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TAFSIR LESSONS AL-A’RAF (55-84) (53)

“Euzu Billahiminesheytanirracim”

BismillahirRahmanirRahiym

Dear Qur’an friends, in our previous lesson we reached the 54th verse of A’raf chapter. If we summarize briefly, we had studied the revelations tellings features of itself and later on the speech came to Allah and then the verses told us about Allah Himself. And now we will continue with the 55th verse.

55-) Ud’u Rabbekum tedarru’an ve hufyeten, inneHU la yuhibbul mu’tediyn;

Pray to your Rabb beseechingly and genuinely… Indeed He does not like the transgressors. (A.Hulusi)

Call on your Lord with humility and in private: for Allah loveth not those who trespass beyond bounds. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ud’u Rabbekum tedarru’an ve hufyeten Call on your Lord with humility and in private.

It’s like presenting a way at first, saying only this being is worthy of been prayed at. This form of praying is done to Allah’s nature of unity and ultimacy. A form of pray that is taught us here, how we should make our stance whilst praying to Allah.

With humility and from the depths of our hearts. hufyeten from depths. Making our silent cries from the fortieth room of our hearts.

In prophets language praying is the brain or marrow of worshipping Muhl ibade. The center of life is pray. Kul ma ya’beu Bi kum Rabbiy levla du’aukum. (Furkan/77) Say what would be your worth if you don’t pray. You are worthy in front of Allah with the scale of your prayings. You are precious as much as you ask from Allah. So it’s not just an organ of worshipping but the defining scale of worth which Works from Allah to person with all prayings.

tedarru’an ,it comes to other languages as tazarru. Actually the root of the word is “chest to land.” As in bowing down to ground all the way. The word dara comes from the same root. It represents to breast of a mammal animal like a cow or camel. Just like the breast close to the ground indicates a milky and prosperous situation. Bowing down to pray gives us the same worthy statue in front of Allah.

tedarru’an word shows us how a praying should be done if it is wanted to be counted as worthy. Just like the day of Mecca’s conquest, Rasulallah as the victorious commander entered the city over his camel bowing down to almost to camels hunch, constantly praying.

It’s nothing like most people in Mecca waited from him to. With yelling, shouting or any loud speeches. No, his position over his camel was like he was in such humble, he was about to collapse over his camel.The real conquest is a persons victory over his own ego. So if a person wins that war, surely he was capable of conqesting over a city like Mecca.

That’s why if you know Allah you have only one thing to do here, pray. In fact praying is the way of returning the signs of Allah back to Allah with acceptance. Allah talks to people with his Signs and people talk to Allah with their prays. Salat is the form of praying supported by actions. A praying man in salat becomes the form of pray itself. If you recognize Allah as you should, you pray with dignity and humble. This verse ends with this sentence.

inneHU la yuhibbul mu’tediyn; for Allah loves not those who trespass beyond bounds. The oversteppers, those who gloat.

Interesting enough that Allah categorize people who don’t pray as oversteppers. If we think about this we might see the accuracy here. A person who doesn’t need to pray, doesn’t realize his weaknesses but more importantly doesn’t know the source of mercy that is Allah. But he’s aware then he simply doesn’t accept it. Because if you know Allah’s greatness, naturally you realize you weaknesses.

That’s why the verse talks about oversteppers. Not praying is exactly this. Because those who wrong themselves cannot pray to Allah. Because they cannot understand their position and the significance of Allah’s infinite mercy. What good a man can be if he doesn’t pray. What good can come from a man who doesn’t know how to pray?

Praying is the best stance of a person, the main stance even. A persons best picture is the one that is taken while he’s praying. And since the main stance of a person is the praying stance the verse also suggests that a man who doesn’t pray is the one who break his stance. This is the overstepping meaning of the sentence inneHU la yuhibbul mu’tediyn.

56-) Ve la tufsidu fiyl Ardi ba’de islahiha ved’uhu havfen ve tame’an, inne rahmetAllahi kariybun minel muhsiniyn;

And do not cause corruption on earth after its reformation… Pray to him with fear and with the belief that He will respond. Indeed, the grace of Allah is near the doers of good (the grace of Allah reaches you by the hand that delivers it). (A.Hulusi)

Do no mischief on the earth, after it hath been set in order, but call on Him with fear and longing (in your hearts): for the Mercy of Allah is (always) near to those who do good. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve la tufsidu fiyl Ardi ba’de islahiha curious connection indeed. Previous verse was talking about praying and how it should be done with passion and humility. After giving us the connection between Allah and the society of praying, after establishing such integrated links, this verse we encounter now talks about mischief on earth. Saying; do not cause corruption on earth after its reformation.

So what is the connection between praying and preventing mischief on earth, dear friends. We understand that living without praying leads humanity to a life that cause mischief on earth. Because if the peace within people is broken, natural path leads to corruption of human-Allah relations and humans interactions with society, he becomes a germ, a virus that threatens the community. Just like a flesh-eating desease or cancer, it spreads the body of society and destroy it from inside.

That’s why Qur’an informs us about this interesting connection between praying and society. Saying to us that not praying is equal to not knowing yourself and a person unaware of his existence cannot comprehend the infinite nature of Allah.

Here we see the pciture of a man who tries to destroy the earth with mischief after its reformation. Tekebbur, meaning thinking himself great. Seeing and showing himself bigger and better than others. And istigna, thinking about himself that he doesn’t need anyone. These are the two viruses that are found in people who doesn’t pray. Tekebbur and istigna, thinking himself big and thinking himself that he doesn’t need anything.

How can a man think that he doesn’t need anything anymore, does he really? Everyone knows that it’s impossible. All people know that a man cannot even make his heart listen to himself. If he can, he wouldn’t love the people he loved, he would make lists about them. Defines them first, analyze them second and then maybe he would chose them to love.

Both physically and metaphorically, both mentally and bodily, a man cannot even control his own hearth. So how can he think that he doesn’t need anyone. Of course it’s impossible. This illness eventually leads the person to shirq and after that social dissolution begins. It’s this kind of poison.

As you see now, this is the connection between praying and society. A corrupted person living without praying eventually creates a corrupted soceity. This is the critical connection according to Qur’an.

ved’uhu havfen ve tame’an Pray to him with fear and with the belief that He will respond.

Beyne’l-havf Ve’r-reca. It’s the similar feeling here. Concern and hope. Concern is one side and hope is the opposite. It calls for balance. Fear and hope. If you pray you should balance your feelings between these two. You should look to hell and feel the fear and look for heaven and be hopeful. Embrace the hope by thinking about Allah’s mercy and equally embrace the wrath of Allah if we cannot be able to fulfill our duties. These two sided feelings prevent you from going far on either side and maintain your soul balance.

 That’s why pray with both fear and hope to Allah. Balance your feelings. Don’t be sure when praying.Don’t be sure that you are heralded with heaven. That’s not good. Because then you might begin to think that you don’t need Allah anymore. You cannot name anyone among the happy people before death. So in order to think that we need Allah constantly we should be in constantly unsure state. Don’t pretend that you get a guarantee. Your final destination depends on what you have done with your life until your death arrives.

Va’bud rabbeke hatta ye’tiyekel yakin.. (Hicr/99) This verse calls to the prophet and by that perspective it also calls to all true believer and even to all of humanity. “Be a worshipper to your Rabb until death arrives.” This sentence should squeeze your soul like a let cloth. Never think you are blessed with paradise before you die. But never lose your hope either. Remember there’s no second door for those who lose their hopes.

Kul ya ‘ibadiyelleziyne esrefu ala enfusihim la taknetu min rahmetillah.. This is one of the verses the prophet send to the Wildling, the slave which killed his uncle. Say; O my people who spent away their lives like a loose change, don’t lose hope on Allah’s mercy. innAllahe yagfiruzzunube cemiy’a Has Allah wanted, all your sins and past mistakes shall be erased. inneHU “HU”vel GafururRahiym; (Zumer/53) Remember that Allah is Oftenly Forgiving and Most Merciful. If you drift away from the source of mercy, your inner life becomes a desert and wither away. Nothing will grow there. You begin to carry a rock or a plain desert in the place you called heart. That’s why you should pray with both fear and hope in order to maintain your hearts climate.

inne rahmetAllahi kariybun minel muhsiniyn; for the Mercy of Allah is always near to those who do good. Or if we choose to follow the translation of takwa by prophets words, “Allah’s blessing is close to people who live like Allah’s sees them constantly.” Prophet Muhammad told the person who asked about beneficence of Allah, this explanation. En ta’budallahi ke enneke tarahu fe innekünte tarahu fe innehu yerake..!

You become a worshipper like Allah sees you. Even though you don’t see Allah, rest assured that Allah sees you. That’s why Allah’s blessing is close to people who live like Allah’s sees them constantly.

57-) Ve “HU”velleziy yursilurRiyaha bushran beyne yedey rahmetiHI, hatta iza ekallet sehaben sikalen suknahu libeledin meyyitin feenzelna Bihilmae feahrecna Bihi min kullis semerat* kezalike nuhricul mevta leallekum tezekkerun;

It is HU who discloses the winds as good tidings before His grace… When the winds finally carry the heavy clouds, We drive them to a dead land and disclose water from them and bring forth all types of fruit therein… Thus We bring forth the dead… Perhaps you will contemplate on what this means! (A.Hulusi)

It is He Who sendeth the winds like heralds of glad tidings, going before His mercy: when they have carried the heavy-laden clouds, We drive them to a land that is dead, make rain to descend thereon, and produce every kind of harvest therewith: thus shall We raise up the dead: perchance ye may remember. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve “HU”velleziy yursilurRiyaha bushran beyne yedey rahmetiHI It is He Who sends the winds like heralds of glad tidings.

Here many of the readers take the word “Bushran” as “Neshran, Nushran or Nesheran.” But Zeccac tells us that this word has five different read types. This is a warning against percieving the existence without Allah.

Ve “HU”velleziy yursilurRiyaha bushran beyne yedey rahmetiHI It is He Who sends the winds like heralds of glad tidings. As in don’t take the existence without considering Allah. When you try to explain the existence, making everything meaningful, making your lives meaningful, you should definitely establish the connection with Allah. Don’t try to evaluate life without connecting it to Allah. Don’t give meanings to things without taking Allah into account. Because nothing has any meaning without Allah.

Allah means meaning here. If you too want to mean anything, then become with Allah. If you want your life mean anything, if you want your joys, your sorrows, your smiles and your cries to have some meaning then make your lives with Allah.

This verse indicates that every incident that might look like independent from Allah like all meteorological incidents like winds and rains are always with and from Allah. Based on this path we might notice an extra advice by the previous verses 55 and 56. I will get there later.

hatta iza ekallet sehaben sikalen When the winds finally carry the heavy clouds, this bears the explanation of how rain comes physically. It is explained with very clear signs and I think even this proof solely gives us that Qur’an is indeed a miracle.

suknahu libeledin meyyitin feenzelna Bihilmae when they have carried the heavy-laden clouds, We drive them to a land that is dead, make rain to descend thereon. All these rain clouds don’t wander around aimlessly. But the rain of mercy finds its way by Allah’s directions. They cannot be taken without Allah. Allah directs them and that’s how the rain descends.

feahrecna Bihi min kullis semerat* and produce every kind of harvest therewith: kezalike nuhricul mevta thus shall We raise up the dead. When you read the world, when you read the universe and nature, read right. If you manage that, you see the resurrection after death constantly. Like a seemingly dead trees giving flowers. The springs arrival after the cold winter. You then notice Ba’su ba’del mevt. And that’s how the dead rises.

leallekum tezekkerun; Perhaps you will contemplate on what this means! First lesson we should understand is to read the universe like a book and understand this signs right. We should be able to understand the nature with all its balance. That’s one. For example it bears the answer to the question of “How can Allah raise the dead?” The answer is quite obvious. Look around many dead things wither and and then resurrect like they reborn. Not only the nature, look at yourselves. Thousands of cells die in your own bodies and thousand of new ones come to their places. Even you die and reborn at the same time and even now you are in that state.

But there’s another deep lesson in this sentence. leallekum tezekkerun; The ending sentence here might be trying to give us another lesson. Possibly about the previous topic, praying.

At first you might think what’s the relation between praying, turning to Allah with humility, asking for Allah’s help with the balance of fear and hope, with Allah’s giving orders to rain clouds and making them rain over dry lands. You asked this but you immediately realize the deep and strong connection here.

Qur’an resembles praying with blessing. Tears like rain and heart like lands. Saying, “Just like a land becomes dry when it cannot take water, a heart becomes barren if not watered with tears.” So take lesson of that. Think about this. Are you carrying a rock inside you, or a heart. Are your lands of hearts green with blessings or dark with emptiness. Remember, you cannot give anything life in your hearts lands if all your heart becomes a desert that cannot take any hope of life.

That’s why water your stones and deserted hearts. Let the tears of rain pour over. Resurrect yourselves from within. Free your heart, release your shackles of earthly desires. These are the verses that show you where to start.

58-) Vel beledut tayyibu yahrucu nebatuhu Bi izni Rabbihi, velleziy habuse la yahrucu illa nekida* kezalike nusarriful ayati likavmin yeshkurun;

 The vegetation of the clean and good land emerges with the permission (Bi-izni RabbiHi) of your Rabb… But from filth, nothing emerges other than what is useless… Thus We diversify the signs for a people who evaluate. (A.Hulusi)

From the land that is clean and good, by the Will of its Cherisher, springs up produce, (rich) after its kind: but from the land that is bad, springs up nothing but that which is scanty. Thus do we explain the Signs by various (symbols) to those who are grateful. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Vel beledut tayyibu From the land that is clean and good yahrucu nebatuhu Bi izni Rabbihi by the Will of its Cherisher, springs up produce, rich after its kind:

The example continues here. A heart that carries hope, a heart which doesn’t effected by lovelessness is shown lişke a clean and good land. by the Will of its Cherisher, springs up produce, rich after its kind: velleziy habuse la yahrucu illa nekida but from the land that is bad, springs up nothing but that which is scanty. Only wild weeds might grow in these barren lands.

kezalike nusarriful ayati likavmin yeshkurun; Thus do we explain the Signs by various (symbols) to those who are grateful. Allah explains all but are we capable enought of understanding it. I hope we become among those who do.

This passage between 54 and 58th verses, calls people to build their inner worlds. It also show where we should begin to do it. Start with your heart. Start by communicating with Allah. Establish the position of receiver. Remember, a heart that suffers the invasion of others cannot be completely free. So tune your hearts tone to Allah, only then you will be able to feel free. Hearts can both be clean, good and productive or barren, fruitless. Passage asks us which type of heart we really want to have.

After this passage and these verses we now begin a new passage that tells us the stories of prophets that had hard times by their communities.

The connection between these passages is this. Reminding the first readers of Qur’an, the prophet Muhammad and the first community about this fact. If your heart turn to desert, there won’t be anything left to grow there even they are hit by storms. Water cannot help those lands to grow plants but drown them. Just like Noah’s community and their fate. Let’s read together.

59-) Lekad erselna Nuhan ila kavmihi fekale ya kavmi’budullahe malekum min ilahin gayruHU, inniy ehafu aleykum azabe yevmin aziym;

We had certainly revealed Noah to his people and he had said, “O my people, serve Allah… You have no deity besides Him… Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a tremendous time.” (A.Hulusi)

We sent Noah to his people. He said: “O my people! worship Allah! ye have no other god but Him. I fear for you the Punishment of a dreadful Day! (A.Yusuf Ali)

Lekad erselna Nuhan ila kavmihi We sent Noah to his people. This passage informs us about Noah, the first prophet that invited people and the first Rasul according to Qur’an.

fekale ya kavmi’budullahe malekum min ilahin gayruHU, and he had said, “O my people, serve Allah… You have no deity besides Him…

inniy ehafu aleykum azabe yevmin aziym;  I fear for you the Punishment of a dreadful Day! Said the prophet Noah.

Most ancient straying from the path of truth. As you can see, losing your path isn’t a new thing, it is in fact very old. Human as a being is not a psychopath. No, from the birth, a human being is pure. As an infant a human being is with the nature and by that nature his state is pure. But when he begins to realize himself, if he chooses to break his contract with Allah, he begin to alienate himself. When he does, it eventually leads to attribute supernatural and godly events to mere materials. At the end of this wrong path, he begins to be a slave to a master he supposedly chooses to create. He gives away his dignity and value to worthless things.

That’s why shirq is and unforgivable crime. Because it’s the ultimate self insult. Being a slave to the thing he was the master of. This is the biggest harm one can do to his own soul.

60-) Kalel meleu min kavmihi inna lenerake fiy dalalin mubiyn;

 The leaders in traditional opinion among his people said, “Indeed, we see you in clear error.” (A.Hulusi)

The leaders of his people said: “Ah! we see thee in evident error.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kalel meleu min kavmih The leaders, the elites of the community responded to this call like this. Naturally the first rebels and deniers of such invitation would be the elites of a society. They call their benefits as stability and always defend this notion. Stability on denial, every time they see a light they hastely grab a bucket of water and try to extinguish it like all lights are supposed to be fire. They become the enemy of light. So naturally when they see a person who illuminates things, they try to destroy him. This is the nature of law and this was exactly the case when Noah called to his community and the leaders of that community answered his call like this.

inna lenerake fiy dalalin mubiyn; Indeed, we see you in clear error.

You see, right; dear friends. Who is the one in error. Who accuse of blasphemy and whom? Noah said; “Don’t attribute godly things other than Allah, don’t be a slave to things that you supposed to be master of. Noah said this and tried to give humanity the dignity they were meant to have and yet the answer he got is this. “You are clearly in error.”

This attitude of rich and powerful is the classic reaction to all those who carry the light. So how can they ignore the errors they were deeply in? Well, by accusing the prophet that calls them to the truth. That can only be explained by upside down mentality and perspective. This is what happens if you ignore the spot that Allah shows you and watch the spot that satan gives you. The light bothers you just like the bats are bother with the presence of light.

A twisted logic. Seeing the high as low and low as high. Temporary as eternal and eternal as non-existent. They always look for this earthly life. They question what they look. They never think that maybe the twisted nature of the sight comes from the eye. And unless they change their eye sight, their perspective they are doomed to see all that is good as twisted and warped.

61-) Kale ya kavmi leyse Biy dalaletun ve lakinniy Rasulun min Rabbil alemiyn;

Noah said, “O my people… There is no error in my view… But I am a Rasul from the Rabb of the worlds.” (A.Hulusi)

He said: “O my people! No wandering is there in my (mind): on the contrary I am a messenger from the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds! (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kale ya kavmi leyse Biy dalaletun Noah said, “O my people… There is no error in my view…

You did notice the response, right? Instead of attacking them by saying; “No, you are the ones in error.” Noah chose the way of response without spooking or offending them. Only by saying the truth he gave his answer to accusations. He might use an offensive response, he wouldn’t be wrong . But no, he only said their reaction was wrong. He hadn’t judged them. Only informed them.

leyse Biy dalaletun There is no error in my view… ve lakinniy Rasulun min Rabbil alemiyn; But I am a Rasul from the Rabb of the worlds.

62-) Ubelligukum risalati Rabbiy ve ensahu lekum ve a’lemu minAllahi ma la ta’lemun;

 “I convey the message of my Rabb to you… I talk in your favor (for) I know (with the bestowed knowledge) from Allah what you do not know.” (A.Hulusi)

“I but convey to you the Message of my Lord: Sincere is my advice to you, and I know from Allah something that ye know not. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ubelligukum risalati Rabbiy ve ensahu lekum I but convey to you the Message of my Lord: ve a’lemu minAllahi ma la ta’lemun Sincere is my advice to you, and I know from Allah something that you know not.

Information. A rasul, a messenger, a prophet. He conveys the risalet. A celestial bulletin was given here. He was doing his job. Otherwise with all those wild accusations one can easily cut all ropes and be done with it.

Can you imagine? They were trying to accuse the prophets with their own errors. A fallen, a blasphemer dares to accuse a prophet with blasphemy. But even in that state, prophet was giving responses without breaking. He kept on insisting to educate them. Because that was his duty, telling the truth with all his might.

63-) Eve ‘acibtum en caekum zikrun min Rabbikum ala raculin minkum liyünzirekum ve litetteku ve leallekum turhamun;

 “Are you surprised that your Rabb notifies you through a man among you, who He has charged to warn you, so that you may be protected and attain grace?” (A.Hulusi)

“Do ye wonder that there hath come to you a remainder from your Lord, through a man of your own people, to warn you,- so that ye may fear Allah and haply receive His Mercy?” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Eve ‘acibtum en caekum zikrun min Rabbikum ala raculin minkum liyünzirekum ve litetteku ve leallekum turhamun; An interesting question. Are you surprised that your Rabb notifies you through a man among you, who He has charged to warn you, so that you may be protected and attain grace? Why so surprised for such a thing?

It’s prophets turn to be surprised. He was surprised for their confused state and ask about the reason of it?

It’s difficult to create another sentence to describe beautifully of such twisted minds nature. This sentence gives us the reveal of how a twisted mind may look into things and how they see them upside down. Just like this. Allah gave them Noah a prophet among them. They aren’t surprised that Allah annointed them as heir of humanity, they aren’t surprised that Allah blessed them with such a mercy but they are surprised a man amongst them is appointed as a prophet. Like we said, a twisted mind.

But as you notice, Noah didn’t criticise any of them or their beliefs, simply explained his position in all this. One should accept his own position in order to be able to explain it to others. That’s why he wanted others to accept his prophethood first, that he is indeed a prophet of Allah. This dialogue is quite interesting. It also shows us a method of how to start and follow such a path. Moving on.

64-) Fekezzebuhu feenceynahu velleziyne me’ahu fiyl fulki ve agraknelleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina* innehum kanu kavmen ‘amiyn;

But they denied him… So We saved him and those with him in the ship… And We drowned those who denied Our signs (manifestations of the Names)… Indeed, they were a people with no insight! (A.Hulusi)

But they rejected him, and We delivered him, and those with him, in the Ark: but We overwhelmed in the Flood those who rejected Our Signs. They were indeed a blind people! (A.Yusuf Ali)

Fekezzebuhu But they rejected him, feenceynahu velleziyne me’ahu fiyl fulki

It may seem short here but it’s not the whole story. In these verses Qur’an wants to give us something. There are other advices and truth that we need to see here so a short reference would be more accurate here. Qur’an isn’t a history book but it keeps the essence of history to give us the needed lessons.

Our attention is focused right now. And Qur’an wants us to see the whole picture. That’s why a short version of a long story is given here to keep the attention at full. The build up, the incident and other historical backgrounds aren’t necessary to be given here. That’s why the speech comes to the lesson fast.

Fekezzebuhu But they denied him… feenceynahu velleziyne me’ahu fiyl fulki So We saved him and those with him in the ship. ve agraknelleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina And We drowned those who denied Our signs.

In another Qur’an verse it says, Felemma asefunentekamna minhum feagraknahum ecme’iyn; (Zuhruf/55) The moment came when they angered us, we took revenge from them. We drowned all of them. A more violent speech.Here Qur’an gives us the open picture of their ends.

innehum kanu kavmen ‘amiyn; They were indeed a blind people! Unable to see the truth even unable to look at the truth. A community which looks where the satan showed, not what Allah showed.

The end here is the big flood as we know it. Interesting enough, this flood incident is not a historical incident that only Qur’an informs us. There’s knowledge in Old Testament about this. Also resonds of Babylon, Symeria, Old Greece, Old India even China, Gine, Malaya and Burma Islands have their version of this Big Flood incident. There are legends of American Indians similar to this flood as well.

It shows this. When the mutual memory of humanity was dispersed, At a time where everything was fragmented, there was a disaster happened so violent and harsh that all communities carved it into their memories. That’s how it became a legend and a myth. The impact of the disaster can easily be seen by the memories and records that captured it.

65-) Ve ila Adin ehahum Huda* kale ya kavmi’budullahe ma lekum min ilahin gayruHU, efela tettekun;

 And to (the people of) Aad, their brother Hud… (He said) “O my people… serve Allah… you have no deity besides Him… Will you still not protect yourselves?” (A.Hulusi)

To the Aad people, (We sent) Hud, one of their (own) brethren: He said: “O my people! Worship Allah: ye have no other god but Him. Will ye not fear (Allah)?” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve ila Adin ehahum Huda To the Aad people, We sent Hud,

Qur’an comes to second passage. We are informed about Noah and his community briefly. I said briefly because there are other passages in Qur’an that give us the long details of this incident. But then again Qur’an intention isn’t that here.

Here, the main motive is to describe how the civilizations disappear. There are examples on how whole countries, civilizations are destroyed because of the corruptions they were infected with. And of course the first readers of these verses, the Meccan community were the first ones to notice these. By that information both the prophet are the true believers are consolidated and informed about the end of heathens. Also warned too, by saying, “If you act like them, your end won’t be any different.”

And to prophet, saying, “You are the continuum of Noah, Lot and Salih. So however they were treated, you will be treated as such. Don’t panic or get concerned.

But like always, the message here wasn’t only directed to Rasulallah and the believers in his era. It’s for all believers in all ages. So naturally this message is also to us. Informing us about how faith and blasphemy have been fighting from the beginning of mankind history, this fight isn’t something new. It happened before, it is happening now and it will happen again.

The real question here is where we stand in this everlasting fight of humanity. Where are we on this conflict between right and wrong. Who are we following. Are we with Noah, Lot, Hud, Salih, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad; god bless all of them. Or are we following the line of the Aad community, Semud heathens, Nimrod, pharaoh and the line of Abu Cehil?

O what we are told here is that history has two streamlines. One flows the light, one flows the dirt. Qur’an makes us earn this perspective with these passages.

We said Aad community which known as Ahkaf in historical records. They had lived in the area between Ummand and Hadramad which became a desert. We can call the South eastern region of Arabia at this point.

Archeological discories in 19. Century uncovered several proofs that confirms what Qur’an says. In a record which was dated back to 800 B.C. there are references to the disaster that befell over the Aad community after Prophet Hud. This record is now protected by museums.

In Tora Prophet Hud is refered as Abel. He was also refered as not just an arabic national but also one of the first ancestors of that race.

kale ya kavmi’budullahe ma lekum min ilahin gayruHU, He said: “O my people! Worship Allah: you have no other god but Him. efela tettekun Will you not fear (Allah)? All prophets had laid their lives for the benefit and well being of humanity.

66-) Kalel meleulleziyne keferu min kavmihi inna lenerake fiy sefahetin ve inna le nezunnuke minel kazibiyn;

 The leaders among the disbelievers of his people said, “We see you in foolishness… and we presume you are a liar.” (A.Hulusi)

The leaders of the unbelievers among his people said: “Ah! we see thou art a folly!”, and “We think thou art a liar!” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kalel meleulleziyne keferu min kavmihi The leaders among the disbelievers of his people said, inna lenerake fiy sefahetin We see you in foolishness… ve inna le nezunnuke minel kazibiyn and we presume you are a liar.”

Prophets are the pople who dedicated their lives for the happiness of humanity, dear friends. Don’t for a second assume that enduring all those pain, suffering for the case of unity is a simple thing. Being ignored is the most easy response for prophets, being treated as lunatic, blasphemer, someone to be get rid of immediately. These are not easy things to endure.

The noblest of human kinds are the prophets. Look what they had to live. They are the mirrors of humanity. Misareables, dim witted people only see themselves in those mirrors and treated them as such. Not realizind what they actually do. Now the prophet era is over, the true believers take the roles of being the mirrors of humanity. So if a person looks at them, he will surely see his trueselves and treats them as such.

67-) Kale ya kavmi leyse Biy sefahetun ve lakinniy Rasulun min Rabbil alemiyn;

(Hud) said, “O my people… There is no foolishness in me… But I am a Rasul of the Rabb of the worlds.” (A.Hulusi)

He said: “O my people! there is no folly in me, but (I am) a messenger from the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds! (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kale ya kavmi He said: “O my people! leyse Biy sefahetun there is no folly in me,  ve lakinniy Rasulun min Rabbil alemiyn but (I am) a messenger from the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds!

68-) Ubelligukum risalati Rabbiy ve ene lekum nasihun emiyn;

“I convey to you the messages of my Rabb… I am a trustworthy advisor to you.” (A.Hulusi)

“I but convey to you the Message of my Lord: I am to you a sincere and trustworthy adviser.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ubelligukum risalati Rabbiy I but convey to you the Message of my Lord: ve ene lekum nasihun emiyn I am to you a sincere and trustworthy adviser.

69-) Eve ‘acibtum en caekum zikrun min Rabbikum ala raculin minkum li yunzirekum* vezkuru iz ce’alekum hulefae min ba’di kavmi Nuhin ve zadekum fiyl halki bestaten, fezkuru alaAllahi leallekum tuflihun;

“Are you surprised that a man among you has been advised by your Rabb to warn you? Remember, think! He appointed you vicegerents after the people of Noah and increased you extensively in stature and provisions… Remember and evaluate the blessings of Allah so that you may be liberated.” (A.Hulusi)

“Do ye wonder that there hath come to you a message from your Lord through a man of your own people, to warn you? Call in remembrance that He made you inheritors after the people of Noah, and gave you a stature tall among the nations. Call in remembrance the benefits (ye have received) from Allah. that so ye may prosper.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Eve ‘acibtum en caekum zikrun min Rabbikum ala raculin minkum li yunzirekum Just like Noah, he also surprised to the same thing. More truly their twisted logic is thrown back at them by this surprise reaction. Are you surprised that a man among you has been advised by your Rabb to warn you? What’s so unimaginable here?

vezkuru iz ce’alekum hulefae min ba’di kavmi Nuhin ve zadekum fiyl halki bestaten Remember, think! He appointed you vicegerents after the people of Noah and increased you extensively in stature and provisions… The blessing is reminded here. How should they never forget the blessings they took and the responsibilities they have to endure.

This is the dead end of a mind filled with blasphemy and twisted thoughts, dear firends. They didn’t surprised that they are chosen to build a better civilizations but they were surprised that someone among them was granted with prophethood. They expected extra miracles constantly. This is the end result.

fezkuru alaAllahi leallekum tuflihun; Remember and evaluate the blessings of Allah so that you may be liberated. Salvation can be achieved by being thankful and remember Allah always. Zhikr here is in the form of thinking about Allah without forgetting.

70-) Kalu eci’tena lina’budAllahe vahdeHU ve nezere ma kane ya’budu abauna* fe’tina Bima te’iduna in kunte mines sadikiyn;

They said, “Have you come to us so that we serve Allah, the ONE, and abandon what our fathers have worshipped? If you are speaking the truth, then bring us the thing with which you threaten us (so that we see it)!” (A.Hulusi)

They said: “Comest thou to us, that we may worship Allah alone, and give up that which our fathers used to worship? bring us what thou threatenest us with, if so be that thou tellest the truth!” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kalu eci’tena lina’budAllahe vahdeHU ve nezere ma kane ya’budu abauna They said, “Have you come to us so that we serve Allah, the ONE, and abandon what our fathers have worshipped?

The sole proof of a twisted mine is this, dear friends. Forefothers, ancestors, all in all stability. Although the prophet represents the allmighty new, because of all those twisted rituals and faiths compelled the community to unite against the prophet. They rebelled against him till their dying breath.

They never had a thought that maybe their fathers were the wrong ones. And all those good things in their lives were not from Allah but their own ancestors according to them. That’s why Qur’an always fires this mentality. Because this ideology is the same fever that burns all human advancements.

fe’tina Bima te’iduna in kunte mines sadikiyn If you are speaking the truth, then bring us the thing with which you threaten us.

71-) Kale kad veka’a aleykum min Rabbikum ricsun ve gadab* etucadiluneniy fiy Esmain semmeytumuha entum ve abaukum ma nezzelAllahu Biha min sultan* fenteziru inni me’akum minel munteziriyn;

(Hud) said, “In truth, the hurricane of your Rabb’s punishment and wrath (the state of duality) has already befallen you! Are you arguing with me about the unsubstantiated names you gave to the gods, you and your fathers, for which Allah has not revealed any evidence (in regards to their existence)? Then wait; indeed, I am with you among those who wait.” (A.Hulusi)

He said: “Punishment and wrath have already come upon you from your Lord: dispute ye with me over names which ye have devised – ye and your fathers,- without authority from Allah? Then wait: I am amongst you, also waiting.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kale He said: kad veka’a aleykum min Rabbikum ricsun ve gadab brilliant indeed. Look at prophets response dear friends. Punishment and wrath have already come upon you from your Lord. What more do you want, o my devious community?

This is  a response of a smack to the logic that rebels Allah, dear Qur’an friends. A response valid in all ages.Your state is the biggest punishment. Do you want more disasters from Allah. Being ignored by Allah and losing your meanings aren’t enough?

You lost yourselves, you are no longer close to your cores. You alienate Allah, yourselves, the truth and the world. Instead of being a worshipper of Allah, you worship other things. In the expense of lowering yourselves, you glorifies mere things. So while you are in this deep state of punishment, do you really want additional punishments? This is what the prophet wants to say here.

etucadiluneniy fiy Esmain semmeytumuha entum ve abaukum ma nezzelAllahu Biha min sultan* Are you arguing with me about the unsubstantiated names you gave to the gods, you and your fathers, for which Allah has not revealed any evidence.

fenteziru inni me’akum minel munteziriyn Then wait; indeed, I am with you among those who wait. You wonder what comes next. So do I. Let’s see what will Allah do about this.

72-) Feenceynahu velleziyne me’ahu Bi rahmetin minna ve kata’na dabiralleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina ve ma kanu mu’miniyn;

 So we saved him and those with him by surrounding them with Our grace… And We uprooted those who denied our verses… They did not believe. (A.Hulusi)

We saved him and those who adhered to him, by Our Mercy, and We cut off the roots of those who rejected Our Signs and did not believe. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Feenceynahu velleziyne me’ahu Bi rahmetin minna We saved him and those who adhered to him, by Our Mercy ve kata’na dabiralleziyne kezzebu Bi ayatina ve ma kanu mu’miniyn and We cut off the roots of those who rejected Our Signs and did not believe

Of course this cutting off the roots doesn’t have to be in the disasterous scale of Noah’s community Qur’an mentioned before or Salih’s community which we are about the learn. No, there’s no specific disaster is told here. Also civilizations don’t need to fall because of a fast and physical disasters only. Internal corruptions, social dissolutions, moral downfalls are easily be the main reasons of such destructions. There might be the case here, there’s this possibility too.

73-) Ve ila Semude ehahum Saliha* kale ya kavmi’budullahe ma lekum min ilahin gayruHU, kad caetkum beyyinetun min Rabbikum* hazihi nakatullahi lekum ayeten fezeruha te’kul fiy Ardillahi ve la temessuha Bi suin feye’huzekum azabun eliym;

And to Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih… He said, “O my people! Serve Allah… You cannot have a deity besides Allah… Clear evidence has come to you from your Rabb… This female camel of Allah is a miracle for you! So leave her to eat on Allah’s earth! Do not dare to ponder any harm upon her! Lest you fall into a painful punishment!” (A.Hulusi)

To the Thamud people (We sent) Salih, one of their own brethren: He said: “O my people! worship Allah. ye have no other god but Him. Now hath come unto you a clear (Sign) from your Lord! This she-camel of Allah is a Sign unto you: So leave her to graze in Allah’s earth, and let her come to no harm, or ye shall be seized with a grievous punishment. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve ila Semude ehahum Saliha And to Thamud (We sent) their brother Salih… Thamud was a community which their records can be found in many records of history. They came from the blood of Ad community hence the nickname of them, “the second Aad” Also Sargon chronicles mentions about Thamud around 715 BC. Aristoteles and Ptolemy also mentioned about them in their writings. So there are many proofs of their existence beside Qur’an.

kale ya kavmi’budullahe ma lekum min ilahin gayruHU, He said, “O my people! Serve Allah… You cannot have a deity besides Allah. kad caetkum beyyinetun min Rabbikum* Clear evidence has come to you from your Rabb. hazihi nakatullahi lekum ayeten This she-camel of Allah is a Sign unto you:

Nakatullah, saying something belong to Allah and belong to all people have similar connections. Fiy Ardillah, supply of Allah, land of Allah, property of Allah. Here’s an attention point to public properties. As in all things living or unliving that without an owner or not, all things belong to Allah.

From the ancient times this incident became a historical myth for Arabic community and in our translation it can be seen as a story but here we understand in the foundation of this incident we see a female camel as a symbol to test the Thamud community.

fezeruha te’kul fiy Ardillahi So leave her to eat on Allah’s earth! Remember this community was so out of the line that they were torturing anyhing or anyone without a guardian or owner. So Allah tested them with a thing, an animal that seem without an owner but in fact like all things it also belonged to Allah. This was their test that eventually led to their disaster.

ve la temessuha Bi suin feye’huzekum azabun eliym Do not dare to ponder any harm upon her! Lest you fall into a painful punishment!

74-) Vezkuru iz ce’alekum hulefae min ba’di adin ve bevveekum fiyl Ardi tettehizune min suhuliha kusuran ve tenhitunel cibale buyuta* fezkuru alaAllahi ve la ta’sev fiyl Ardi mufsidiyn;

“And remember when He made you vicegerents after Aad and established you upon the earth… You obtain palaces from it and carve its mountains to form homes for yourselves! Then remember and think about these blessings of Allah and do not cause transgression on the earth through corruption.” (A.Hulusi)

“And remember how He made you inheritors after the Ud people and gave you habitations in the land: ye build for yourselves palaces and castles in (open) plains, and carve out homes in the mountains; so bring to remembrance the benefits (ye have received) from Allah, and refrain from evil and mischief on the earth.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Vezkuru iz ce’alekum hulefae min ba’di adin Just like previous prophets had reminded their communities of Allah’s blessing, this one does that too.

And remember how He made you inheritors after the Ud people ve bevveekum fiyl Ard and gave you habitations in the land. This is important, friends. This is the difference between “I did” and “Allah blessed us with.”

tettehizune min suhuliha kusuran ve tenhitunel cibale buyuta you build for yourselves palaces and castles in open plains, and carve out homes in the mountains. Nowadays in Northwestern area in Arabic Peninsula, there are remnants of this god forsaken communities, dear Qur’an friends. The area is called Medain-i Saliah. Old rock houses, antique palaces and tombstones are still there like a picture of a community which lost the favor of Allah.

fezkuru alaAllahi ve la ta’sev fiyl Ardi mufsidiyn; Then remember and think about these blessings of Allah and do not cause transgression on the earth through corruption.

75-) Kalel meleulleziynestekberu min kavmihi lilleziynes tud’ifu limen amene minhum eta’lemune enne salihan murselun min Rabbih* kalu inna Bi ma ursile Bihi mu’minun;

The leaders among the people (of Salih) who were arrogant said to the weaker believers among them, “Do you actually believe that Salih is disclosed by your Rabb?” They said, “We believe in what has been revealed through him (as though it has been revealed to us).” (A.Hulusi)

The leaders of the arrogant party among his people said to those who were reckoned powerless – those among them who believed: “Know ye indeed that Salih is a messenger from his Lord?” They said: “We do indeed believe in the revelation which hath been sent through him.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kalel meleulleziynestekberu min kavmihi lilleziynes tud’ifu limen amene minhum The leaders among the people (of Salih) who were arrogant said to the weaker believers among them… These two groups are important in Qur’an. Mestekbir and Mustazaf. Oppressors and oppressed. Those on top and down bottom. These concept is frequently mentioned in Qur’an. People on top try to elevate or preserve their positions by stepping over the people who are poor and oppressed.

eta’lemune enne salihan murselun min Rabbih* “Do you actually believe that Salih is disclosed by your Rabb?” kalu inna Bi ma ursile Bihi mu’minun They said, “We believe in what has been revealed through him as though it has been revealed to us.”

People of poor and oppressed are the first and natural allies of prophets, dear friends. Indeed they were. People who lived in poverty were the first ones to enter Islam and people who were rich and powerful, who are used to this worlds life were the last ones to convert usually.

76-) Kalelleziynestekberu inna Billeziy amentum Bihi kafirun;

 The conceited arrogant ones said, “Indeed we are deniers of that which you believe.” (A.Hulusi)

The Arrogant party said: “For our part, we reject what ye believe in.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Kalelleziynestekberu The Arrogant party said: inna Billeziy amentum Bihi kafirun “Indeed we are deniers of that which you believe.”

77-) Fe’akarun nakate ve ‘atev an emri Rabbihim ve kalu ya salihu’tina Bi ma te’iduna in kunte minel murseliyn;

Then they savagely slaughtered the female camel and were disobedient to the command of their Rabb, and they said, “O Salih… If you are of the Rasuls, then bring the punishment with which you threaten us.” (A.Hulusi)

Then they ham-strung the she-camel, and insolently defied the order of their Lord, saying: “O Salih! bring about thy threats, if thou art a messenger (of Allah)!” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Fe’akarun nakate ve ‘atev an emri Rabbihim Then they savagely slaughtered the female camel and were disobedient to the command of their Rabb.

Tortured, savagely slaughtered. In this case they all have the same meaning. Akara is the name of a process done to animal, breaking its legs so that it cannot escape while slaughtered. So naturally it has a torture nature this practice. An arabic name akr is.

From this point of view we realise that Allah encourages people to be merciful to creation and this communities rebellious acts surfaced without any of them.

ve kalu ya salihu’tina Bi ma te’iduna in kunte minel murseliyn and they said, “O Salih… If you are of the Rasuls, then bring the punishment with which you threaten us.”

78-) Fe ehazethumur recfetu fe asbehu fiy darihim casimiyn;

A harsh earthquake seized them… They collapsed in their homes and died! (A.Hulusi)

So the earthquake took them unawares, and they lay prostrate in their homes in the morning! (A.Yusuf Ali)

Fe ehazethumur recfetu A harsh earthquake seized them…Recfe a quake with loud noise, with explosions. It could be a regular but strong earthquake or a volcanic activity or both. We both know that any of them is very dangerous and deadly.

fe asbehu fiy darihim casimiyn They collapsed in their homes and died!

79-) Fetevella anhum va kale ya kavmi lekad eblagtukum risalete Rabbiy ve nesahtu lekum ve lakin la tuhibbunen nasihiyn;

And he (Salih) turned away from them and said, “O my people… Indeed I have conveyed to you the message of my Rabb and advised you, but you do not like those who talk in your favor.” (A.Hulusi)

So Salih left them, saying: “O my people! I did indeed convey to you the message for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel, but ye love not good counselors!” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Fetevella anhum va kale And Salih turned away from them and said ya kavmi lekad eblagtukum risalete Rabbiy “O my people! I did indeed convey to you the message for which I was sent by my Lord: ve nesahtu lekum I gave you good counsel, ve lakin la tuhibbunen nasihiyn but you do not like those who talk in your favor.

80-) Ve Lutan iz kale li kavmihi ete’tunel fahishete ma sebekakum Biha min ehadin minel alemiyn;

And remember when Lot said to his people, “Do you commit immoralities that no one before you in the world committed?” (A.Hulusi)

We also (sent) Lot: He said to his people: “Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you? (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve Lutan And remember when Lot said to his people iz kale li kavmihi ete’tunel fahishete ma sebekakum Biha min ehadin minel alemiyn; Do you commit immoralities that no one before you in the world committed?

The story of Lot, Abraham’s nephew is told in Hud chapter in details. These verses talks about the infamous Sodom city which now is the place of Lot Lake. We learn from these verses that an ugly way of fornication, homosexuality which is a defiance against human nature, how it became a tradition in that community and how that led them to their destruction as well as the prophets efforts of preventing this indeceny.

81-) Innekum lete’tuner Ricale shehveten min dunin nisa’* bel entum kavmun musrifun;

“You leave women and sleep with men! No, you are a transgressing people!” (A.Hulusi)

“For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women : ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds.” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Innekum lete’tuner Ricale shehveten min dunin nisa’* “You leave women and sleep with men! bel entum kavmun musrifun No, you are a transgressing people!”

82-) Ve ma kane cevabe kavmihi illa en kalu ahricuhum min karyetikum* innehum unasun yetetahherun;

 The answer of his people was only, “Evict them from your city… For they are men who are purified (from such things).” (A.Hulusi)

And his people gave no answer but this: they said, “Drive them out of your city: these are indeed men who want to be clean and pure!” (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve ma kane cevabe kavmihi illa en kalu And his people gave no answer but this: As usual indeceny has no tolerance for morality. It was before and it is today. min karyetikum from your lands. We understand from this sentence that Lot was an immigrant in Sodom, this is a historical fact. We see the same implication here. ahricuhum min karyetikum Drive them out of your city. innehum unasun yetetahherun these are indeed men who want to be clean and pure. And mocking him on top of all that.

Evils evict the good from their territory. This expression not only represents this but the branches that about to make their ways from the tree trunk. Good people leaving the bad to their fates, this is also called hejira. Every hejira is an eviction of some sort.

83-) Feenceynahu ve ehlehu illemraetehu, kanet minel gabiriyn;

So We saved him and his people… except his wife! She stayed behind and was of those who were caved-in! (A.Hulusi)

But we saved him and his family, except his wife: she was of those who legged behind. (A.Yusuf Ali)

Feenceynahu ve ehlehu So We saved him and his people. illemraetehu, kanet minel gabiriyn; except his wife! She stayed behind and was of those who were caved-in. Yes, his own wife, a wife of a prophet cannot be saved here.

Why does Qur’an give us this anectode? To build a consciousness. Remember Qur’an mentions several historical figures like, Noah’s heathen son, Abraham’s heathen father, Pharaoh’s faithful wife, our prophet Muhammad’s heathen uncle. All these are to establish a Qur’an principle in peoples minds. Faith is a value that may lead you to Allah’s salvation but only with your choices and actions done with free will. Faith is not a quality that can be passed by father mother or uncle.

84-) Ve emtarna aleyhim metara* fenzur keyfe kane akibetul mucrimiyn;

We rained down upon them suffering (a volcanic eruption according to narration)! Have a look and see how these criminals ended up! (A.Hulusi)

And we rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): Then see what was the end of those who indulged in sin and crime! (A.Yusuf Ali)

Ve emtarna aleyhim metara* And we rained down on them a shower of brimstone: fenzur keyfe kane akibetul mucrimiyn Then see what was the end of those who indulged in sin and crime! We wish from our Rabb, a life without sinking into sin.We wish from our Rabb, a life on His path. We wish from out Rabb that we live on the same path walked by Salih, Noah, Lot and all the prophets.

“Ve ahiru davana velil hamdulillahi rabbil alemiyn” (Jonah/10) “Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds!” All products of our claims, causes and lives are for Allah and our last word to our Allah is “Hamd”.

“Esselamu aleykum.”

 

 

 
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Yazan: 01 Ağustos 2019 in AÇIKLAMALAR