That fear is so intense, the hair of cradle babies grow white.
Yes, this is the expression of Qur’an. How can you not be afraid of the terror of that day which whitens the hair of cradle babies? This is Qur’an’s question. So for people who wait, it says, “Wait then the arrival of that day and what it really means. You cannot wait for anything else.”
yevme ye’tiy te’viyluhu yekululleziyne nesuhu min kablu kad caet Rusulu Rabbina Bil Hakk On the day it is fulfilled, those who disregarded it before will say: “The messengers of our Lord did indeed bring true tidings. Indeed the prophets of Allah delivered the truth. But they ignored them and that’s what they confess to themselves.
Those people who were reached the messages of prophets of Allah. ve men beleg a (An’am/19). Those people will be responsible for that and this responsibility will force them to make this confession.
The faith of Judgement Day is a valuable thing, dear Qur’an friends. It’s the guarantee of the justice feeling. Those who deny that day, deny the justice altogether. Because if you don’t take the responsibility of your actions in the end, why would you be fair in your actions. How can the felling of justice, the responsibility of ethics might grow if there isn’t a constant reminder of the ultimate justice. So reminder of the judgement day is also the invitation to people to take responsibility of their actions.
It’s not that the will of humans are constricted. Allah gave people the free will. You are free to make your own choices. But you should also bear the consequences of your actions. This verse is a reminder of this fact.
fehel lena min shufe’ae feyeshfe’u lena Have we no intercessors now to intercede on our behalf? feyeshfe’u lena intercessors. All those totems, those fake idols, fake leaders etc.etc. When will they be useful if not now? Where are they? Where are all those things we hold high, all those people we glorify. They should arrive and save us, so where are they?
feyeshfe’u lena looking for intercessors is a way of avoiding responsibility at that point. This expression show us this fact.
ev nureddu fena’mele gayrelleziy kunna na’mel Or could we be sent back? then should we behave differently from our behavior in the past.” Again asking for something imposssible.
Actually they are not sincere in this too. Because if they really want to go back, they could do that in earth life. Tevbe is a return. A return from sin. Tevbe means going back away from sin. So if they really wanted to return, the door of repentance was open. Allah may wipe all those sins clean. Allah has mercy. That’s why;
Kul ya ‘ibadiyelleziyne esrefu ala enfuüsihim la taknetu min rahmetillah Say, “O my servants who have transgressed against themselves innAllahe yagfiruzzunube cemiy’a Do not lose hope from the grace of Allah! Indeed Allah forgives all mistakes of those who repent… inneHU “HU”vel GafururRahiym Indeed, He is the Ghafur, the Rahim.”
But they hadn’t. And now where there’s no returning back, they ask for it. kad hasiru enfusehum In fact they will have lost their souls, ve dalle anhum ma kanu yefterun; and the things they forged will leave them in the lurch. They will wait, saying, “This one or that one will arrive to save us.” But there won’t be any help. On the contrary everyone will run away from others.
54-) Inne Rabbekumullahulleziy halekas Semavati vel Arda fiy sitteti eyyamin summesteva alel Arshi yugshil leylen nehare yatlubuhu hasiysen veshemse velKamera venNucume musahharatin BiemriHI, ela leHUl halku vel emr* tebarekallahu Rabbul alemiyn;
Indeed your Rabb is Allah, the One who created the heavens and the earth in six stages, then established Himself on the Throne (i.e. began to administer them as He pleased)… He throws the cover of the night over the cloth of the day, which rapidly follows the night… The sun, the moon, and the stars fulfill His command… Know without doubt that both creation and judgment belong to Him! Exalted is Allah, the Rabb of the worlds! (A.Hulusi)
Your Guardian Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He settled Himself on the Throne: He draweth the night as a veil o’er the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: and the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) are subservient by His Command. Verily, His are the Creation and the Command. Blessed be Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds! (A.Yusuf Ali)
Inne Rabbekumullahu Your Guardian Lord is Allah, elleziy halekas Semavati vel Arda fiy sitteti eyyamin Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, summesteva alel Arshi then He settled Himself on the Throne:
Here the expression fiy sitteti eyyam six days. This isn’t the astonomic days that defines our solar system and planet. No, because Allah doesn’t have these kinds of restrictions. The term “day” is used in Qur’an to define time fragments. And based on the words true nature, instead of takind the term as time frames fiy sitteti eyyam should be taken as 6 stages.
Also the term “arsh” throne” is taken as the ultimate position of power by all translators. As in the throne is the symbol to define Allah’s might and absolution.
yugshil leylen nehare yatlubuhu hasiysen He draws the night as a veil over the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: veshemse velKamera venNucume musahharatin BiemriHI, and the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) are subservient by His Command. ela leHUl halku vel emr* Verily, His are the Creation and the Command. tebarekallahu Rabbul alemiyn; Blessed be Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds!
If you ask why the arrival of this verse defines Allah’s power, might and order over creation comes after all these cverses about the scenes of afterlife, the answer is this. Allah is the power that defines humanities destiny. If you try to build an afterlife unbound from Allah’s domination, if you think Allah cannot intervene your afterlife then you should know that you cannot be more wrong. I sincerely hope that your happiness and joy lies with Allah’s blessing of paradise.
“Ve ahiru davana velil hamdulillahi rabbil alemiyn” (Jonah/10) “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds!” All products of our claims, causes and lives are for Allah and our last word to our Allah is “Hamd”.